COVID-19 pandemic

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from 2020 coronavirus pandemic)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
COVID‑19 pandemic
COVID-19 Outbreak World Map per Capita.svg
Confirmed cases per 100,000 population
as of 22 August 2021
  •   >10%
  •   3-10%
  •   1-3%
  •   0.3-1%
  •   0.1-0.3%
  •   0.03-0.1%
  •   0-0.3%
  •   None or no data
Cases per country
COVID-19 Outbreak World Map.svg
Total confirmed cases per country
as of 22 August 2021
  •   10,000,000+
  •   1,000,000-9,999,999
  •   100,000–999,999
  •   10,000–99,999
  •   1,000–9,999
  •   100–999
  •   1–99
  •   None or no data
Deaths per capita
COVID-19 Outbreak World Map Total Deaths per Capita.svg
Confirmed deaths per 100 population date shown on map
  •   100+
  •   10–100
  •   1–10
  •   0.1–1
  •   0–0.1
  •   None or no data
A nurse caring for a patient with COVID‑19 in an intensive care unit
Meeting of the Italian government task force to face the coronavirus outbreak, 23 February 2020
Taiwanese 33rd Chemical Corps spraying disinfectant on a street in Taipei, Taiwan
Burial in Hamadan, Iran
Workers unloading boxes of medical supplies at Villamor Air Base
Clockwise, starting from top:
  • A nurse caring for a COVID‑19 patient in an intensive care unit aboard a U.S. hospital ship
  • Disinfection vehicles in Taiwan
  • Donated medical supplies being received in the Philippines
  • Burial in Iran
  • The Italian government's outbreak task force
DiseaseCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19)
Virus strainSevere acute respiratory syndrome
coronavirus 2
(SARS‑CoV‑2)[a]
SourceProbably bats, possibly via pangolins[2][3]
LocationWorldwide
First outbreakChina[4]
Index caseWuhan, Hubei, China
30°37′11″N 114°15′28″E / 30.61972°N 114.25778°E / 30.61972; 114.25778
Date1 December 2019 (2019-12-01)–present[4]
Confirmed cases230,619,562[5]
Deaths
4,729,061[5]
Territories
{{{territories}}}[5]

The COVID-19 pandemic, also called the coronavirus pandemic, is a current pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). It is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).[1][6][b] The outbreak started in Wuhan, Hubei, China, in December 2019. The World Health Organization (WHO) called it a pandemic on 11 March 2020.[7][8][9][10][11] The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses gave the virus its name. As of February 19, 2021, more than 110 million cases of COVID-19 have been reported in more than 188 countries and territories. More than three million people have died of COVID-19,[12] and more than 85 million people have defeated, or recovered from the disease.[12][13][14]

The virus usually moves from one person to another with small drops made when coughing[15][16] or sneezing.[17] It mostly spreads when people are close to each other, which is why social distancing is encouraged. Coronavirus can also spread when people touch a surface with the virus, and then they touch their face.[16][17] Common symptoms include fever, cough, and trouble breathing.[18] The illness can worsen with pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome.[19] As of January 2021, a number of vaccines for COVID-19 have been developed, but only a few have been approved as safe for use. The first vaccine to be approved was created by Pfizer and BioNTech,[20] followed by the Oxford / AstraZeneca [21] vaccine. Vaccine distribution has begun in many countries in Europe, North America, South America and Asia.[22] The United Kingdom was the first western country to administer a COVID-19 vaccine.[23] No antiviral medicine for COVID-19 is available.[24] Doctors usually give patients supportive therapy instead.[25] People can avoid spreading the virus by regularly washing their hands, covering their mouth when coughing, maintaining distance from other people, staying away from crowds, wearing medical or cloth face coverings, and being alone for people who think they are infected, also known as quarantining.[24]

The outbreak might be from a coronavirus that usually lives in bats. This infected another animal, possibly a pangolin. It then changed inside that other animal until it could infect humans.[26] It possibly originated at a wet market, Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market.[27] A 55-year-old person from Hubei province was the first human to contract the virus on November 17, 2019.[28] A 61-year-old man who was a regular customer at the market was the first person to die from the virus on January 11, 2020.[29] The exact origin of the virus is still unknown since the market in Wuhan sold a variety of live wild animals in cages. Chinese tourists have spread the virus by traveling to other countries and made it a worldwide pandemic.[30]

Racism and xenophobia against Chinese people and Asians increased during the pandemic.

In November 2020, two companies, Pfizer and Moderna, said they had finished making COVID-19 vaccines. Both are over 90% effective. Two mRNA vaccines, one by Pfizer and one by Moderna, have been tested. Both were over 90% effective.[31] Countries began planning to give the vaccine to many people.[32] [33][34] 17 other vaccines have been approved by at least one country, and many others are being developed.

The United States has the most deaths from the virus. More than 600,000 Americans have died from the virus.[35] California had the most COVID-19 cases in the country.[36]


Video summary (script) on the coronavirus disease (4:12 min)

Epidemiology[change | change source]

Epidemiology is the study of how diseases affect the health and illness of groups of people.

Background[change | change source]

On 31 December 2019, Chinese health authorities reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) a cluster of viral pneumonia cases of unknown cause in Wuhan,[37][38] and an investigation was launched in early January 2020.[39]

On 9 June 2020, a Harvard University study suggested that COVID-19 may have been spreading in China as early as August 2019, based on hospital car park usage and web search trends.[40]

Cases[change | change source]

Cases means the number of people who have been tested for COVID-19 and have tested positive.[41] These cases are according to Johns Hopkins University.

Deaths[change | change source]

Deceased in a 16 m (53 ft) "mobile morgue" outside a hospital in Hackensack, New Jersey

Most people who contract COVID-19 recover. For those who do not, the time between the start of symptoms and death usually ranges from 6 to 41 days, but most of the time about 14 days.[42] This data are recorded by the WHO.

Duration[change | change source]

On 11 March 2020, the WHO said that the pandemic could be controlled.[7]

Symptoms[change | change source]

Symptoms of COVID-19. There are reports that even people who do not show symptoms can spread it.[43]

According to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, COVID-19 makes people feel sick in different ways, but it usually affects the lungs. People usually cough and have difficulty breathing. They often also have a fever, chills, headache, pain in their muscles, or trouble tasting or smelling things,[44] which can often be confused with the flu virus. [45]

According to an April 2020 study by the American Gastroenterological Association, COVID-19 can make sick people vomit or have diarrhea, but this is rare. They said about 7.7% of COVID-19 patients vomited, about 7.8% had diarrhea and about 3.6% had pain in their stomachs.[46]

Data[change | change source]

Location[c] Cases[d] Deaths[e] Recov.[f] Ref.
World[g]

230,619,562

4,729,061

No data

[5]

United States[h] 42,984,540 690,152 No data [54]
India 33,766,707 448,339 33,043,144 [55]
Brazil 21,283,567 592,316 20,295,538 [56][57]
United Kingdom[i] 7,565,867 135,803 No data [59]
Russia[j] 7,354,995 201,445 6,558,780 [60]
France[k] 6,971,493 116,309 No data [61][62]
Turkey[l] 6,932,453 62,307 6,411,476 [66]
Iran 5,493,591 118,508 4,872,865 [67]
Argentina[m] 5,245,198 114,684 5,102,632 [69]
Colombia 4,945,203 126,006 4,784,749 [70]
Spain[n] 4,943,855 86,185 No data [71]
Italy 4,645,853 130,488 4,408,806 [72]
Indonesia 4,234,011 142,933 4,072,332 [73]
Germany[o] 4,191,836 93,773 3,921,317 [75][74]
Mexico 3,597,168 273,391 2,952,626 [76]
Poland 2,900,862 75,537 2,660,036 [77]
South Africa 2,892,081 86,655 2,753,334 [78]
Philippines 2,434,753 37,405 2,231,558 [79][80]
Ukraine[p] 2,370,425 55,284 2,237,973 [81]
Peru 2,169,427 199,108 2,144,784 [82][83]
Malaysia 2,142,924 24,565 1,917,085 [84]
Netherlands[q] 1,991,628 18,144 No data [86][87]
Iraq 1,987,352 21,993 1,882,596 [88]
Czech Republic 1,687,973 30,448 1,651,608 [89]
Japan[r] 1,683,965 17,319 1,612,984 [90]
Chile[s] 1,649,409 37,410 1,605,568 [94]
Canada[t] 1,591,167 27,552 1,518,827 [97]
Bangladesh 1,548,320 27,337 1,507,789 [98][99]
Thailand 1,537,310 16,015 1,393,902 [100][101]
Israel[u] 1,247,633 7,592 1,171,173 [102]
Pakistan 1,232,595 27,432 1,143,605 [103]
Belgium[v] 1,229,236 25,533 No data [105][106]
Romania 1,172,981 35,964 1,090,380 [107]
Sweden 1,148,641 14,813 No data [108]
Portugal 1,064,876 17,938 1,014,772 [109][110]
Morocco[w] 923,924 14,040 890,734 [111]
Serbia[x] 893,023 7,926 No data [112]
Kazakhstan 870,059 10,913 801,673 [113][114]
Switzerland[y] 830,251 10,643 317,600 [115][116]
Cuba[z] 825,351 6,978 777,999 [117][118]
Hungary 819,021 30,143 781,138 [119]
Jordan 816,574 10,637 793,689 [120][121]
Nepal 788,769 11,072 756,954 [122]
United Arab Emirates 733,972 2,083 726,035 [123]
Austria 730,403 10,943 698,042 [124]
Vietnam 728,435 18,017 493,488 [125]
Tunisia 701,820 24,634 670,921 [126]
Greece 638,921 14,575 No data [127]
Lebanon 619,950 8,253 584,527 [128][129]
Georgia[aa] 602,065 8,711 570,443 [130]
Saudi Arabia 546,735 8,679 535,711 [131]
Guatemala 537,987 13,185 490,322 [132]
Belarus 524,248 4,054 508,936 [133]
Costa Rica 515,931 6,128 416,119 [134]
Sri Lanka 510,040 12,448 451,742 [135][136]
Ecuador 507,003 32,661 443,880 [137]
Bolivia 497,984 18,681 454,350 [138]
Bulgaria 487,588 20,251 426,266 [139]
Azerbaijan[ab] 477,587 6,394 444,053 [140]
Panama 465,147 7,183 454,077 [141]
Paraguay 459,720 16,138 442,230 [142]
Myanmar 453,407 17,343 406,175 [143]
Kuwait 411,316 2,442 408,159 [144]
Slovakia 405,931 12,592 No data [145]
Croatia 396,470 8,554 379,301 [146]
Uruguay 388,068 6,049 380,478 [147]
Palestine 386,493 3,935 352,315 [148]
Ireland 380,720 5,209 No data [149]
File:Flag of Honduras (2008 Olympics).svg Honduras 361,527 9,627 108,686 [150][151]
Venezuela 358,462 4,346 342,033 [152]
Dominican Republic 356,042 4,031 347,077 [153]
Denmark[ac] 355,944 2,638 348,522 [154][155]
Ethiopia 336,762 5,254 303,768 [156]
Libya 335,055 4,569 252,463 [157]
Lithuania 319,281 4,849 295,017 [158][159]
Oman 303,551 4,093 295,168 [160][161]
Egypt[ad] 298,988 17,043 251,902 [162]
South Korea 292,699 2,427 262,842 [163]
Slovenia 287,278 4,521 No data [164][165]
Moldova[ae] 286,536 6,649 270,640 [166]
Bahrain 274,524 1,388 272,387 [167]
Armenia 255,648 5,200 237,855 [168]
Mongolia 247,212 982 241,501 [169]
Kenya 247,675 5,045 245,026 [170]
Qatar 236,016 604 233,901 [171]
Bosnia and Herzegovina 230,212 10,379 192,218 [172]
Zambia 208,715 3,641 204,442 [173]
Nigeria 203,081 2,666 191,601 [174]
Algeria 202,122 5,739 No data [175]
North Macedonia 188,113 6,511 169,116 [176]
Norway[af] 185,330 850 88,952 [179]
Kyrgyzstan 174,813 2,503 168,012 [180]
Uzbekistan 169,989 1,203 163,985 [181]
Botswana 165,644 2,337 160,221 [182]
Albania 165,096 2,601 150,012 [183]
Kosovo 159,621 2,919 150,625 [184]
Afghanistan 154,960 7,198 123,497 [185]
Latvia 152,693 2,669 143,294 [186]
Estonia 151,881 1,339 140,659 [187][188]
Mozambique 150,370 1,907 146,155 [189]
Puerto Rico 148,570 3,109 No data [190][191]
Finland[ag] 138,068 1,062 31,000 [194][195]
Zimbabwe 128,804 4,592 121,653 [196]
Montenegro 128,377 1,879 118,394 [197]
Namibia 127,035 3,478 122,278 [198]
Ghana 125,830 1,130 120,431 [199]
Uganda 122,591 3,137 95,957 [200][201]
Cyprus[ah] 117,759 551 No data [202]
Cambodia 106,619 2,176 99,134 [203][204]
El Salvador 102,024 3,152 84,981 [205]
Rwanda 96,013 1,226 88,548 [206][207]
China[ai] 95,894 4,636 90,268 [208]
Australia[aj] 92,179 1,196 No data [209]
Cameroon 85,414 1,368 80,433 [210][211]
Maldives 84,103 229 82,208 [212][213]
Singapore 82,860 70 72,411 [214]
Jamaica 81,394 1,809 51,544 [215]
Luxembourg 77,688 835 75,684 [216]
Senegal 73,692 1,849 70,672 [217]
Donetsk PR[ak] 64,031 4,685 50,571 [218]
Malawi 61,453 2,269 53,527 [219]
Cote d'Ivoire 59,408 583 56,995 [220][221]
DR Congo[al] 56,463 1,068 30,858 [222][223]
Transnistria[am] 54,448 1,312 51,607 [224]
Angola 53,840 1,460 46,679 [225]
Fiji 50,447 583 36,460 [226]
Trinidad and Tobago 49,111 1,432 43,597 [227][228]
Eswatini 45,633 1,209 43,586 [229]
French Polynesia 44,612 606 21,469 [230][231]
Madagascar 43,570 958 41,283 [232][233]
Sudan 38,053 2,880 31,943 [234]
Suriname 38,769 825 26,817 [235]
Cape Verde 37,240 332 36,123 [236]
Malta 37,047 456 35,109 [237]
Mauritania 35,661 768 33,967 [238][239]
Syria[an] 30,913 2,136 23,093 [240]
Guinea 30,318 376 28,636 [241]
Guyana 30,186 740 25,702 [242]
Gabon 28,726 178 26,443 [243]
Abkhazia[ao] 27,037 410 22,057 [244]
Togo 24,902 216 21,199 [245]
Haiti 21,486 607 19,284 [246][247]
Benin 21,450 146 17,294 [248][249]
Seychelles 21,257 115 20,657 [250][251]
Laos 20,646 16 8,687 [252]
Bahamas[ap] 20,288 512 18,012 [253]
Somalia[aq] 19,235 1,079 9,250 [254]
Belize 19,185 397 17,065 [255]
Papua New Guinea 19,182 217 18,230 [256]
East Timor 19,125 107 17,699 [257]
Northern Cyprus[ar] 18,967 76 17,765 [258]
Tajikistan 17,084 124 16,960 [259]
Burundi 16,356 12 773 [260]
Curaçao 16,254 158 15,605 [261]
Taiwan[as] 16,168 841 No data [262][263]
Aruba 15,351 160 14,927 [264]
Andorra 15,156 130 14,962 [265]
Mali 15,123 547 14,243 [266]
Mauritius 14,863 60 1,854 [267][268]
Lesotho 14,395 403 6,830 [269]
Guam[at] 14,098 182 10,978 [54][270]
Burkina Faso 14,092 178 13,778 [271]
Congo[au] 14,014 191 8,208 [272][273]
Nicaragua 13,206 202 No data [274]
Djibouti 12,253 162 11,838 [275]
Hong Kong 12,170 213 11,925 [276]
Luhansk PR[ak] 11,936 1,203 8,979 [277]
South Sudan 11,831 121 10,917 [278][279]
Iceland 11,594 33 11,215 [280]
Equatorial Guinea 11,544 140 9,826 [281]
Central African Republic 11,340 100 5,112 [282][283]
Saint Lucia 10,852 169 8,440 [284]
The Gambia 9,900 334 9,540 [285]
Jersey 9,885 78 9,553 [286]
Yemen 8,830 1,664 5,456 [287]
Isle of Man[av] 7,300 38 6,790 [289]
Barbados 6,904 62 4,820 [290]
Eritrea 6,680 41 6,625 [291]
U.S. Virgin Islands 6,557 69 6,265 [292][293]
Sierra Leone 6,393 121 4,376 [294]
Somaliland[aw] 6,106 398 4,648 [295][296]
Guinea-Bissau 6,080 130 5,237 [297][298]
Niger 5,971 201 5,709 [299][300]
Liberia 5,782 283 5,458 [301][302]
South Ossetia[ax] 5,641 60+ 4,788 [303]
Brunei 5,586 32 3,770 [304][305]
Gibraltar 5,497 97 5,330 [306]
San Marino 5,419 90 5,269 [307]
New Caledonia 5,282 57 58 [308]
Chad 5,030 174 4,844 [309]
Bermuda 4,800 45 3,208 [310]
Grenada 4,552 85 2,194 [311][312]
Sint Maarten 4,161 61 3,941 [313]
Comoros 4,110 147 3,946 [314]
New Zealand 3,779 27 3,463 [315]
Liechtenstein 3,436 60 3,332 [316][317]
Monaco 3,300 33 3,234 [318]
São Tomé and Príncipe 3,192 46 2,609 [319]
Dominica 3,134 11 2,575 [320]
Saint Vincent and The Grenadines 3,071 17 2,357 [321]
Artsakh[ay] 3,004 31 337 [322]
Turks and Caicos Islands 2,820 22 2,688 [323]
British Virgin Islands 2,642 37 2,555 [324][325]
Antigua and Barbuda 2,603 55 1,584 [326]
Bhutan 2,599 3 2,593 [327]
Bonaire 1,963 18 1,881 [328]
Saint Kitts and Nevis 1,718 10 965 [329][330]
Guernsey 1,542 19 1,443 [331]
Tanzania 1,367 50 183 [332][333]
Sahrawi Arab DR[az] 1,319 60 996 [334]
USS Theodore Roosevelt[at] 1,102 1 751 [335][336]
Faroe Islands 1,086 2 1,035 [337][338]
Charles de Gaulle[ba] 1,081 0 0 [339]
Cayman Islands 791 2 735 [343]
Diamond Princess[r] 712 14 698 [344][345]
Greenland 541 0 398 [346][347]
Wallis and Futuna 445 7 438 [348]
Anguilla 331 0 317 [349]
Northern Mariana Islands 265 2 32 [350][351]
Costa Atlantica 148 0 148 [352][353]
Greg Mortimer 128 1 No data [354][355]
Falkland Islands 67 0 63 [356]
Macau 63 0 63 [357]
Flag of Antarctica.svg Antarctica 58 0 0 [358]
Montserrat 33 1 30 [359]
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 31 0 31 [360][361]
Vatican City 29 0 27 [362][363]
Sint Eustatius 24 0 23 [364]
Solomon Islands 20 0 18 [365][366]
MS Zaandam[bb] 13 4 No data [369][370]
Coral Princess[bc] 12 3 No data [372]
Saba 11 0 11 [373]
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 11 0 11 [374][375]
SeaDream I[bd] 9 0 No data [376][377]
HNLMS Dolfijn[be] 8 0 8 [378][381]
British Indian Ocean Territory 5 0 2 [382][383]
Palau 5 0 3 [384]
Marshall Islands 4 0 4 [385][386]
American Samoa 4 0 3 [387]
Samoa 3 0 1 [388][389]
Vanuatu 3 0 3 [390][391]
Kiribati 2 0 0 [392][393]
Federated States of Micronesia 2 0 1 [394][395]
As of 16 October 2021 (UTC) · History of cases · History of deaths
For notes, see the Notes section.

Name[change | change source]

In February 2020, the WHO announced a name for the disease caused by SARS-CoV-2: COVID-19. It replaced the name "2019-nCoV."[396] "Covi" is for "coronavirus," "D" for "disease," and "19" for the year 2019 – the year it was first detected. They said they did not want the name to have any person, place, or animal in it because people might blame the disease on that place, person, or animal. For example, it did not use the word "Wuhan." They also wanted the name to be easy to say out loud.[397]

Mortality rate of COVID-19[change | change source]

The current death rate of COVID-19

According to an article in Market Watch dated on February 27, 2020, the overall case mortality rate in China was 2.3%. However, these results might be severely different between different age groups and between men and women. People over the age of 70 experienced a rate of mortality 4-5 times that of the average. Men were more likely to die than women (2.8% versus 1.7% for women) possibly due to lifestyle, such as it being more possible in men to drink and smoke, making the risk of having a respiratory illness more possible, and thus more vulnerable. [398]These numbers were the conclusion of a study by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention using 72,314 COVID-19 cases in mainland China as of Feb. 11. At that point this was the largest sample of cases for such a study.[399]

On March 5, 2020, the WHO released the case fatality rate.[400]

Race and racism[change | change source]

COVID-19 did not affect everyone in each country the same way.[401] As of May 2020, APM Research Lab said the death rate among black Americans was 2.4 times as high as for white Americans and 2.2 times as high as for Latino and Asian Americans.[402] In July 2020, The New York Times printed data from the Centers for Disease Control showing that black and Latino Americans were three times as likely to become sick and twice as likely to die as white Americans. This was not only in large cities but also in rural areas. This was not only for old people but for people in all age groups. Native Americans were also more likely than whites to become sick and die. Asian Americans were 1.3 times as likely as whites to become sick.[403]

Camara Jones, an epidemiologist who once worked for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said this was socioeconomic and not because of any natural difference in black and white people's bodies.[404] In the United States, black citizens are more likely to work jobs where they serve the public directly and to ride on public transport rather than take their own cars to work. This makes them more likely to be infected than people who work in private offices or from home. Sharrelle Barber, an epidemiologist and biostatistician from Drexel University, also said black Americans can live in crowded neighborhoods where social distancing is harder to do and healthy food harder to find.[405] Both Barber and Jones blamed the long history of racism in the United States for these things. Three senators, Kamala Harris, Cory Booker and Elizabeth Warren said the federal government should start recording the race of COVID-19 patients so scientists could study this problem.[405]

In June, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) told the public that people using the United States' government's Medicare health program had different results depending on race. Four times as many black Medicare patients went to hospitals for COVID-19 than white Medicare patients. There were twice as many hospitalized Hispanic patients than white patients. There were three hospitalized Asian patients for every two hospitalized white patients. The head of CMS, Seema Verma, said this was mostly because of socioeconomic status.[406]

In the United Kingdom, twice as many black COVID-19 patients died as white COVID-19 patients. Other non-white people, like people from India and Bangladesh, were also more likely to die of COVID-19 than whites. Britain's Office of National Statistics said that the differences in money and education explained some of this difference but not all of it. They also said they did not know whether non-white patients caught COVID-19 more often or whether they caught more severe cases. Only female Chinese Britons were less likely to die of COVID-19 than white Britons.[407]

Indigenous peoples[change | change source]

Native Americans in the United States have shown more deaths from COVID-19 than the rest of the U.S.[408] As of May, the Navajo Nation had 88 deaths and 2,757 cases, and the money they had been promised by the government arrived several weeks late. Only 30% of the people in the Navajo Nation have pipes with running water, which made it difficult for people to wash their hands.[409]

Scientists from Chapman University made a plan to protect the Tsimane people in Bolivia from COVID-19 and said this plan would also work for other indigenous peoples living on their own land. The scientists said that many indigenous peoples have problems that make COVID-19 more dangerous for them, like poverty, less clean water, and other lung diseases. Hospitals may be a long distance away, and racism can affect the way doctors and nurses react. But they also sometimes have things that help, like traditions of making decisions together and the ability to grow food nearby.[408] The scientists found people who spoke the Tsimane language as a first language and made teams to go to Tsimane towns to warn them about COVID-19. They also used radio stations. They said the best plan was for whole communities to decide to isolate. They found this worked well because the Tsimane already usually made their big decisions together as a community in special meetings and already had a tradition of quarantining new mothers. The Chapman scientists said their plan would also work for other indigenous peoples who also make decisions together, like the Tsimane. [410][408] The Waswanipi Cree in Canada, the Mapoon people in Australia, and many groups in South America already tried plans like these on their own.[408][411]

George Floyd protests[change | change source]

In May 2020, police officers in Minneapolis, Minnesota killed an unarmed black man called George Floyd while they were arresting him. There were weeks of protests all over the world against police brutality and racism. Experts said they were worried protesters and police could spread SARS-CoV-2 to each other. Other experts said some of the reasons that the protests were so big was because non-white people were being killed by COVID-19 more than white people were, because poor leadership in the COVID-19 crisis reminded them of poor leadership about racism, and because the lockdowns shut down workplaces and other things. This meant people had more time to protest.[411] [412][413][414]

African Americans[change | change source]

African Americans are more likely to catch the virus compared to their white counterparts in the United States,[415] and are also more likely to die from it.[416][417] 50,000 African Americans died of COVID-19 in 2020.[418] African Americans are the least likely to get vaccinated against the disease.[419]

Romani people[change | change source]

Romani people (Gypsies) in Europe were hard-hit by COVID-19.[420]

Hispanics[change | change source]

Latinos have been at a higher risk of hospitalization or death from COVID-19 in the United States.[421]

Conspiracy theories[change | change source]

In early 2020, some people began to think that the SARS-CoV-2 may have been made on purpose in a laboratory and either released by accident or on purpose like a weapon. Some Iranians thought the Americans might have made it.[422] Chinese state media said COVID-19 came from the United States to China and not the other way around.[423] Some Americans thought the Chinese might have made it.[424] Some Britons thought it might have been created by accident by 5G cell phone networks.[425]

On March 17, 2020, scientists from Columbia University and other places published a paper in Nature Medicine showing that SARS-CoV-2 was almost surely not made by humans in a laboratory. They did this by comparing the genomes of different viruses to each other.[26] The scientists saw that SARS-CoV-2 did not match any of the viral backbones that already exist for virologists to use.[426] Within a few weeks, it became one of the most cited scientific papers in history, meaning that other scientists were reading and using it.

Graphs[change | change source]

Timelines of COVID-19[change | change source]

Map of national and subnational lockdowns as of 29 November 2020 (table; more details)
  Current national lockdown
  Current subnational lockdown
  Former national lockdown
  Former subnational lockdown
  No lockdown or no data

On December 31, 2019, China alerted WHO to several cases of unusual pneumonia in Wuhan, Hubei province. [429]

On January 20, 2020, Chinese premier Li Keqiang called for efforts to stop and control the pneumonia epidemic caused by a novel coronavirus.[430] As of February 5, 2020, 24,588 cases have been confirmed,[431][432] including in every province-level division of China.[431] A larger number of people may have been infected, but not detected (especially mild cases).[433][434] The first local transmission of the virus outside China occurred in Vietnam between family members,[435] while the first local transmission not involving family occurred in Germany, on January 22, when a German man contracted the disease from a Chinese business visitor at a meeting.[436] As of 5 February 2020, 493 deaths have been attributed to the virus since the first confirmed death on January 9, with 990 recoveries.[437][431] The first death outside China was reported in the Philippines, in a 44-year-old Chinese male on February 1.[438] but another source reported: "The first cases of COVID-19 outside of China were identified on January 13 in Thailand and on January 16 in Japan".[439]

There has been testing which have showed over 6000 confirmed cases in China,[440] some of whom are healthcare workers.[441][442]

Confirmed cases have also been reported in Thailand, South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Macau, Hong Kong, the United States (Everett, Washington and Chicago),[442] Singapore,[443] Vietnam,[444] France[445] and Nepal.[446]

The World Health Organization declared that this is a Public Health Emergency of International Concern since January 30, 2020.

Bloomberg News and other business publications have reported several plant closures, travel restrictions, and imposed quarantines as a result of this outbreak.[447]

As of February 10, 2020 there have been 40,235 confirmed cases reported of people infected by the virus in China. Also reported were 909 deaths, and 319 cases in 24 other countries, including one death, according to WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.[448]

On November 14, 2020, there were 53,853,718 global COVID-19 cases and 1,311,524 deaths with cases in 217 countries and territories.[449]

China[change | change source]

  • The first cases of COVID-19 were detected in Wuhan, Hubei, Mainland China in December of 2019.[450]
  • On Feb. 4, 2020, the Seattle Times reported that Around 2020 Chinese new year authorities closed down travel from China to Macau. As a result visits fell eighty percent.[451]
  • Feb 6, 2020, the COVID-19 whistleblower, Li Wenliang, dies of the disease.
  • On February 6, 2020, according to Chinese authorities, a man from the United States who tested positive for the virus died.[452]
  • On February 25, 2020 the Asian Scientist Magazine reported Chinese Scientists Sequence Genome Of COVID-19 [453]
  • According to the European Centre for Disease Prevention, China had the largest number of confirmed cases and deaths on March 1, 2020.[454]
  • On March 3, 2020 Science (journal) reported:
    • China built two new hospitals in one week just for patients of COVID-19
    • The article praised the way China has handled this crisis, but said "draconian" measures were used to achieve success.[455]
  • On March 6, 2020, CNN reported that a hotel used as a COVID-19 quarantine center collapsed. Seventy people were trapped in a collapsed Quanzhou hotel.[456]
  • The Chinese economy was greatly affected by the virus, and many factories shut down during the spike of cases in China during the early months of the pandemic.[457]
  • As of October 30, 2020, the number of cases of the virus in China were generally going down, with only 771 new cases being reported in the month of October.[458]

United States[change | change source]

  • The first case of COVID-19 in the United States was detected in a man from the state of Washington on January 21, 2020.[459]
  • On February 27, 2020, US President Donald Trump appointed Vice President Mike Pence to lead the US response to COVID-19.[460]
  • On February 29, 2020, the first death in the US was reported from the state of Washington.[461]
  • On March 3, 2020 CBS reported 15 states with confirmed cases.[462]
  • Movements such as elbow bumps began replacing handshakes , as handshakes spread the virus and bacteria more.[463]
  • On March 6, 2020, the CDC announced that one million test kits would be distributed.[464][465]
  • On March 9, 2020, the US stock market was approaching bear territory.[466]
  • On March 9, 2020, there were also scattered reports that some were quarantined while their household members were not.[467]
  • On March 10, 2020, the United States Secretary of Health and Human Services, Alex Azar, said that it is was not known how many Americans tested positive for the virus. This was because many of the test kits went out to private companies.[468]
  • On March 10, 2020, the governor of New York, Andrew Cuomo, announced that the city of New Rochelle was the largest cluster of COVID-19 cases in the state. Among other things done to contain the virus in New Rochelle, the National Guard was sent to the city to hand out food and disinfect buildings.[469]
  • On March 26, the United States surpass Italy and China's cases, becoming the epicenter for a while.[470]
  • On April 3, 2020, the CDC first recommended the use of cloth face coverings by the general public to reduce the spread of the virus in places such as grocery stores and pharmacies.[471]
  • On April 11, the U.S became the most death in the world. [472]
  • On July 22, 2020, the United States surpassed 1,000 daily COVID-19 deaths for a second time.[473]
  • On September 22, 2020, the United States reached 200,000 deaths from the virus.[474]
  • Between September to October, there was a COVID-19 outbreak at the White House, causing many officials to be diagnosed with the infection, including President Donald Trump and First Lady Melania Trump.[475]
  • In December 2020, California surpassed over 30,000 new cases in a day.[476]
  • On December 11, 2020, the Food and Drug Administration said doctors could give people the Pfizer vaccine.[32][34]
  • On December 14, 2020, the State of New York gave people the first vaccines, starting with health care workers.[32][34]
  • On December 26, 2020, California had a record breaking 65,055 new cases in a day after Christmas.[477]
  • California became the first state to surpass 2 million cases in December 2020.[478]

Economic effects of COVID-19 in the United States[change | change source]

Italy[change | change source]

  • On February 27, 2020, according to the EU Observer, a dozen towns in the northern regions of Lombardy and Veneto were under lockdown, with around 50,000 citizens not allowed to leave, and over 200 reported cases of COVID n Italy.[483]
  • On March 4, 2020, according to the Guardian , the Italian government has ordered the closing of all of Italy's schools and universities until 15 March, 2020[484]
  • On March 5, 2020 the Guardian reported: "Italian educational institutions close as Covid-19 deaths pass 100"[485]
  • On March 8, 2020, Al Jazeera reported that after a daily infection rate of 1,247 cases, Lombardy together with ten other areas were sealed off to try to quarantine 16 million people.[486] The cities of Milan and Venice were in the quarantined area. [487]
  • On March 10, 2020, it was reported that Italy was under quarantine.[488][489]
  • On October 5, 2020, Italy imposed a new lockdown and set of restrictions after previously relaxing them. This was due to a second wave of cases that was even worse than the one in spring.[490]

Iran[change | change source]

  • On 28 February 2020, the BBC reported COVID-19 deaths in Iran were at least 210.[491]
  • March 3, 2020 multiple Iranian government officials including deputy health minister Iraj Harirchi and vice president of women and family affairs Masoumeh Ebtekar, who served as a spokesperson during the Iran hostage crisis, had contracted COVID-19.[492][493]

Canada[change | change source]

  • The first case of COVID-19 in Canada was detected in a man from Toronto on January 25, 2020.[494]
  • On March 12, 2020, Sophie Grégoire Trudeau, the wife of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, tested positive for coronavirus. The Prime Minister and his wife isolated for 14 days.[495]
  • On April 6, 2020, Canada’s Chief Public Health Officer, Theresa Tam, said that people should use simple cloth facemasks to help slow the spread of the virus.[496]
  • On May 1, 2020, Canada surpassed 200 daily coronavirus deaths.[497]
  • On November 12, 2020, Canada surpassed 5,000 daily COVID-19 cases.[497]
  • On December 26, 2020, Canada confirmed first two cases of mutant coronavirus strain from England.[498]

South Africa[change | change source]

CoViD-19 outbreak cases in South Africa.png
  • The new coronavirus strain, called the 501.V2 Variant, was first discovered in South African province Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and Western Cape. It spreads more rapidly.[499]

Australia[change | change source]

New Zealand[change | change source]

  • The first case of COVID-19 in New Zealand was detected in late February 2020 in a person in their 60s.[501]
  • On March 24, 2020, New Zealand reported over 100 daily coronavirus cases for the first time.[502]
  • From April to November 2020, New Zealand reported between 0 to 50 daily cases.[502]
  • Between August 25, 2021 and August 31, 2021, the whole of New Zealand had been temporarily increased to its maximum lockdown level, Level 4, due to the delta variant.[503] Most of the cases during August 2021 were originated from New South Wales.[504] As of September 6, 2021, all of New Zealand has dropped to Level 2, while Auckland remains at Level 4.[503]

Cruise ships[change | change source]

  • On the Diamond Princess cruise ship, out of 3,711 total passengers and crew members, 621 people, or 17% of all the people on board the ship tested positive for COVID-19. The ship ended its quarantine on February 18th.[505]

Africa[change | change source]

Food and hunger[change | change source]

The pandemic made it more difficult for millions of people all over the world to get enough food. People lost their jobs, so they did not have money to buy food. Farms were shut down, so there was less food made. Processing plants and food factories were shut down, so less food was made ready for people to eat.[507]

In April, Arif Husain of the United Nations' World Food Program said that 130 million more people could go hungry, in addition to the 135 million who were already hungry before the pandemic began. He said that poorer countries would be more affected than rich countries because the way they move raw food from farms to cities and other places where people live is less organized and relies more on human beings than on automatic systems.[507]

This hunger crisis is different from crises in other years because it happened to the whole world at the same time. That meant that people working in other countries could not help by sending money home.[507][508]

All over the world, children who ate meals at school had less access to food when the schools were shut down.[507]

Scientists from the University of Michigan said the pandemic was making it harder for people to find food. In a study published in May, they said one in seven Americans over age 50 said they had trouble getting enough food before the pandemic, and it got worse when senior centers that provided meals were closed.[509] Federal and state governments started programs to bring food to older people and children. There were also more food donation drives in towns.[508]

Old people[change | change source]

In the United States, nursing homes had some of the highest rates of infection and death,

40% of all COVID-19 deaths in the country. Nursing homes are group homes for old people who need medical care, for disabled people who need medical care, and for people recovering from severe sickness or injury, like stroke patients.

Many people who live in nursing homes pay through the government program Medicaid, which pays less than Medicare or regular insurance companies. In June, many American nursing homes were caught throwing their regular patients out so they could make room for COVID-19 patients who could pay them more. Because nursing homes had stopped allowing visitors, it took longer for them to get caught. United States law requires nursing homes to warn patients 30 days before kicking them out, but the nursing homes did not do this.

Some of the nursing homes took the COVID-19 patients because state governments asked them to and they say they sent their elderly residents away because they were worried they would catch COVID-19 from the sick patients.[510]

Environment[change | change source]

Because so many governments told people to stay at home, there was less air pollution than usual for that time of year. Pollution in New York fell by 50% and the use of coal in China fell by 40%.[511] The European Space Agency showed pictures taken from a satellite of China's pollution disappearing during quarantine and coming back when everyone went back to work.[512]

The pandemic and shutdowns made people use less electricity. In the United States, people got less of their electricity from coal power but kept using gas and renewable power like wind and solar power. This was because coal plants are more expensive to run, so power companies used them less.[513]

Pollution from before the pandemic also affected what happened after people became sick. Scientists saw that more people died from COVID-19 in places with large amounts of air pollution. One team of scientists from Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg looked at air pollution information from satellites and statistics on COVID-19 deaths in Italy, France, Germany and Spain and saw that places with large amounts of nitrogen dioxide pollution had more people die from COVID-19. Nitrogen dioxide can damage the lungs.[514][515]

The shutdowns and social distancing also affected animals. Human beings started staying at home about the same time in the spring when sea turtles like to come on land to lay their eggs. Turtle scientists in the United States and Thailand both reported more nests than usual on seashores in Florida and Phuket. They say it is because people are not coming to the beach or bringing their dogs to the beach and because there are fewer boats in the water nearby. Scientists also say they see more dugong and dolphins.[516][517][518] With fewer cars driving down roads, salamanders, frogs, and other amphibians were able to cross them for their spring migration. According to citizen scientists from Big Night Maine, a group that watches amphibians, four amphibians made it across the roads alive for every one amphibian killed by cars. Most years, it is only two to one.[519]

Not all ocean mammals did well. According to marine biologists in Florida, manatee deaths in April and May were 20% higher than in 2019. They say this was because many people decided to go boating because other things to do were closed.[520]

Stopping the next pandemic[change | change source]

Researchers from the San Diego Zoo Global had the idea for a system that people could use to find dangerous germs before they become pandemics or even before they jump from other animals to humans. They said it was important to watch the wildlife trade, like in the Wuhan wet market. The scientists said that over the past eleven years it has gotten easier and easier to sequence viral genomes, and it does not have to be done by a large lab or by a government any more. The scientists said it would be better to spread the work out among more people.[521][522]

Prevention and treatment[change | change source]

Avoiding traveling and staying home will greatly reduce your risk from catching COVID-19. Staying home doesn't apply if one is sick and needs medical care. Get enough rest and stay hydrated.[523] Wearing a mask and washing your hands can prevent the virus from spreading.[524] Masks should not be placed on children under 2 years of age, people who have trouble breathing, have a respiratory or other medical condition which renders one unable to wear a mask safely, or anyone who is unable to remove the mask without help. Covering coughs and sneezes also reduce the risk of spreading the virus, but one can infect someone else by touching things with coughed/sneezed-in hands. Making sure not to share drinking glasses, cups and particularly other objects which people will drink or eat out of is important if one assumes they are infected or tested positive in the past. Washing eating utensils and other oral eating objects is preferable and cleaning surfaces or possessions which have been repeatedly touched is also important. These include, according to the Centers For Disease Control and Prevention, phones, remote controls, counters, tabletops, doorknobs, bathroom fixtures, toilets, keyboards, tablets, and bedside tables. Avoiding touching your face, nose, or mouth with your hands. Avoiding public transportation, taxis or taking rides with others can stop one's exposure to the virus. [523] Rumors spread about high doses of Vitamin C preventing COVID-19, but these as of October 14, 2020, there has been no conclusive evidence to support this idea.[525] However, there has been evidence pointing to the fact that dosing patients with Vitamin C, either through mouth or IV can reduce time on mechanical ventilators for seriously ill patients by 14%.[526]Drinking tea such as black tea and green tea can inhibit the virus.[527] Staying home for the holidays, having a small gathering of close friends and family members who are consistently taking measures to reduce the spread of COVID-19 and celebrating virtually through social media can prevent being infected by the virus. Airports, bus stations, train stations, public transport, gas stations, and rest stops are all places travelers can be exposed to catching the virus.[528] Eating a healthy diet that is high in fruits and vegetables, getting rest and sleep, exercising, consuming raw honey, probiotics, garlic, mushrooms and elderberry can boost the immune system.[529] Playing video games to pass time during quarantine can prevent the virus from spreading.[530] Flavanols and proanthocyanidins which are chemicals found in dark chocolate, grapes and green tea may block SARS-CoV-2 proteins.[531] Places you are most likely to catch the virus are churches, hair and nail salons, cruise ships, hospitals and the doctor’s office, restaurants and bars, theaters, sporting events, concert venues, buses, restrooms, elevators, the gym, airplanes, hotels, public swimming pools, nightclubs and the beach.[532] Vaccinated people still need to wear a mask.[533] Flying in a private jet can prevent the spread of coronavirus.[534] Smoking marijuana and tobacco can further damage your lungs.[535] Getting vaccinated can prevent new virus strains.[536]

List of terminology associated with COVID-19[change | change source]

  • SARS-CoV-2 is the virus that causes COVID-19
  • 2019-nCoV is the old name for SARS-CoV-2
  • Coronavirus disease 2019 is the complete name for COVID-19
  • community spread is the spread of the disease without a known travel connection
  • clusters are groups of COVID-19 cases in which many people in the same area became infected with COVID-19

Notes[change | change source]

  1. In summary, this article is about the coronavirus pandemic, which is caused by the disease COVID‑19, which is caused by the virus SARS‑CoV‑2.[1]
  2. To summarize, this article is about the pandemic, which is caused by the disease COVID-19, which is caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2.
  3. Location: Countries, territories, and international conveyances where cases were diagnosed. The nationality of the infected and the origin of infection may vary. For some countries, cases are split into respective territories and noted accordingly.
  4. Cases: This number shows the cumulative number of confirmed human cases reported to date. The actual number of infections and cases is likely to be higher than reported.[47] Reporting criteria and testing capacity vary between locations.
  5. Deaths: Reporting criteria vary between locations.
  6. Recoveries: May not correspond to actual current figures and not all recoveries may be reported. Reporting criteria vary between locations and some countries do not report recoveries.
  7. The worldwide totals for cases, deaths and recoveries are taken from the Johns Hopkins University Coronavirus Resource Center. They are not sums of the figures for the listed countries and territories.
  8. United States
    1. Figures include cases identified on the Grand Princess.
    2. Figures do not include the unincorporated territories of Puerto Rico, U.S Virgin Islands, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and American Samoa, all of which are listed separately.
    3. Not all states or overseas territories report recovery data.
    4. Cases include clinically diagnosed cases as per CDC guidelines.[48]
    5. Recoveries and deaths include probable deaths and people released from quarantine as per CDC guidelines.[49][50][51]
    6. Figures from the United States Department of Defense are only released on a branch-by branch basis since April 2020, without distinction between domestic and foreign deployment, and cases may be reported to local health authorities.[52]
    7. Cases for the USS Theodore Roosevelt, previously docked in Guam, were reported separate from national figures but included in the Navy's totals.
    8. There is also one case reported from Guantanamo Bay Naval Base not included in any other nation or territory's counts.[53] Since April 2020, the United States Department of Defense has directed all bases, including Guantanamo Bay, to not publish case statistics.[52]
  9. United Kingdom
    1. Excluding all British Overseas Territories and Crown dependencies.
    2. As of 23 March 2020, the UK government does not publish the number of recoveries. The last update on 22 March reported 135 recovered patients.[58]
  10. Russia
    1. Including cases from the disputed Crimea and Sevastopol.
    2. Excluding cases from the Diamond Princess cruise ship, which are classified as "on an international conveyance".
  11. France
    1. Including overseas regions of French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion, and collectivities of Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin.
    2. Excluding collectivities of New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Saint Pierre and Miquelon and Wallis and Futuna.
    3. Recoveries only include hospitalized cases.[61]
    4. Figures for total confirmed cases and total deaths include data from both hospital and nursing home (ESMS: établissements sociaux et médico-sociaux).[61]
  12. Turkey
    1. From 29 July to 24 November 2020, the Ministry of Health did not publish the total number of positive cases. Instead, symptomatic coronavirus cases were shown as "patients".[63][64] The ministry began to report the daily numbers of previously unreported cases on 25 November, announced the total number of cases in the country on 10 December 2020, and started to include asymptomatic and mildly symptomatic cases (who are usually considered recovered after 10 days of isolation[65]) in the number of recoveries on 12 December 2020.
  13. Argentina
    1. Excluding confirmed cases on the claimed territory of the Falkland Islands. Since 11 April 2020, the Argentine Ministry of Health includes them in their official reports.[68]
  14. Spain
    1. The figure for cases excludes serology–confirmed cases.
    2. As of 19 May 2020, the Spanish government does not publish the number of recoveries. The last update on 18 May reported 150,376 recovered patients.
  15. Germany
    1. Not all state authorities count recoveries.[74]
    2. Recoveries include estimations by the Robert Koch Institute.[74][75]
  16. Ukraine
    1. Excluding cases from the disputed Crimea and Sevastopol. Cases in these territories are included in the Russian total.
    2. Excluding cases from the disputed territories of the Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics.
  17. Netherlands
    1. The Kingdom of the Netherlands consists of a) the Netherlands* [the country as opposed to the kingdom; listed here], which in turn includes the Caribbean Netherlands, that are made up of the special municipalities Bonaire*, Saba* and Sint Eustatius*; b) Aruba*; c) Curaçao*; and d) Sint Maarten*. All regions marked with an asterisk are listed separately.
    2. The Dutch Government agency RIVM, responsible for the constituent country the Netherlands, does not count its number of recoveries.[85]
  18. 18.0 18.1 Diamond Princess and Japan
    1. The British cruise ship Diamond Princess was in Japanese waters, and the Japanese administration was asked to manage its quarantine, with the passengers having not entered Japan. Therefore, this case is included in neither the Japanese nor British official counts. The World Health Organization classifies the cases as being located "on an international conveyance".
  19. Chile
    1. Including the special territory of Easter Island and cases reported in the Chilean Antarctic Territory.
    2. The Chilean Ministry of Health considered all cases as "recovered" after 14 days since the initial symptoms of the virus, regardless of the health situation of the infected or if succeeding tests indicate the continuing presence of the virus. The only exceptions are casualties, which are not included as recovered.[91]
    3. Deaths include only cases with positive PCR tests and catalogued as a "COVID-19 related death" by the Civil Registry and Identification Service. This number is indicated in the daily reports of the Ministry of Health. A report with the total number of deaths, including suspected cases without PCR test, is released at least weekly since 20 June 2020.[92] In the latest report (20 August 2021), the total number of deaths is 47,199.[93]
  20. Canada
    1. On 17 July 2020, the Canadian province of Quebec revised its criteria on recoveries. The Institut National de Santé Publique claims that "the previous method resulted in 'significant underestimations' of recovered cases."[95] This change resulted in a drop of active cases nationwide, from a total of 27,603 on 16 July to 4,058 on 17 July.[96]
  21. Israel
    1. Including cases from the disputed Golan Heights.
    2. Excluding cases from the Occupied Palestinian Territories.
  22. Belgium
    1. The number of deaths also includes untested cases and cases in retirement homes that presumably died because of COVID-19, whilst most countries only include deaths of tested cases in hospitals.[104]
  23. Morocco
    1. Including cases in the disputed Western Sahara territory controlled by Morocco.
    2. Excluding the de facto state of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
  24. Serbia
    1. Excluding cases from the disputed territory of Kosovo.
  25. Switzerland
    1. Recoveries are estimates by the Tribune de Genève.
  26. Cuba
    1. Includes cases on the MS Braemar.
    2. Excluding cases from Guantanamo Bay, which is governed by the United States.
  27. Georgia
    1. Excluding the de facto states of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
  28. Azerbaijan
    1. Excluding the self-declared state of Artsakh.
  29. Denmark
    1. The autonomous territories of the Faroe Islands and Greenland are listed separately.
  30. Egypt
    1. Includes cases identified on the MS River Anuket.
  31. Moldova
    1. For the disputed territory of Transnistria, cases reported by the Republic of Moldova as part of the Transnistria autonomous territorial unit are included, while cases reported by the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic are not included.
  32. Norway
    1. Estimation of the number of infected:
      • As of 23 March 2020, according to figures from just over 40 per cent of all GPs in Norway, 20,200 patients have been registered with the "corona code" R991. The figure includes both cases where the patient has been diagnosed with coronavirus infection through testing, and where the GP has used the "corona code" after assessing the patient's symptoms against the criteria by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.[177]
      • As of 24 March 2020, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health estimates that between 7,120 and 23,140 Norwegians are infected with the coronavirus.[178]
  33. Finland
    1. Including the autonomous region of the Åland Islands.
    2. The number of recoveries is an estimate based on reported cases which were reported at least two weeks ago and there is no other monitoring data on the course of the disease.[192] The exact number of recoveries is not known, as only a small proportion of patients have been hospitalised.[193]
  34. Cyprus
    1. Including the British Overseas Territory of Akrotiri and Dhekelia.
    2. Excluding de facto state of Northern Cyprus.
  35. China
    1. Excluding 205 asymptomatic cases under medical observation as of 19 December 2020.
    2. Asymptomatic cases were not reported before 31 March 2020.
    3. Excluding Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
    4. Does not include Taiwan.
  36. Australia
    1. Excluding the cases from Diamond Princess cruise ship which are classified as "on an international conveyance". Ten cases, including one fatality recorded by the Australian government.
  37. 37.0 37.1 Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republic
    1. Note that these territories are distinct from the Ukraine-administered regions of the Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts.
  38. DR Congo
  39. Transnistria
    1. Excluding cases reported by the Republic of Moldova as part of the Transnistria autonomous territorial unit.
  40. Syria
    1. Excluding cases from the disputed Golan Heights.
  41. Abkhazia
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Georgia.
  42. Bahamas
    1. Some of these deaths may still be under investigation as stated in the Ministry's press release.
  43. Somalia
    1. Excluding the de facto state of Somaliland.
  44. Northern Cyprus
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Cyprus.
  45. Taiwan
    1. Including cases from the ROCS Pan Shi.
  46. 46.0 46.1 Guam and USS Theodore Roosevelt
    1. Cases for the USS Theodore Roosevelt, currently docked at Guam, are reported separately.
  47. Congo
    1. Also known as the Republic of the Congo and not to be confused with the DR Congo.
  48. Isle of Man
    1. Recoveries are presumed. Defined as "An individual testing positive for coronavirus who completes the 14 day self-isolation period from the onset of symptoms who is at home on day 15, or an individual who is discharged from hospital following more severe symptoms."[288]
  49. Somaliland
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Somalia.
  50. South Ossetia
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Georgia.
  51. Artsakh
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Azerbaijan.
  52. Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Morocco.
  53. Charles de Gaulle
    1. Including cases on the escort frigate
    2. Chevalier Paul.
    3. Florence Parly, Minister of the Armed Forces, reported to the National Assembly's National Defense and Armed Forces Committee that 2010 sailors of the carrier battle group led by Charles de Gaulle had been tested, with 1081 tests returning positive so far.[339] Many of these cases were aboard Charles de Gaulle, some of the cases were reportedly aboard French frigate Chevalier Paul, and it is unclear if any other ships in the battle group had cases on board.[340][341][342]
  54. MS Zaandam
    1. Including cases from MS Rotterdam.
    2. The MS Rotterdam rendezvoused with the Zaandam on 26 March off the coast of Panama City to provide support and evacuate healthy passengers. Both have since docked in Florida.[367][368]
    3. MS Zaandam and Rotterdam's numbers are currently not counted in any national figures.
  55. Coral Princess
    1. The cruise ship Coral Princess has tested positive cases since early April 2020 and has since docked in Miami.[371]
    2. Coral Princess's numbers are currently not counted in any national figures.
  56. SeaDream I
    1. SeaDream I's numbers are currently not counted in any national figures.
  57. HNLMS Dolfijn
    1. All 8 cases currently associated with Dolfijn were reported while the submarine was at sea in the waters between Scotland and the Netherlands.[378]
    2. It is unclear whether the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) is including these cases in their total count, but neither their daily update details nor their daily epidemiological situation reports appear to have mentioned the ship, with a breakdown of cases listing the twelve provinces of the country of the Netherlands (as opposed to the kingdom) accounting for all the cases in the total count.[379][380]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Naming the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and the virus that causes it". World Health Organization (WHO).
  2. "Coronavirus very likely of animal origin, no sign of lab manipulation: WHO". Reuters. 21 April 2020. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  3. Lau SK, Luk HK, Wong AC, Li KS, Zhu L, He Z, et al. (April 2020). "Possible Bat Origin of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2". Emerging Infectious Diseases. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 26 (7): 1542–1547. doi:10.3201/eid2607.200092. ISSN 1080-6059. OCLC 1058036512. PMC 7323513. PMID 32315281. S2CID 216073459.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Novel Coronavirus—China". World Health Organization (WHO). Archived from the original on 14 January 2020. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "COVID-19 Dashboard by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University (JHU)". ArcGIS. Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  6. "Coronavirus disease 2019". World Health Organization. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "WHO Director-General's opening 7remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19—11 March 2020". World Health Organization. 11 March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  8. Hui, David S.; Azhar, Esam EI; Madani, Tariq A.; Ntoumi, Francine; Kock, Richard; Dar, Osman; Ippolito, Giuseppe; Mchugh, Timothy D.; Memish, Ziad A.; Drosten, Christian; Zumla, Alimuddin (14 January 2020). "The continuing epidemic threat of novel coronaviruses to global health – the latest novel coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, China". International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 91: 264–266. doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2020.01.009. ISSN 1201-9712.
  9. "Undiagnosed pneumonia - China (HU) (01): wildlife sales, market closed, RFI Archive Number: 20200102.6866757". Pro-MED-mail. International Society for Infectious Diseases. Archived from the original on 22 January 2020. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  10. Cohen, Jon; Normile, Dennis (17 January 2020). "New SARS-like virus in China triggers alarm". Science. 367 (6475): 234–235. doi:10.1126/science.367.6475.234. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 31949058. Archived from the original on 17 January 2020. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  11. Parry, Jane (20 January 2020). "China coronavirus: cases surge as official admits human to human transmission". British Medical Journal. 368. doi:10.1136/bmj.m236. ISSN 1756-1833.
  12. 12.0 12.1 "COVID-19 Map". Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  13. "Coronavirus COVID-19 Global Cases". Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  14. "Coronavirus Update (Live): 307,627 Cases and 13,050 Deaths from COVID-19 Virus Outbreak—Worldometer". www.worldometers.info.
  15. "Q & A on COVID-19". European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  16. 16.0 16.1 "Q&A on coronaviruses". World Health Organization. 11 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  17. 17.0 17.1 "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)—Transmission". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  18. "Symptoms of Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)". US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 10 February 2020. Retrieved 11 February 2020.
  19. "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 11 February 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  20. "Covid: Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine approved for EU states". BBC News. 2020-12-21. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
  21. Reuters, Source: (2020-12-30). "'Safety first': UK health regulatory officials approve Oxford vaccine – video". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2021-01-05.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  22. "Which countries have rolled out COVID vaccine?". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
  23. CNN, Emma Reynolds, Stephanie Halasz, Frederik Pleitgen and Lindsay Isaac. "UK becomes first country to authorize Pfizer/BioNTech's Covid-19 vaccine, first shots roll out next week". CNN. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
  24. 24.0 24.1 "FAQ: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)". World Health Organization. 12 October 2020. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  25. "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 11 February 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  26. 26.0 26.1 University of Sydney (March 26, 2020). "Unlocking the Genetic Code of the Novel Coronavirus: How COVID-19 Made the Leap From Animals to Humans". SciTech Daily. Retrieved March 29, 2020.
  27. https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/world-news/coronavirus-could-started-market-koala-21346952
  28. https://www.livescience.com/first-case-coronavirus-found.html
  29. https://www.nytimes.com/article/coronavirus-timeline.html
  30. https://www.scmp.com/magazines/post-magazine/travel/article/3047888/china-coronavirus-unchecked-flow-chinese-tourists
  31. Denise Grady (November 16, 2020). "Early Data Show Moderna's Coronavirus Vaccine Is 94.5% Effective". New York Times. Retrieved January 16, 2021.
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 Richard Pérez-Peña (December 12, 2020). "How the Vaccine Rollout Will Compare in Britain, Canada and the U.S." New York Times. Retrieved December 14, 2020.
  33. Benjamin Mueller (December 8, 2020). "As U.K. Begins Vaccinations, a Glimpse of Life After Covid". New York Times. Retrieved December 14, 2020.
  34. 34.0 34.1 34.2 "America begins its most ambitious vaccination campaign". New York Times. December 14, 2020. Retrieved December 14, 2020.
  35. COVID-19 deaths worldwide as of May 17, 2021, by country
  36. Total number of U.S. coronavirus (COVID-19) cases as of May 17, 2021, by state
  37. "Novel Coronavirus". World Health Organization (WHO). Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
  38. "27 cases of viral pneumonia reported in central China's Wuhan City". news.cgtn.com. Archived from the original on 2020-03-10. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  39. "Mystery pneumonia virus probed in China". BBC News. 3 January 2020. Archived from the original on 5 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  40. "Coronavirus may have been in Wuhan in August, study suggests". 9 June 2020. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  41. "Laboratory testing for 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in suspected human cases". World Health Organization (WHO). Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  42. Rothan HA, Byrareddy SN (May 2020). "The epidemiology and pathogenesis of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak". Journal of Autoimmunity. 109: 102433. doi:10.1016/j.jaut.2020.102433. PMC 7127067. PMID 32113704.
  43. Julia Naftulin, Business Insider (26 January 2020). "Wuhan Coronavirus Can Be Infectious Before People Show Symptoms, Official Claims". sciencealert.com. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  44. "Symptoms of Coronavirus". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
  45. "Influenza (flu) - Symptoms and causes". Mayo Clinic. Retrieved 2020-12-04.
  46. Eurekalert.org (May 4, 2020). "New COVID-19 guidance for gastroenterologists". Press release. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-05/aga-ncg050420.php. Retrieved May 4, 2020. 
  47. Lau H, Khosrawipour V, Kocbach P, Mikolajczyk A, Ichii H, Schubert J, et al. (March 2020). "Internationally lost COVID-19 cases". Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection [Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran Zia Zhi]. 53 (3): 454–458. doi:10.1016/j.jmii.2020.03.013. PMC 7102572. PMID 32205091.
  48. CDC (7 May 2020). "Cases in U.S." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  49. CDC (23 April 2020). "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the U.S." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  50. CDC (11 February 2020). "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  51. CDC (11 February 2020). "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  52. 52.0 52.1 Borunda D. "Coronavirus: Fort Bliss stops releasing numbers of COVID-19 cases after Pentagon order". El Paso Times. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  53. "Naval Station Guantanamo Bay Announces Positive COVID-19 Case". www.navy.mil. Naval Station Guantanamo Bay, Cuba Public Affairs. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  54. 54.0 54.1 "COVID-19/Coronavirus Real Time Updates With Credible Sources in US and Canada". 1point3acres. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  55. "COVID-19 India". Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (India) 1 October 2021.
  56. "Painel Coronavírus" (in Portuguese). Ministry of Health (Brazil). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  57. "Em queda, média móvel é de 718 mortes diárias por Covid; total de vítimas passa de 576 mil". G1 (in Portuguese). 25 August 2021. Retrieved 25 August 2021.
  58. "Historic data". Public Health England. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  59. "Coronavirus (COVID-19) in the UK". coronavirus.data.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  60. Оперативные данные [Operational data]. Стопкоронавирус.рф (in Russian). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  61. 61.0 61.1 61.2 "info coronavirus covid-19". Gouvernement.fr (in French). Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  62. "COVID-19 : bilan et chiffres clés en France". www.santepubliquefrance.fr (in French). Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  63. "Turkey has only been publishing symptomatic coronavirus cases - minister". Reuters. 30 September 2020. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  64. "Turkey announces asymptomatic coronavirus case numbers for first time since July". Reuters. 25 November 2020. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
  65. COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2 Enfeksiyonu) Temaslı Takibi, Salgın Yönetimi, Evde Hasta İzlemi ve Filyasyon (PDF) (in Turkish). Turkish Ministry of Health. 7 December 2020. p. 17.
  66. "Turkiye COVID-19 Hasta Tablosu". covid19.saglik.gov.tr. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  67. "COVID-19 kills 317 more Iranians over past 24 hours". IRNA. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  68. Niebieskikwiat N (13 April 2020). "Coronavirus en Argentina: los casos de las Islas Malvinas se incluirán en el total nacional". Clarín (in Spanish).
  69. "Información epidemiológica" [Epidemiologic information] (in Spanish). Ministerio de Salud. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  70. "Coronavirus Colombia". Instituto Nacional De Salud. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  71. "La pandemia del coronavirus, en datos, mapas y gráficos". RTVE (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  72. "COVID-19 ITALIA" [COVID-19 ITALY]. opendatadpc.maps.arcgis.com (in Italian). Protezione Civile. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  73. "Peta Sebaran". COVID-19 Handling and National Economic Recovery Committee. Retrieved 16 October 2021.
  74. 74.0 74.1 74.2 "Wie sich das Coronavirus in Ihrer Region ausbreitet" [How the coronavirus affects your region] (in German). Zeit Online. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  75. 75.0 75.1 "Corona-Karte Deutschland: COVID-19 live in allen Landkreisen und Bundesländern". Tagesspiegel (in German). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  76. "Covid-19 Mexico" (in Spanish). Instituciones del Gobierno de México. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  77. "Ministerstwo Zdrowia" (in Polish). Ministry of Health (Poland). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Twitter.
  78. "COVID-19 Statistics in South Africa". sacoronavirus.co.za. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  79. "COVID-19 Case Bulletin". Department of Health (Philippines). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  80. "COVID-19 Tracker". Department of Health (Philippines). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  81. "Coronavirus epidemic monitoring system". National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  82. Ministry of Health (Peru) (22 September 2021). "Sala Situacional COVID-19 Perú" (in Spanish).
  83. "Resultados de busqueda". gob.pe (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  84. "Confirmed COVID-19 Cases [Data for Malaysia]". COVIDNOW. Ministry of Health (Malaysia). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  85. "Coronavirus in the Netherlands: the questions you want answered". Dutch News. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  86. "Actuele informatie over het nieuwe coronavirus (COVID-19)" (in Dutch). RIVM. 30 August 2021. Retrieved 30 August 2021.
  87. "Statistieken over het Coronavirus en COVID-19". allecijfers.nl. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  88. الموقف الوبائي والتلقيحي اليومي لجائحة كورونا في العر [The daily epidemiological and vaccination situation of the Corona pandemic in Iraq] (in Arabic). Ministry of Health of Iraq. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Facebook.
  89. "Aktuálně o koronavirus" (in Czech). Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  90. 新型コロナウイルス感染症の現在の状況と厚生労働省の対応について [About the current situation of new coronavirus infection and the response of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare] (in Japanese). Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (Japan). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  91. Vega, Matías (25 May 2020). ""Recuperados" podrían estar en la UCI: Mañalich aclara que cuentan a quienes dejan de contagiar". BioBioChile (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  92. "Gobierno informa 3.069 fallecidos sospechosos de Covid-19". Cooperativa.cl (in Spanish). 20 June 2020. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  93. "Informe Epidemiológico 148 – Enfermedad por SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19)" (PDF). Department of Statistics and Health Information – Ministry of Health of Chile (in Spanish). 20 August 2021. Retrieved 22 August 2021.
  94. "Casos confirmados COVID-19". Gobierno de Chile (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  95. Shah, Maryam (17 July 2020). "88% of Canada's coronavirus cases are considered recovered". Global News. Archived from the original on 18 July 2020. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  96. Forani, Jonathan. "Active coronavirus cases in Canada plummet as Quebec changes recovery criteria". CTV News. Archived from the original on 18 July 2020. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  97. "Tracking every case of COVID-19 in Canada". CTV News. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  98. করোনা ভাইরাস ইনফো ২০১৯ [COVID-19 info]. corona.gov.bd (in Bengali). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  99. "কোভিড-১৯ ট্র্যাকার" [COVID-19 Tracker]. covid19tracker.gov.bd. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  100. "COVID-19 Outbreak". Bangkok Post. 20 September 2021. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  101. ไทยรู้สู้โควิด (in Thai). Ministry of Health (Thailand). 20 September 2021. Retrieved 20 September 2021 – via Twitter.
  102. נגיף הקורונה בישראל – תמונת מצב כללית [Corona virus in Israel] (in Hebrew). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  103. "COVID-19 Situation". covid.gov.pk. Government of Pakistan. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  104. "Nieuw gemor over Belgische rapportering coronadoden". De Tijd. 20 April 2020.
  105. "COVID-19 – Epidemiologische situatie". Sciensano (in Dutch). Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  106. "Coronavirus COVID-19" (in Dutch). Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  107. "Comunicate de presă" [Press release] (in Romanian). Ministry of Internal Affairs (Romania). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  108. "Antal fall av covid-19 i Sverige – data uppdateras 11:30 och siffrorna är tillgängliga 14:00". Public Health Agency of Sweden – Official statistics at arcgis (in Swedish). Retrieved 23 September 2021. Lay summaryAntal fall av covid-19 – Statistik – antal fall covid-19. Data updated daily at 11:30 [CEST]
  109. "Ponto de Situação Atual em Portugal" (in Portuguese). Direção-Geral da Saúde. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  110. "COVID-19 RELATÓRIO DE SITUAÇÃO" (in Portuguese). Direção-Geral da Saúde. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Facebook.
  111. "Le Portail Officiel du Coronavirus au Marocco". Ministère de la santé (in French). Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  112. "Latest Information about COVID-19 in the Republic of Serbia". covid19.rs. Ministry of Health (Serbia). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  113. Ситуация с коронавирусом официально [The situation with the coronavirus is official]. coronavirus2020.kz (in Russian). Kazinform. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  114. Қазақстан Республикасы Денсаулық сақтау министрлігі [Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan] (in Kazakh). Ministry of Health (Kazakhstan). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  115. "Current situation in Switzerland". Federal Office of Public Health. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  116. "Cas d'infection au Sars-CoV-2 en Suisse". Tribune de Genève (in French). Retrieved 24 December 2020.
  117. "Nota informativa sobre la COVID-19 en Cuba" [Information note on COVID-19 in Cuba] (in Spanish). Ministerio de Salud (Cuba). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  118. @MINSAPCuba (22 September 2021). "Coronavirus en Cuba" [Coronavirus in Cuba] (Tweet) (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 September 2021 – via Twitter.
  119. "Tájékoztató oldal a koronavírusról". koronavirus.gov.hu. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  120. "COVID-19 Statistical report". Ministry of Health (Jordan). 31 August 2021. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  121. @mohgovjo (22 September 2021). "COVID-19 Statistical report in Jordan" (Tweet). Retrieved 22 September 2021 – via Twitter.
  122. "COVID-19 Dashboard". Ministry of Health and Population (Nepal). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  123. "UAE Coronavirus (COVID-19) Updates". National Emergency Crisis and Disaster Management Authority (UAE). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  124. "Bundesministerium für Inneres: Aktuelle Zahlen zum Corona-Virus" (in German). Innenministerium. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  125. "Cổng Thông Tin Của Bộ Y Tế Về Đại Dịch COVID-19" [Portal Of The Ministry Of Health About COVID-19 Pandemic] (in Vietnamese). Ministry of Health (Vietnam). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  126. "The main figures" (in Arabic). 21 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021 – via Ministère de la santé وزارة الصحة (Tunisia) on Facebook.
  127. Δεδομένα για τον κορωνοϊό στην Ελλάδα - Τελευταία Ενημέρωση [Coronavirus data in Greece - Latest Update]. Υπουργείο Υγείας (in Greek). Government of Greece. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  128. الجمهورية اللبنانية – وزارة اﻹعلام – الموقع الرسمي لمتابعة أخبار فيروس الكورونا في لبنان [The Lebanese Republic - Ministry of Information - The official website to follow up on the news of the Corona virus in Lebanon] (in Arabic). Ministry of Information (Lebanon). 30 July 2021. Retrieved 31 July 2021.
  129. "COVID-19 surveillance in Lebanon". Ministry of Public Health - Lebanon. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Twitter.
  130. "StopCOV.ge". Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  131. "COVID 19 Dashboard: Saudi Arabia" (in Arabic). Ministry of Health (Saudi Arabia). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  132. "Coronavirus" (in Spanish). Ministerio de Salud Pública (Guatemala). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  133. "За сутки в Беларуси зарегистрированы 1973 пациента с COVID-19, выписаны 1523". Belarusian Telegraph Agency (in Russian). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  134. "Situacion Nacional Covid-19" (in Spanish). Ministerio de Salud (Costa Rica). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  135. "COVID-19 : Live Situational Analysis Dashboard of Sri Lanka". Health Promotion Bureau (Sri Lanka). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  136. "Epidemiology Unit". Ministry of Health (Sri Lanka). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  137. "Situatión epidemiológica COVID-19, National" (PDF) (in Spanish). Ministerio de Salud Pública. 19 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  138. "Inicio". Ministerio de Salud y Deportes de Bolivia (in Spanish). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  139. "COVID-19 in Bulgaria". coronavirus.bg. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  140. "Azərbaycanda cari vəziyyət" [Current situation in Azerbaijan]. koronavirusinfo.az (in Azerbaijani). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  141. "Ministerio de Salud de Panamá". Ministry of Health (Panama). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Twitter.
  142. "COVID-19" (in Spanish). Ministry of Public Health and Social Welfare (Paraguay). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  143. "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Surveillance Dashboard (Myanmar)". Ministry of Health and Sports (Myanmar). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  144. "COVID 19 Updates". Ministry of Health (Kuwait). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  145. "Coronavirus (COVID-19) in the Slovak Republic in numbers". korona.gov.sk. National Health Information Center. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  146. "Službena stranica Vlade". Croatian Institute of Public Health. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  147. "Visualizador de casos coronavirus COVID-19 en Uruguay" (in Spanish). Sistema Nacional de Emergencias. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  148. فايروس كورونا (COVID-19) في فلسطين [Corona Virus (COVID-19) in Palestine]. corona.ps (in Arabic). 20 September 2021. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  149. "Ireland's COVID-19 Data Hub – Confirmed Headline Figures". Department of Health (Ireland). 23 September 2021.
  150. "Secretaría de Salud" (in Spanish). Secretary of Health (Honduras). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Twitter.
  151. "Coronavirus en Honduras" (in Spanish). Secretaria de Salud de Honduras. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  152. "Estadísticas Venezuela". MPPS COVID Patria (in Spanish). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  153. "Homepage". Dominican Today. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  154. "Tal og overvågning af COVID-19" (in Danish). Sundhedsstyrelsen (Danish Health Authority). 17 September 2021. Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  155. "Statens Serum Institut – COVID-19 – Danmark" (in Danish). Statens Serum Institut (State Serum Institute). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  156. "Covid-19". covid19.et (in Amharic). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  157. البوابة الجغرافية لمراقبة انتشار فيروس كورونا في ليبيا [The geographical portal to monitor the spread of the corona virus in Libya] (in Arabic). National Centre of Disease Control (Libya). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  158. "Relevant information about Coronavirus (COVID-19)". Government of the Republic of Lithuania. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  159. "COVID-19 ligos apžvalga Lietuvoje" [COVID-19 disease review in Lithuania]. gislithuania.maps.arcgis.com (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  160. "Covid-19 cases in Oman". Ministry of Health (Oman). 31 August 2021. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  161. @OmaniMOH (23 September 2021). "Statement No. 437" (Tweet) (in Arabic). Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Twitter.
  162. الصحة:أعلنت وزارة الصحة والسكان [The Ministry of Health and Population announced] (in Arabic). Egyptian Ministry of Health and Population. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Facebook.
  163. "Coronavirus Disease-19, Republic of Korea". ncov.mohw.go.kr. Ministry of Health and Welfare (South Korea). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  164. "Statistični pregled koronavirusa v Sloveniji" [Statistical review of coronavirus in Slovenia]. www.rtvslo.si (in Slovenian). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  165. "Coronavirus disease COVID-19". Ministry of Health (Slovenia). 24 May 2021. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
  166. "COVID-19 în Republica Moldova: situaţia la zi" [COVID-19 in the Republic of Moldova: current situation]. gismoldova.maps.arcgis.com (in Romanian). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  167. "Daily COVID-19 Report". Ministry of Health (Bahrain). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  168. Հաստատված դեպքերն ըստ օրերի [Confirmed cases by days] (in Armenian). NCDC Armenia. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  169. "Mongolian COVID-19 Coronavirus Tracker". covid19mongolia.mn. Ministry of Health (Mongolia). 9 September 2021. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
  170. "Ministry of Health". Ministry of Health (Kenya). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Twitter.
  171. "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)". Ministry of Public Health (Qatar). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  172. "COVID-19 in Bosnia and Herzegovina". Ministry of Civil Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  173. @ZMPublicHealth (23 September 2021). "Daily Status Update" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  174. "NCDC Covid-19 Page". Nigeria Centre for Disease Control. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  175. "Coronavirus nombre de cas en Algérie". coronavirus-statistiques.com. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  176. "Real-time Coronavirus condition in North Macedonia". gdi.net (in Macedonian). Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  177. Venli V (23 March 2020). "20.200 personer registrert med korona-diagnose" [20,200 people registered with a corona diagnosis]. NRK.
  178. Kristensen M (24 March 2020). "FHI: 23.000 kan være koronasmittet". NRK.
  179. Nilsen AS, Skjetne OL, Sfrintzeris Y, Røset HH, Hunshamar C, Fraser S, Løkkevik O. "Live: Corona-viruset sprer seg i Norge og verden". VG Nett. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  180. Информации (in Russian). Ministry of Health (Kyrgyz Republic). 26 August 2021. Retrieved 26 August 2021.
  181. Коронавирусная инфекция (COVID-19) [Coronavirus infection (COVID-19)]. coronavirus.uz (in Russian). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  182. "COVID-19 Botswana Dashboard". covid19portal.gov.bw. Government of Botswana. 14 August 2021. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  183. "Coronavirus Albania Statistika" (in Albanian). Agjencia Kombëtare e Shoqerisë së Informacionit. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  184. "Covid-19". Koha Ditore (in Albanian). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  185. "Afghanistan Covid-19 Cases". Ministry of Public Health (Afghanistan). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  186. "Covid-19 izplatība Latvijā" [Distribution of Covid-19 in Latvia]. covid19.gov.lv (in Latvian). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  187. "Information about Coronavirus disease COVID-19". Estonian Health Board. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  188. "Koroonaviiruse andmestik". Estonian Health Board. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  189. "Início". covid19.ins.gov.mz (in Portuguese). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  190. "Covid-19 en Cifras en Puerto Rico (Estadísticas)" [Covid-19 in Figures in Puerto Rico (Statistics)] (in Spanish). Departamento de Salud de Puerto Rico. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  191. "Puerto Rico COVID-19". bioseguridad.maps.arcgis.com (in Spanish). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  192. "Tilannekatsaus koronaviruksesta" [Situation report on the coronavirus]. Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  193. Särkkä H (1 April 2020). "HUS:n ylilääkäri: Suomessa satoja koronasta parantuneita – vanhimmat yli 80-vuotiaita". Ilta-Sanomat (in Finnish). Retrieved 17 April 2020.
  194. "Situation update on coronavirus [Finland's situation in brief]". Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  195. "Varmistetut koronatapaukset Suomessa (COVID-19)". experience.arcgis.com. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  196. @MoHCCZim (22 September 2021). "COVID-19 Daily Update" (Tweet). Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Twitter.
  197. "Statistički podaci o COVID/19" [Statistical data of COVID-19]. covidodgovor.me (in Montenegrin). Government of Montenegro. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  198. "Summary of the national update". Ministry of Health and Social Services (Namibia). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Facebook.
  199. "COVID-19 Updates". Ghana Health Service. 16 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  200. "MoH Uganda: COVID-19 Information Portal". covid19.gou.go.ug. Ministry of Health (Uganda). 31 July 2021. Retrieved 31 July 2021.
  201. Ministry of Health- Uganda [@MinofHealthUG] (23 September 2021). "Covid-19 Daily Updates" (Tweet). Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Twitter.
  202. "COVID-19 Spread in Cyprus". covid19.ucy.ac.cy. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  203. "ចំនួនករណីឆ្លងជំងឺកូវីដសរុប" [Total number of coronavirus infections] (in Khmer). Ministry of Health (Cambodia). 7 August 2021. Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  204. "ក្រសួងសុខាភិបាលនៃព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា" [Ministry of Health of the Kingdom of Cambodia] (in Khmer). Ministry of Health of the Kingdom of Cambodia. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Facebook.
  205. "SITUACIÓN NACIONAL". covid19.gob.sv (in Spanish). Ministry of Health (El Salvador). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  206. "Covid-19 Rwanda Cases". Rwanda Biomedical Centre. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  207. Rwanda Ministry of Health [@RwandaHealth] (22 September 2021). "Amakuru Mashya Update" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  208. 截至9月22日24时新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情最新情况 [The latest situation of the novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic as of 24:00 on September 22] (in Chinese). National Health Commission. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  209. "Coronavirus (COVID-19) current situation and case numbers". Australian Government Department of Health. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  210. "STATISTIQUES COVID-19". covid19.minsante.cm (in French). 8 April 2021. Retrieved 28 April 2021.
  211. "Covid-19 dashboard". WHO. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  212. "COVID-19 Statistics Dashboard". Ministry of Health (Maldives). 31 August 2021. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  213. @HPA_MV (23 September 2021). "Coronavirus in Maldives" (Tweet). Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Twitter.
  214. "COVID-19 Situation Report [Current Situation]". Ministry of Health (Singapore). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  215. "COVID-19 Clinical Management Summary". Ministry of Health and Wellness (Jamaica). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  216. "Coronavirus: COVID-19". Government of Luxembourg. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  217. "Coronavirus : Riposte à l'épidémie : Tableau Récapitulatif des dons"" (in French). Ministry of Health and Social Action (Senegal). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  218. По состоянию на 10:00 22 сентября всего 64031 заболевших инфекцией COVID-19 на территории Донецкой Народной Республики. mzdnr.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  219. "Covid 19 National Information Dashboard". Ministry of Health and Population (Malawi). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  220. "COVID -19: point de la situation de la maladie à coronavirus du 02 aout 2021". sante.gouv.ci. 2 August 2021. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  221. "Ministère de la Santé et de l'Hygiène Publique". 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Facebook.
  222. "Situation Épidémiologique Covid-19 En Republique Democratique du Congo au 21 août 2021". CMR COVID-19. 2021-08-21. Retrieved 2021-08-22.
  223. "Democratic Republic of the Congo: WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard". covid19.who.int. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  224. Коронавирус: официальная информация по Приднестровью [Coronavirus: official information on Transnistria]. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  225. "Últimos dados sobre o COVID-19" (in Portuguese). COMISSÃO INTERMINISTERIAL DE ANGOLA - CISP. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  226. "COVID-19 Updates". Ministry of Health and Medical Services. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  227. "Trinidad and Tobago COVID-19 (Novel Coronavirus) UPDATE#740". health.gov.tt. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  228. "Ministry of Health, Trinidad & Tobago: COVID-19 Tracker". experience.arcgis.com. Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via ArcGIS Dashboards.
  229. @EswatiniGovern1 (23 September 2021). "COVID-19 Update" (Tweet). Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Twitter.
  230. "Point de situation sur le Coronavirus". presidence.pf. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  231. "French Polynesia: WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard". covid19.who.int. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  232. "Situation Covid-19". Ministry of Public Health (Madagascar). 20 June 2021. Retrieved 20 June 2021.
  233. "Madagascar: WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard". covid19.who.int. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  234. التقرير الوبائي التراكمي ليوم الأحد 11 يوليو 2021م (in Arabic). 20 September 2021. Retrieved 21 September 2021 – via Facebook.
  235. "COVID-19". COVID SURINAME (in Dutch). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  236. "Situação Atual" [Current Situation]. covid19.cv (in Portuguese). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  237. "Official COVID-19 figures". Ministry of Health (Malta). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  238. "Mauritania COVID-19 Situation Report 2021-04-18AR". Ministère de la Santé Mauritania. 18 April 2021.
  239. حالة اليوم [Today's Status] (in Arabic). Ministère de la Santé du Mauritania. 22 September 2021 – via Facebook.
  240. "Syrian Arab Republic". Syrian Ministry of Health. 20 September 2021. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  241. "Situation du coronavirus en Guinée" [Coronavirus situation in Guinea] (in French). Agence Nationale de Sécurité Sanitaire. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  242. "Home". Ministry of Health (Guyana). Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  243. "Situations Épidémiologique au Gabon" [Epidemiological Situations in Gabon]. infocovid.ga (in French). Comité de Pilotage du Plan de Veille. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  244. "ОПЕРШТАБ: ДИАГНОЗ COVID-19 ПОДТВЕРЖДЁН У 106 ЧЕЛОВЕК, ТРИ ЛЕТАЛЬНЫХ СЛУЧАЯ". Apsnypress. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  245. "Situation au Togo" [Situation in Togo]. covid19.gouv.tg (in French). Government of Togo. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  246. "COVID-19 : Situation en Haiti". Ministère de la Santé Publique et de la Population du Republique d'Haiti. Retrieved 24 July 2021.
  247. "COVID-19 : Situation en Haiti". Ministère de la Santé Publique et de la Population du Republique d'Haiti. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  248. "Coronavirus (Covid-19)" (in French). Gouvernement de la République du Bénin. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  249. "Ministère de la Santé du Bénin" (in French). Ministère de la Santé du Bénin via Facebook. 7 September 2021. Retrieved 7 September 2021.
  250. "COVID-19 Local Situation". Ministry of Health (Seychelles). 26 June 2021. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  251. "COVID-19 in Seychelles". Ministry of Health (Seychelles). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  252. "ຄະນະສະເພາະກິດເພື່ອປ້ອງກັນ, ຄວບຄຸມ ແລະ ແກ້ໄຂການລະບາດ: ຂອງພະຍາດອັກເສບປອດ ຈາກເຊື້ອຈຸລະໂລກສາຍພັນໃຫມ່ (COVID-19)" [Task Force to Prevent, Control and Address Outbreaks: New strain of pneumonia (COVID-19)]. covid19.gov.la (in Lao). Laos Coronavirus Task Force. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  253. "COVID-19 Report Update #543". Ministry of Health (Bahamas). Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  254. "COVID-19 Dashboard, Somalia". Ministry of Health (Somalia). 21 September 2021. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  255. "Belize COVID-19 Cumulative Report". Ministry of Health and Wellness (Belize). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Facebook.
  256. "Covid-19 In PNG Statistics". covid19.info.gov.pg. Joint Agency Task Force National Control Centre for COVID-19, Government of Papua New Guinea. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  257. "[Current Situation] COVID-19 cases in Timor-Leste". COVID-19 Timor-Leste Dashboard. 21 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  258. "KKTC Sağlık Bakanlığı". saglik.gov.ct.tr (in Turkish). Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  259. "Tajikistan: КОРОНАВИРУС (COVID-19) Dashboard". covid.tj. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
  260. "Burundi: WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard". covid19.who.int. Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  261. "39 new COVID-19 cases; 1791 tested". Curacao Chronicle. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  262. "COVID-19 全球即時疫情地圖". 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  263. "新增7例COVID-19確定病例,分別為1例本土及6例境外移入". 22 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  264. "Casonan di Corona Virus na Aruba 23 di September 2021". www.arubacovid19.org (in Papiamento and English). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  265. "Coronavirus updates". www.govern.ad (in Catalan). Govern d'Andorra. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  266. "Du Ministere de la sante et du développement social sur le suivi des actions de prevention et de riposte face a la maladie a coronavirus" [From the Ministry of Health and Social Development On Monitoring Prevention and Response Actions Facing Coronavirus Disease]. sante.gov.ml (in French). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  267. "COVID-19 Updates & News in Mauritius". covid19mu.com. Ministry of Health and Wellness (Mauritius). 17 July 2021. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  268. "Mauritius: WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard". covid19.who.int. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  269. @nacosec (26 August 2021). "Lesotho COVID-19 Statistics" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  270. "JIC RELEASE NO. 797". ghs.guam.gov. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  271. "Service d'Information du Gouvernement – Burkina Faso" (in French). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Facebook.
  272. "WHO daily Report". www.who.int. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  273. "Ministere de la Sante, de la Population, de la Promotion de la Femme et de l'integration de la Femme au Developpement". www.sante.gouv.cg. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  274. "Estadísticas de COVID-19 en Nicaragua" [COVID-19 statistics in Nicaragua] (in Spanish). Observatorio Ciudadano. 15 September 2021. Retrieved 19 September 2021 – via Ministerio de Salud (Nicaragua).
  275. "Communique De Presse COVID-19". 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Ministere de la Santé de Djibouti on Facebook.
  276. "Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) in HK". Hong Kong: Department of Health. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  277. Всего по состоянию на 09:00 23 сентября [Total as of 09:00 September 23]. mzlnr.su (in Russian). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  278. "Update on COVID-19 Response". Ministry of Health Republic of South Sudan. 2021-09-06. Retrieved 2021-09-08.
  279. "South Sudan: WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard". covid19.who.int. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  280. "COVID-19 á Íslandi – Tölfræði". www.covid.is (in Icelandic). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  281. "Covid 19 de Guinea Ecuatorial" [Covid 19 in Equatorial Guinea] (in Spanish). Guinea Ecuatorial Salud. 21 September 2021. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  282. "WHO daily Report". www.who.int. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  283. Ministère de la Santé et de la Population [@MSPCentrafrique] (10 October 2020). "Communiqué de Presse" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  284. "Saint Lucia's COVID-19 Dashboard [Statistics]". Ministry of Health and Wellness (Saint Lucia). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  285. "The Gambia COVID-19 Outbreak Situational Report". Ministry of Health (The Gambia). 17–19 September 2021. Retrieved 21 September 2021.CS1 maint: date format (link)
  286. "Coronavirus (COVID-19) cases". States of Jersey. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  287. @YSNECCOVID19 (September 23, 2021). آخر إحصائيات انتشار فيروس #كورونا في #اليمن#معا_لمواجهة_كورونا [Latest virus spread statistics] (Tweet) (in Arabic). Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Twitter.
  288. "Coronavirus update". Isle of Man Government. Retrieved 19 January 2021 – via Facebook.
  289. "Latest updates". Isle of Man Government. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  290. "COVID-19 Update: 168 New Cases, 881 In Isolation, 3 Deaths". Barbados GIS. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  291. "Announcement from the Ministry of Health". Eritrea Ministry Of Information. Retrieved 2021-09-21.
  292. "COVID-19". USVI Department of Health. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  293. "Governor Bryan Ends Beach Curfew, Eases COVID-19 Restrictions for Restaurants". Government of the United States Virgin Islands. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  294. "The Ministry of Information and Communication – Sierra Leone". Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Facebook.
  295. "Warbixinta Maalinlaha Jamhuriyadda Somaliland ee Covid-19". Ministry Of Health Development Somaliland (MoHD) via Facebook (in Somali). Ministry Of Health Development Somaliland (MoHD). Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  296. "Wasaaradda Horumarinta Caafimaadka JSL". Somaliland COVID-19 (in Somali). Ministry Of Health Development Somaliland (MoHD). Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  297. "Dashboard Bissau Covid". Dados Bissau (in Portuguese). Retrieved 19 September 2021.
  298. "Boletim Epidemiológico Semanal de 14 a 20 de Junho de 2021 Nr.52". Alto Comissariado para a Covid-19. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  299. "Press release from the Minister of Public Health". Niger Ministry of Public Health. 2021-04-29. Retrieved 2021-05-01.
  300. "Communiqué du 22/09/2021" (in French). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Ministère de la Santé du Niger on Facebook.
  301. "Liberia COVID-19 Daily Case Update By County". 2 August 2021. Retrieved 3 August 2021 – via National Public Health Institute of Liberia (NPHIL) on Facebook.
  302. "COVID-19 SITUATION REPORTS". 17 September 2021. Retrieved 20 September 2021 – via National Public Health Institute of Liberia (NPHIL).
  303. В «красной зоне» инфекционной больницы Южной Осетии лечатся 65 пациентов с COVID-19 [65 patients with COVID-19 are being treated in the "red zone" of the Infectious Diseases Hospital of South Ossetia]. RES (in Russian). 22 September 2021.
  304. Ministry of Health (Brunei) (7 May 2021). "One new import case COVID-19 reported today, 07 May 2021" (PDF). Press release. http://www.moh.gov.bn/Lists/Latest%20news/NewDispForm.aspx?ID=867&Source=http%3A%2F%2Fwww%2Emoh%2Egov%2Ebn%2FLists%2FLatest%2520news%2FAllItems%2Easpx&ContentTypeId=0x0104009A3003A09F8D6E42981D262E322516A2. Retrieved 7 May 2021. 
  305. "Latest News". Ministry of Health (Brunei). Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  306. @GibraltarGov (23 September 2021). "Coronavirus: COVID-19 Information" (Tweet). Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Twitter.
  307. "Aggiornamento settimanale epidemia COVID-19 e Campagna Vaccinale - 20 settembre 2021". Istituto per la Sicurezza Sociale di San Marino. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  308. "Info coronavirus Covid-19". gouv.nc (in French). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  309. "Communiqué N* 524 de la Coordination Nationale de Riposte Sanitaire" (in French). Ministère de la Santé Publique du Tchad. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Facebook.
  310. "Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)". Government of Bermuda. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  311. "GRENADA RECORDS THREE MORE COVID-19 CASES". Ministry of Health (Grenada). 13 August 2021. Retrieved 14 August 2021.
  312. "COVID-19 Update COVID-19 Grenada Dashboard". Ministry of Health (Grenada) via Facebook. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  313. "COVID-19 update September 22, 2021". Government of Sint Maarten. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  314. Coordination Comores Contre COVID-19 (21 September 2021). "Pandémie COVID-19/Union des Comores Communiqué N°360".
  315. "COVID-19 – current cases". Ministry of Health (New Zealand). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  316. "Ministerium für Gesellschaft" (in German). 31 July 2021. Retrieved 31 July 2021.
  317. "Situationsbericht zu COVID-19 im Fürstentum Liechtenstein" (PDF) (in German). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  318. "Covid-19 : 1 nouveau cas positif et 3 guérisons ce jeudi 23 septembre". Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  319. "Situação Actual em São Tomé e Príncipe" [Current Situation in São Tomé and Príncipe]. covid.ms.gov.st (in Portuguese). Ministério da Saúde (São Tomé e Príncipe). 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  320. "Dominica Coronavirus Update". Ministry of Health, Wellness and New Health Investment Response to COVID-19 (Commonwealth of Dominica). 21 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  321. "Latest News". Government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Ministry of Health, Wellness and the Environment. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  322. В Арцахе подтвержден один случай заболевания коронавирусом [One case of coronavirus confirmed in Artsakh]. Armenpress (in Russian). 26 August 2021.
  323. "TCI COVID-19 DASHBOARD 22 September 2021". Government of Turks and Caicos. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  324. "Coronavirus COVID-19". Government of the Virgin Islands. 8 September 2021. Retrieved 9 September 2021 – via Facebook.
  325. "Ministry Of Health Reports Three More COVID Related Deaths". Government of the Virgin Islands. 23 July 2021. Retrieved 24 July 2021.
  326. "Home". COVID19.gov.ag. Government of Antigua and Barbuda. 18 September 2021. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  327. "COVID-19 In Bhutan". Government of Bhutan. Retrieved 19 September 2021.
  328. "Numbers Bonaire COVID-19". Openbaar Lichaam Bonaire. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021 – via Facebook.
  329. "Government of St. Kitts and Nevis – COVID – 19 Updates". Retrieved 2021-09-22.
  330. "St.Kitts-Nevis COVID-19 Situation Report No. 465". Government of St. Kitts and Nevis. 7 July 2021. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  331. "COVID-19 Coronavirus – Testing results". www.gov.gg. St Peter Port: Public Health Services (Guernsey). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  332. "Covid-19: Tanzania updates will resume after improvements at national laboratory". THECITIZEN (in French). Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  333. "United Republic of Tanzania: WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard". covid19.who.int. Retrieved 2021-08-10.
  334. فيروس كورونا: تسجيل 76 حالة إصابة جديدة ، 03 حالات وفاة خلال 72 ساعة الأخيرة [Corona Virus: 76 new cases were recorded, 03 deaths in the last 72 hours] (in Arabic). Sahara Press Service. Retrieved 2021-08-07.
  335. "U.S. Navy COVID-19 Updates". Navy Live. 12 April 2020. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  336. "USS Theodore Roosevelt resumes operations more than two months after COVID-19 outbreak began". The San Diego Union-Tribune. 4 June 2020.
  337. "Numbers in the Faroe Islands". corona.fo. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  338. "Overvågning af COVID-19" (in Danish). Statens Serum Institut (State Serum Institute). 6 November 2020. Retrieved 6 November 2020.
  339. 339.0 339.1 "Florence Parly s'exprime devant les députés de la commission de la Défense nationale et des forces armées". defense.gouv.fr. 17 April 2020.
  340. @Armees_Gouv (15 April 2020). "Le 13 avril au soir, tous les éléments du groupe aéronaval ont rejoint leurs bases. ▶️ Une suspicion d'épidémie de #Covid19 à bord a motivé la décision immédiate de @florence_parly d'anticiper son retour alors qu'il avait déjà atteint ses objectifs opérationnels. ➕ d'infos ⤵️" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  341. "Coronavirus : près de 700 marins positifs au Covid-19, la majorité sur le porte-avions Charles de Gaulle". francebleu.fr. 15 April 2020.
  342. "Twenty sailors hospitalised after Covid-19 hits French aircraft carrier". RFI. 16 April 2020.
  343. "COVID-19 Statistics For The Cayman Islands". Cayman Islands Government. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  344. 国内感染者1万6395人 死者773人(クルーズ船除く)新型コロナ. nhk.or.jp (in Japanese). 20 May 2020.
  345. "How lax rules, missed warnings led to Japan's second coronavirus cruise-ship hot spot". Reuters. 7 May 2020. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  346. "Coronavirus i Grønland" (in Danish and Kalaallisut). Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  347. "Overvågning af COVID-19" (in Danish). Statens Serum Institut (State Serum Institute). 27 November 2020. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
  348. "Covid info n°62 du 21 mai 2021 / Actualités / Accueil - Les services de l'État à Wallis et Futuna". www.wallis-et-futuna.gouv.fr. Retrieved 2021-05-23.
  349. "COVID-19 Dashboard [Statistics]". COVID-19 : The Anguillian Response. 17 September 2021. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
  350. "CNMI COVID-19 Dashboard". 15 October 2020. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  351. "Northern Mariana Islands (Commonwealth of the): WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard". covid19.who.int. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  352. @ngs_ken_iryou (25 April 2020). 令和2年4月25日(土)18時現在、長崎県内の新型コロナウイルス感染症状況 (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  353. "Virus-hit Italian cruise ship leaves Nagasaki". The Japan Times.
  354. "Nearly 130, Including Australians, On Antarctic Cruise Ship Have Coronavirus". 10daily. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  355. "El Sinae confirmó décimo fallecido y 528 casos positivos". radiouruguay.uy.
  356. "COVID-19: Information and Guidance". Falkland Islands Government. 1 September 2021. Retrieved 2 September 2021.
  357. "Special webpage against Epidemics". www.ssm.gov.mo. 14 September 2021. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  358. "Reportan brote de coronavirus en base chilena en la Antártida". infobae (in Spanish). 2020-12-21. Retrieved 2020-12-21.
  359. "Covid-19". Government of Montserrat. 19 September 2021. Retrieved 19 September 2021.
  360. "Bulletin de veille sanitaire du 13 septembre 2021". www.saint-pierre-et-miquelon.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 16 September 2021.
  361. "Saint Pierre and Miquelon: WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard". covid19.who.int. Retrieved 28 April 2021.
  362. "Dichiarazione del Direttore della Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, Matteo Bruni, 06.06.2020". Official The Holy See website. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  363. "Vaticano, nuovo caso di positività al Covid-19". vaticannews.va. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  364. "Government of Sint Eustatius". Government of Sint Eustatius. Retrieved 2021-09-04 – via Facebook.
  365. "Solomon Islands: WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard". covid19.who.int. Retrieved 2021-04-18.
  366. "New COVID-19 Case Reported". Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  367. Hines M, Deerwester J. "Holland America ships caught in COVID-19 pandemic dock in Florida; here's how disembarkation will work". USA Today. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  368. "Statement Regarding Zaandam". Holland America Blog. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  369. "Deal is done: Cruise ship with sick passengers and sister ship will be allowed to dock in Florida". NBC News. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  370. "Indonesian crew member of virus-hit Zaandam cruise ship dies in Florida". South China Morning Post. 10 April 2020. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  371. Freeman M. "After two deaths on board, Coral Princess cruise ship gets Miami welcome". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  372. "Passengers on the Coral Princess are still trying to get home". CNN Travel. 1 January 2021. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  373. "COVID-19 Update". Government of Saba. Retrieved 4 September 2021 – via Facebook.
  374. "COVID-19 Response Level Reduced to Level 1 AMBER". Retrieved 2021-09-09.
  375. "Coronavirus (COVID-19) IEG Update". St Helena Government. 2021-05-14. Retrieved 2021-04-26.
  376. "Seven COVID-19 Cases On SeaDream 1". Barbados Government Information Service. 14 November 2020. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
  377. Hunter, Marnie; Oppmann, Patrick (17 November 2020). "SeaDream cancels remaining 2020 cruises following Covid outbreak". CNN. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
  378. 378.0 378.1 "Zr.Ms. Dolfijn breekt reis af vanwege corona – Nieuwsbericht – Defensie.nl". www.defensie.nl (in Dutch). 30 March 2020.
  379. "RIVM De zorg voor morgen begint vandaag". www.rivm.nl (in Dutch).
  380. "Actuele informatie over het nieuwe coronavirus (COVID-19)". www.rivm.nl.
  381. "Bemanning onderzeeboot Dolfijn na corona-besmetting weer uit isolatie". Noordhollands Dagblad (in Dutch). Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  382. "In the Studio with Capt. Blizzard". AFN Diego Garcia. Retrieved 2021-05-19 – via Facebook.
  383. "In the Studio with Capt. Blizzard". AFN Diego Garcia. Retrieved 2021-05-19 – via Facebook.
  384. Palau Ministry of Health (20 September 2021). "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report" (PDF). palauhealth.org. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  385. "Marshall Islands: WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard". covid19.who.int. Retrieved 2021-04-28.
  386. "RMI Covid-19 Update". RMI Ministry of Health and Human services. 21 April 2021. Retrieved 28 April 2021 – via Facebook.
  387. "Covid-19 positive sailor in American Samoa port". Radio New Zealand. 21 December 2020. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  388. "Samoa records first positive Covid test result". Stuff. 27 November 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  389. "Samoa: WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard". covid19.who.int. Retrieved 2021-06-01.
  390. "Vanuatu Ministry of Health Covid-19 Updates". Vanuatu Ministry of Health COVID-19 Updates. 2021-04-22. Retrieved 2021-05-22.
  391. "Vanuatu Situation Report #38 – 3 June 2021" (PDF). Vanuatu Ministry of Health COVID-19 Updates. 2021-06-13. Retrieved 2021-06-05.
  392. Radio Kiribati. "Kiribati crew confirmed with Covid-19". Retrieved 2021-05-21 – via Facebook.
  393. Radio Kiribati. "Kiribati confirms second Covid-19 case". Retrieved 2021-05-21 – via Facebook.
  394. "MV Chief Mailo Returns to FSM After More Than One Year Abroad; One Isolated But Confirmed Case of COVID-19 on Board, Citizens Encouraged To Keep Distance From the Vessel & Quarantine Sites Until Further Notice". gov.fm. 2021-01-08. Archived from the original on 10 January 2021. Retrieved 2021-01-09.
  395. FSM National Government (24 July 2021). "COVID-19 Case in Kosrae Deemed Historical & Non-Infectious; Individual to Remain Isolated, Tested Further, for 14 Days; "Get Vaccinated Today", Says President Panuelo". gov.fm. Retrieved 30 July 2021.
  396. Brett Dahlberg and Elena Renken (February 11, 2020). "New Coronavirus Disease Officially Named COVID-19 By The World Health Organization". NPR. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  397. Sanya Mansoor (February 11, 2020). "What's in a Name? Why WHO's Formal Name for the New Coronavirus Disease Matters". Time. Retrieved February 13, 2020.
  398. Bwire, George M. (2020-06-04). "Coronavirus: Why Men are More Vulnerable to Covid-19 Than Women?". Sn Comprehensive Clinical Medicine: 1–3. doi:10.1007/s42399-020-00341-w. ISSN 2523-8973. PMC 7271824. PMID 32838138.
  399. Will coronavirus kill you? Why fatality rates for COVID-19 vary wildly depending on age, gender, medical history and country - MarketWatch
  400. Coronavirus death rate: The latest estimate, explained - Vox
  401. Sujata Gupta (April 9, 2020). "Why African-Americans may be especially vulnerable to COVID-19". Science News. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  402. "The color of coronavirus: COVID-19 deaths by race and ethnicity in the U.S." APM Research Labs. May 20, 2020. Retrieved May 25, 2020.
  403. Richard A. Oppel Jr.; Robert Gebeloff; K.K. Rebecca Lai; Will Wright; Mitch Smith (July 5, 2020). "The Fullest Look Yet at the Racial Inequity of Coronavirus". New York Times. Retrieved July 6, 2020.
  404. Edwin Rios (April 9, 2020). "Black People Are Dying From COVID-19 at Higher Rates Because Racism Is a Preexisting Condition". Mother Jones. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  405. 405.0 405.1 John Eligon; Audra D. S. Burch; Dionne Searcey; Richard A. Oppel Jr. (April 7, 2020). "Black Americans Face Alarming Rates of Coronavirus Infection in Some States". Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  406. Maria Godoy (June 22, 2020). "Black Medicare Patients With COVID-19 Nearly 4 Times As Likely To End Up In Hospital". NPR. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
  407. Benjamin Mueller (May 7, 2020). "Coronavirus Killing Black Britons at Twice the Rate of Whites". New York Times. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
  408. 408.0 408.1 408.2 408.3 Hillard S. Kaplan; Benjamin C. Trumble; Jonathan Stieglitz; Roberta Mendez Mamany; Maguin Gutierrez Cayuba; Leonardina Maito Moye; Sarah Alami; Thomas Kraft; Raul Quispe Gutierrez; Juan Copajira Adrian; Randall C. Thompson; Gregory S. Thomas; David E. Michalik; Daniel Eid Rodriguez; Michael D. Gurven (May 15, 2020). "Voluntary collective isolation as a best response to COVID-19 for indigenous populations? A case study and protocol from the Bolivian Amazon" (PDF). Lancet. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31104-1. Retrieved May 16, 2020. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  409. Garrett Schlichte (May 10, 2020). "Navajo Nation Has Among the Highest Rates of Covid-19 Infections and the Fewest Resources". Jezebel. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  410. Eurekalert (May 15, 2020). Press release. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-05/cu-vci051520.php. Retrieved May 16, 2020. 
  411. 411.0 411.1 Javier C. Hernández; Benjamin Mueller (June 1, 2020). "Global Anger Grows Over George Floyd's Death in Minneapolis". New York Times. Retrieved June 1, 2020.
  412. Brooke Cunningham (June 8, 2020). "Protesting Police Brutality and Racial Oppression Is Essential Work". Time. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  413. David Robinson; David McKay Wilson; Nancy Cutler; Ashley Biviano; Matt Steecker (June 6, 2020). "Why George Floyd's death, COVID-19 inequality sparked protests: 'We're witnessing history'". USA Today. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  414. The Daily Show with Trevor Noah: June 8, 2020 - Miski Noor & Anquan Boldin. Comedy Central. June 8, 2020. Retrieved June 8, 2020.
  415. US blacks 3 times more likely than whites to get COVID-19
  416. African Americans more likely to die from coronavirus illness, early data shows
  417. https://www.cnn.com/2020/05/05/health/coronavirus-african-americans-study/index.html
  418. https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2020/12/pandemic-black-death-toll-racism/617460/
  419. Black Americans Are Getting Vaccinated at Lower Rates Than White Americans
  420. Europe's marginalised Roma people hit hard by coronavirus
  421. For U.S. Latinos, COVID-19 Has Taken a Personal and Financial Toll
  422. Jon Gambrell. "Iran leader refuses US help, citing virus conspiracy theory". Associated Press.
  423. Kuo, Lily (March 13, 2020). "'American coronavirus': China pushes propaganda casting doubt on virus origin". The Guardian. London.
  424. David E. Sanger (May 3, 2020). "Pompeo Ties Coronavirus to China Lab, Despite Spy Agencies' Uncertainty". New York Times. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  425. Poppy Noor (April 13, 2020). "A third of Americans believe Covid-19 laboratory conspiracy theory – study". The Guardian. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  426. Kristian G. Anderson; Andrew Rambaut; W. Ian Lipkin; Edward C. Holmes; Robert F. Garry (March 17, 2020). "The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2". Nature Medicine. doi:10.1038/s41591-020-0820-9. Retrieved March 29, 2020. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  427. The Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia Emergency Response Epidemiology Team. The Epidemiological Characteristics of an Outbreak of 2019 Novel Coronavirus Diseases (COVID-19) – China, 2020. China CDC Weekly, 2020, 2(8): 113–122.
  428. 428.0 428.1 428.2 "European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control".
  429. "Timeline: How the new coronavirus spread | Coronavirus pandemic News | Al Jazeera". Archived from the original on 2020-03-08. Retrieved 2020-03-08.
  430. "Chinese premier stresses curbing viral pneumonia epidemic". China Daily. Beijing: Xinhua News Agency. 21 January 2020. Archived from the original on 22 January 2020. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  431. 431.0 431.1 431.2 "Tracking coronavirus: Map, data and timeline". BNO News. 10 February 2020. Archived from the original on 28 January 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  432. "全国新型肺炎疫情实时动态 – 丁香园·丁香医生". ncov.dxy.cn. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  433. Imai, Natsuko; Dorigatti, Ilaria; Cori, Anne; Donnelly, Christl; Riley, Steven; Ferguson, Neil M (21 January 2020). "Estimating the potential total number of novel Coronavirus cases in Wuhan City, China (Report 2" (PDF). Imperial College London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  434. "HKUMed WHO Collaborating Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Control releases real-time nowcast on the likely extent of the Wuhan coronavirus outbreak, domestic and international spread with the forecast for chunyun". HKUMed School of Public Health. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  435. "China coronavirus: 'family cluster' in Vietnam fuels concerns over human transmission". South China Morning Post. 29 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  436. "Germany confirms human transmission of coronavirus". Deutsche Welle. 28 January 2020. Archived from the original on 28 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  437. Qin, Amy; Hernández, Javier C. (10 January 2020). "China Reports First Death From New Virus". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 11 January 2020. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  438. Ramzy, Austin; May, Tiffany (2 February 2020). "Philippines Reports First Coronavirus Death Outside China". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 3 February 2020. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  439. coronavirus#citationMax Roser and Hannah Ritchie (2020) - "Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)". Published online at OurWorldInData.org. Retrieved from: 'https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus'[permanent dead link] [Online Resource]
  440. World Health Organization (2020). Novel Coronavirus (‎2019-nCoV)‎: situation report, 13 (PDF) (Report). World Health Organization. hdl:10665/330778.
  441. Lisa Schnirring: WHO decision on nCoV emergency delayed as cases spike Archived 2020-01-24 at the Wayback Machine
  442. 442.0 442.1 Field, Field (22 January 2020). "Nine dead as Chinese coronavirus spreads, despite efforts to contain it". The Washington Post. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  443. Goh, Timothy; Toh, Ting Wei (23 January 2020). "Singapore confirms first case of Wuhan virus; second case likely". The Straits Times. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  444. Vietnam confirms first acute pneumonia cases in Saigon - VnExpress International
  445. "France confirms two cases of deadly coronavirus". The Independent. 2020-01-24. Retrieved 2020-01-24.
  446. "First case of coronavirus in Nepal after student who returned from Wuhan tests positive". 24 January 2020.
  447. Bloomberg - Are you a robot?
  448. Coronavirus cases outside China could spark a ‘bigger fire’: WHO | National Post
  449. "Coronavirus Update (Live): 53,854,371 Cases and 1,311,534 Deaths from COVID-19 Virus Pandemic - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info. Retrieved 2020-11-14.
  450. James Gallagher (January 18, 2020). "New virus in China 'will have infected hundreds'". BBC. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
  451. Coronavirus shuts Macao, the world’s gambling capital | The Seattle Times
  452. "Coronavirus: two deaths in Wuhan thought to be first of foreign nationals". Guardian. January 8, 2020. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
  453. Chinese Scientists Sequence Genome Of COVID-19 | Asian Scientist Magazine | Science, technology and medical news updates from Asia
  454. refname=ecdc
  455. China’s aggressive measures have slowed the coronavirus. They may not work in other countries | Science | AAAS
  456. Quarantine hotel collapses in China, leaving 10 dead - CNN
  457. Mistreanu, Simina. "China's Factories Are Reeling From Forced Coronavirus Closures". Forbes. Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  458. "China - COVID-19 Overview - Johns Hopkins". Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center. Retrieved 2020-10-30.
  459. News, A. B. C. "1st confirmed case of new coronavirus reported in US: CDC". ABC News. Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  460. Trump appoints Pence to lead US response to COVID-19
  461. US Reports First Death From COVID-19
  462. Coronavirus updates: COVID-19 kills 6 people in Washington state
  463. Davies, Caroline (2020-03-03). "Elbow-bumps and footshakes: the new coronavirus etiquette". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  464. "Trying to make up for lost time, the CDC will distribute 1.1M COVID-19 tests by this weekend". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  465. White House says it will fail to hit 1M goal for coronavirus test kits - Business Insider
  466. "A devastating day leaves the Dow only 210 points from bear market territory". Fortune. Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  467. Newman, Andy (2020-03-09). "Confusion Over Coronavirus Quarantines Feeds Anxiety". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  468. CNN, Chandelis Duster and Jacqueline Howard. "Health and Human Services chief says 'we don't know' how many Americans have been tested for coronavirus". CNN. Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  469. Nir, Sarah Maslin; McKinley, Jesse (2020-03-19). "'Containment Area' Is Ordered for New Rochelle Coronavirus Cluster". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  470. Wang, Yanan (2020-03-27). "U.S. COVID-19 caseload surges to most in the world". Coronavirus. Retrieved 2021-01-09.
  471. "Recommendation Regarding the Use of Cloth Face Coverings | CDC". web.archive.org. 2020-04-03. Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  472. "U.S. Has Most Coronavirus Deaths In The World". NPR.org. Retrieved 2021-01-09.
  473. Aratani, Lauren; agencies (2020-07-22). "US daily coronavirus deaths surpass 1,000 for first time since June". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  474. "'Unfathomable': US death toll from coronavirus hits 200,000". AP NEWS. 2020-09-22. Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  475. Buchanan, Larry; Gamio, Lazaro; Leatherby, Lauren; Keefe, John; Koettl, Christoph; Walker, Amy Schoenfeld (2020-10-08). "Tracking the White House Coronavirus Outbreak". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  476. https://www.latimes.com/california/story/2020-12-09/california-coronavirus-deaths-cases-hospitalizations-surge
  477. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/us/california-coronavirus-cases[permanent dead link]
  478. https://www.yahoo.com/entertainment/california-becomes-first-state-surpass-160422900.html
  479. Trump calls Inslee a 'snake' over criticism of coronavirus rhetoric - POLITICO
  480. https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/live-blog/coronavirus-updates-live-14-dead-across-u-s-trump-signs-n1151451
  481. "Kreidler orders Washington health insurers to waive deductibles, coinsurance and copays for coronavirus testing | Washington state Office of the Insurance Commissioner". www.insurance.wa.gov. Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  482. "Trump proposes payroll tax cut, other measures to offset coronavirus economic damage". NBC News. Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  483. No risk yet to Schengen from Italy's coronavirus outbreak
  484. Italy orders closure of all schools and universities due to coronavirus | World news | The Guardian
  485. Italian educational institutions close as Covid-19 deaths pass 100 – as it happened | World news | The Guardian
  486. 366 coronavirus deaths in Italy, Saudi schools shut: Live updates | Coronavirus pandemic News | Al Jazeera
  487. Coronavirus: Northern Italy quarantines 16 million people - BBC News
  488. Manitobans trapped in Italy lockdown not worried about COVID-19 outbreak | CTV News
  489. Italy’s coronavirus crisis is possible in the US - Vox
  490. Mellen, Ruby. "Italy imposes harshest coronavirus restrictions since spring lockdown as second wave sweeps Europe". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2020-10-30.
  491. Coronavirus: Iran's deaths at least 210, hospital sources say - BBC News
  492. "Expediency Council member Mohammad Mirmohammadi dies". Tehran Times. March 2, 2020. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  493. Nasser Karimi; Jon Gambrell (March 2, 2020). "Virus ravaging Iran kills confidant of its supreme leader". Associated Press. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  494. "Coronavirus: Here's a timeline of COVID-19 cases in Canada". Global News. Retrieved 2020-11-14.
  495. "Sophie Grégoire Trudeau tests positive for coronavirus | CBC News". CBC. Retrieved 2020-11-14.
  496. "Theresa Tam offers new advice: Wear a non-medical face mask when shopping or using public transit". Retrieved 2020-11-14.
  497. 497.0 497.1 "Canada Coronavirus: 287,318 Cases and 10,828 Deaths - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info. Retrieved 2020-11-14.
  498. Kassidy Vavra (December 26, 2020). "SPREAD DREAD Canada confirms first two cases of mutant Covid strain from UK in couple with 'no known travel history or exposure'". The Sun, U.S. Retrieved January 16, 2021.
  499. "New Covid-19 mutant found in South Africa spreads more swiftly". WION. December 24, 2020.
  500. "First confirmed case of novel coronavirus in Australia". Australian Government Department of Health. 25 January 2020. Archived from the original on 15 February 2020. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
  501. www.ETHealthworld.com. "New Zealand confirms first case of coronavirus: health ministry - ET HealthWorld". ETHealthworld.com. Retrieved 2020-11-14.
  502. 502.0 502.1 "New Zealand Coronavirus: 1,998 Cases and 25 Deaths - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info. Retrieved 2020-11-14.
  503. 503.0 503.1 https://covid19.govt.nz/alert-levels-and-updates/history-of-the-covid-19-alert-system/
  504. https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/health/coronavirus/126158263/covid19-a-timeline-of-the-delta-outbreak
  505. "Transmission of the novel coronavirus onboard the Diamond Princess". The Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine. Retrieved 2020-11-14.
  506. https://www.africanews.com/2020/11/19/covid-19-africa-surpasses-2-million-cases/
  507. 507.0 507.1 507.2 507.3 Abdi Latif Dahir (April 22, 2020). "'Instead of Coronavirus, the Hunger Will Kill Us.' A Global Food Crisis Looms". New York Times. Retrieved May 12, 2020.
  508. 508.0 508.1 Sanford D. Bishop; Nita M. Lowry (May 10, 2020). "Opinion: The coronavirus crisis is a food security crisis too". Atlanta Journal Constitution. Retrieved May 12, 2020.
  509. Eurekalert (May 11, 2020). "Even before COVID-19, many adults over 50 lacked stable food supply". Press release. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-05/mm-u-eb050820.php. Retrieved May 12, 2020. 
  510. Jessica Silver-Greenberg; Amy Julia Harris (June 21, 2020). "'They Just Dumped Him Like Trash': Nursing Homes Evict Vulnerable Residents". New York Times. Retrieved June 21, 2020.
  511. Martha Henriques (March 27, 2020). "Will Covid-19 have a lasting impact on the environment?". BBC. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
  512. Jeff McMahon (March 22, 2020). "New Satellite Video Shows China Pollution Vanishing During COVID-19 Lockdown—Then Coming Back". Forbes. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
  513. Brad Plumer (May 13, 2020). "In a First, Renewable Energy Is Poised to Eclipse Coal in U.S." New York Times. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  514. Eurekalert (April 20, 2020). "Corona and air pollution: How does nitrogen dioxide impact fatalities?". Press release. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-04/mh-caa041720.php. Retrieved April 20, 2020. 
  515. Yaron Ogen (July 15, 2020). "Assessing nitrogen dioxide (NO2) levels as a contributing factor to coronavirus (COVID-19) fatality". Science of The Total Environment. 726. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138605. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  516. Tricia Goss (April 29, 2020). "Sea Turtles Are Thriving Now That Humans Are Stuck Inside". SimpleMost. Retrieved April 30, 2020.
  517. Kristen Chapman (April 14, 2020). "Experts say coronavirus concerns could have positive impact on marine life". CBS. Retrieved April 30, 2020.
  518. Jack Guy; Carly Walsh (April 20, 2020). "Sea turtles thriving in Thailand after beach closures". CNN. Retrieved April 30, 2020.
  519. Brandon Keim (May 18, 2020). "With the World on Pause, Salamanders Own the Road". New York Times. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  520. Cheryl Rodewig (June 29, 2020). "Florida manatee deaths up 20 percent as Covid-19 threatens recovery". Guardian. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  521. "Researchers call for worldwide biosurveillance network to protect from diseases". Press release. July 9, 2020. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-07/sdzg-rcf070920.php. Retrieved July 9, 2020. 
  522. Mrinalini Watsa (July 10, 2020). "Rigorous wildlife disease surveillance". Science. 369 (6500): 145–147. doi:10.1126/science.abc0017. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
  523. 523.0 523.1 CDC (2020-02-11). "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 2020-12-04.
  524. "Travel Guidance". North Dakota Department of Health.
  525. "Can vitamin C's immune boosting effects ward off coronavirus?". WebMD. Retrieved 2020-12-04.
  526. Hemilä, Harri; Chalker, Elizabeth (2020-02-07). "Vitamin C may reduce the duration of mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients: a meta-regression analysis". Journal of Intensive Care. 8 (1): 15. doi:10.1186/s40560-020-0432-y. ISSN 2052-0492. PMC 7006137. PMID 32047636.
  527. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7367004/
  528. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/daily-life-coping/holidays.html
  529. https://www.umms.org/coronavirus/what-to-know/managing-medical-conditions/healthy-habits/boost-immune-system
  530. https://nypost.com/2020/04/02/who-says-video-games-could-help-fight-coronavirus-spread/
  531. https://www.firstpost.com/health/flavanols-proanthocyanidins-found-in-dark-chocolate-grapes-green-tea-may-block-sars-cov-2-proteins-9069451.html
  532. https://www.yahoo.com/amphtml/lifestyle/20-places-youre-most-likely-161401070.html?guccounter=1
  533. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/12/08/health/covid-vaccine-mask.html
  534. https://monarchairgroup.com/can-flying-by-private-jet-prevent-the-spread-of-coronavirus/
  535. https://www.cnn.com/2020/04/10/health/smoking-weed-coronavirus-wellness/index.html
  536. https://www.umms.org/coronavirus/covid-vaccine/facts/strain

Other websites[change | change source]