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20 July Plot

Coordinates: 54°04′46″N 21°29′37″E / 54.079344°N 21.493544°E / 54.079344; 21.493544
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20 July plot
Martin Bormann, Hermann Göring, and Bruno Loerzer surveying the damaged conference room
TypeDecapitation strike
LocationWolf's Lair, East Prussia
54°04′46″N 21°29′37″E / 54.079344°N 21.493544°E / 54.079344; 21.493544
Planned by
Date20 July 1944 (1944-07-20), 12:42 (UTC+2)
Executed byClaus von Stauffenberg
  • Hitler survives with minor injuries
  • Military coup fails within 5 hours
  • 7,000 arrested; 4,980 executed
Casualties4 killed, 13 injured

On 20 July 1944, Claus von Stauffenberg and other conspirators tried to assassinate Adolf Hitler, the Führer of Nazi Germany, inside his Wolf's Lair field headquarters near Rastenburg, East Prussia. The name Operation Valkyrie, originally referring to part of the conspiracy, has become related to the plot. The idea behind the assassination was to seize political control of Germany and its armed forces from the Nazi Party (including the SS) and to make peace with the Western Allies as soon as possible.

The plot was a plan by several groups in the German resistance to overthrow the Nazi German government. Stauffenberg planted a bomb close to Hitler since he was presented with him in the conference meeting. The bomb failed to kill Hitler since one of the participants had unwittingly moved the bomb away from Hitler. Also, the table absorbed much of the blast as a result. The failure of the assassination attempt and the intended military coup d'état that was to follow led the Gestapo to arrest more than 7,000 people of whom they executed 4,980.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. According to Shirer, Führer Conferences on Naval Affairs, 1960, p. 1393.