20 July Plot

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20 July plot
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1972-025-10, Hitler-Attentat, 20. Juli 1944.jpg
Martin Bormann, Hermann Göring, and Bruno Loerzer surveying the damaged conference room
TypeDecapitation strike
LocationWolf's Lair, East Prussia
Coordinates: 54°04′46″N 21°29′37″E / 54.079344°N 21.493544°E / 54.079344; 21.493544
Planned by
Date20 July 1944 (1944-07-20), 12:42 (UTC+2)
Executed byClaus von Stauffenberg
  • Hitler survives with minor injuries
  • Military coup fails within 5 hours
  • 7,000 arrested; 4,980 executed
Casualties4 killed, 13 injured

On 20 July 1944, Claus von Stauffenberg and other conspirators tried to assassinate Adolf Hitler, Führer of Nazi Germany, inside his Wolf's Lair field headquarters near Rastenburg, East Prussia. The name Operation Valkyrie—originally referring to part of the conspiracy—has become related to the plot. The idea behind the assassination was to seize political control of Germany and its armed forces from the Nazi Party (including the SS) and to make peace with the Western Allies as soon as possible.

The plot was a plan by several groups in the German resistance to overthrow the Nazi German government. The failure of the assassination attempt and the intended military coup d'état that was to follow led the Gestapo to arrest more than 7,000 people, of whom they executed 4,980.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. According to Shirer, Führer Conferences on Naval Affairs, 1960, p. 1393.