5-demicube

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Demipenteract
(5-demicube)
Demipenteract graph ortho.svg
Petrie polygon projection
Type Uniform 5-polytope
Family (Dn) 5-demicube
Families (En) k21 polytope
1k2 polytope
Coxeter
symbol
121
Schläfli
symbols
{3,32,1} = h{4,33}
s{2,4,3,3} or h{2}h{4,3,3}
sr{2,2,4,3} or h{2}h{2}h{4,3}
h{2}h{2}h{2}h{4}
s{21,1,1,1} or h{2}h{2}h{2}s{2}
Coxeter
diagrams
CDel nodes 10ru.pngCDel split2.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png = CDel node h1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png
CDel node h.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png
CDel node h.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png
CDel node h.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.png
CDel node h.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel node h.png
4-faces 26 10 {31,1,1}Cross graph 4.svg
16 {3,3,3}4-simplex t0.svg
Cells 120 40 {31,0,1}3-simplex t0.svg
80 {3,3}3-simplex t0.svg
Faces 160 {3}2-simplex t0.svg
Edges 80
Vertices 16
Vertex
figure
5-demicube verf.svg
rectified 5-cell
Petrie
polygon
Octagon
Symmetry D5, [32,1,1] = [1+,4,33]
[24]+
Properties convex

In five-dimensional geometry, a demipenteract or 5-demicube is a semiregular 5-polytope, constructed from a 5-hypercube (penteract) with alternated vertices removed.

It was discovered by Thorold Gosset. Since it was the only semiregular 5-polytope (made of more than one type of regular facets), he called it a 5-ic semi-regular. E. L. Elte identified it in 1912 as a semiregular polytope, labeling it as HM5 for a 5-dimensional half measure polytope.

Coxeter named this polytope as 121 from its Coxeter diagram, which has branches of length 2, 1 and 1 with a ringed node on one of the short branches, CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel split1.pngCDel nodes.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.png and Schläfli symbol or {3,32,1}.

It exists in the k21 polytope family as 121 with the Gosset polytopes: 221, 321, and 421.

The graph formed by the vertices and edges of the demipenteract is sometimes called the Clebsch graph, though that name sometimes refers to the folded cube graph of order five instead.

Fundamental convex regular and uniform polytopes in dimensions 2–10
Family An Bn I2(p) / Dn E6 / E7 / E8 / F4 / G2 Hn
Regular polygon Triangle Square p-gon Hexagon Pentagon
Uniform polyhedron Tetrahedron OctahedronCube Demicube DodecahedronIcosahedron
Uniform 4-polytope 5-cell 16-cellTesseract Demitesseract 24-cell 120-cell600-cell
Uniform 5-polytope 5-simplex 5-orthoplex5-cube 5-demicube
Uniform 6-polytope 6-simplex 6-orthoplex6-cube 6-demicube 122221
Uniform 7-polytope 7-simplex 7-orthoplex7-cube 7-demicube 132231321
Uniform 8-polytope 8-simplex 8-orthoplex8-cube 8-demicube 142241421
Uniform 9-polytope 9-simplex 9-orthoplex9-cube 9-demicube
Uniform 10-polytope 10-simplex 10-orthoplex10-cube 10-demicube
Uniform n-polytope n-simplex n-orthoplexn-cube n-demicube 1k22k1k21 n-pentagonal polytope
Topics: Polytope familiesRegular polytopeList of regular polytopes and compounds