Aérospatiale SA-330 Puma

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French army SA-330B Puma
RAF Puma.
Romanian Puma.
Spanish civilian waterbomber Puma.
Civilian Italian SA-330 Puma.
German Puma.
French SA-330 Puma in the desert of Iraq in 1990.

The Aérospatiale SA-330 Puma is a transport helicopter designed and built in France. The design was first built by Sud Aviation,[1] and later by Aérospatiale. It was also built by Westland Helicopter in the United Kingdom after an agreement between the two countries[2] It first flew in April 1965.[3] It is mainly used by Armée de l'Air, Royal Air Force, and some other air forces. It is also used by civilians.

SA-330 specifications[change | edit source]

The Aérospatiale SA-330 Puma is 59.6½ feet (18.15 meters) long, 49.2½ feet (15.00 meters) diameter, and 16.10½ feet (5.14 meters) tall. A minimum mass that weighs 7,795 pounds (3,536 kg) and at the maximum mass that weighs 15,532 pounds (7,000 kg). It is powered by two Turbomeca Turmo engines driving a helicopter rotor with four blades.[4]

The passenger cabin allows the reception of sixteen to twenty armed soldiers in military version,[5] and fourteen to sixteen passengers in civil version. The two-seater cockpit of the helicopter is type side by side. A mechanic, also serving the mechanical winch, takes place at the rear. He can used the removable machine gun.[6]

SA-330 users[change | edit source]

At the beginning of 2013, these countries were still using or had used the military Puma:

 Abu Dhabi
 Algeria
 Argentina
 Belgium
 Brazil
 Chad
 Cameroon
 Chile
 Côte d'Ivoire
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
 France
 Germany
 Greece
 Indonesia
 Iran
Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland
 Kuwait
 Malawi
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
 Morocco
 Nepal
 Nigeria
 Oman
 Pakistan
 Philippines
 Portugal
 Romania
 South Africa
 Senegal
 Slovenia
 Spain
 Switzerland
 Togo
 Turkey
 United Arab Emirates
 United Kingdom

SA-330 variants[change | edit source]

If the majority of Puma was built by Aérospatiale in France and the UK by Westland but.[7] A few others were produced under license in Indonesia, Romania, and South Africa.

French built Puma[change | edit source]

SA-330A, SA-330B, SA-330Ba, SA-330C, SA-330E, SA-330F, SA-330G, SA-330H, SA-330J, SA-330L, SA-330S, SA-330Z. SA-330A is the prototype and SA-330Z is an experimental version.

British built Puma[change | edit source]

Puma HC Mk-1, Puma HC Mk-2. British production is only for the military version.

Indonesian built Puma[change | edit source]

NAS-330J. Indonesian Puma are built by IPTN, indigenous aeronautical industry, for civilian and military.

Romanian built Puma[change | edit source]

IAR-330, IAR-330 SOCAT. Romanian Puma are built by IAR, indigenous aeronautical industriy, for civilian and military. IAR-330 SOCAT is an attack and transport helicopter, like soviet helicopter Mi-24 Hind.

South African built Puma[change | edit source]

Oryx. South African Puma are built by Atlas Aircraft Corporation, indigenous aeronautical industriy, for civilian and military.

Notes[change | edit source]

The SA-330 Puma gave birth to a derivative extensively modified, designated AS-332 Super Puma.[8]

References[change | edit source]