Aérospatiale SA-330 Puma

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French army SA-330B Puma
RAF Puma.
Romanian Puma.
Spanish civilian waterbomber Puma.
Civilian Italian SA-330 Puma.
German Puma.
French SA-330 Puma in the desert of Iraq in 1990.

The Aérospatiale SA-330 Puma is a transport helicopter designed and built in France. The design was first built by Sud Aviation,[1] and later by Aérospatiale. It was also built by Westland Helicopter in the United Kingdom after an agreement between the two countries[2] It first flew in April 1965.[3] It is mainly used by Armée de l'Air, Royal Air Force, and some other air forces. It is also used by civilians.

SA-330 specifications[change | change source]

The Aérospatiale SA-330 Puma is 59.6½ feet (18.15 meters) long, 49.2½ feet (15.00 meters) diameter, and 16.10½ feet (5.14 meters) tall. A minimum mass that weighs 7,795 pounds (3,536 kg) and at the maximum mass that weighs 15,532 pounds (7,000 kg). It is powered by two Turbomeca Turmo engines driving a helicopter rotor with four blades.[4]

The passenger cabin allows the reception of sixteen to twenty armed soldiers in military version,[5] and fourteen to sixteen passengers in civil version. The two-seater cockpit of the helicopter is type side by side. A mechanic, also serving the mechanical winch, takes place at the rear. He can used the removable machine gun.[6]

SA-330 users[change | change source]

At the beginning of 2013, these countries were still using or had used the military Puma:

 Abu Dhabi
 Côte d'Ivoire
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
 South Africa
 United Arab Emirates
 United Kingdom

SA-330 variants[change | change source]

If the majority of Puma was built by Aérospatiale in France and the UK by Westland but.[7] A few others were produced under license in Indonesia, Romania, and South Africa.

French built Puma[change | change source]

SA-330A, SA-330B, SA-330Ba, SA-330C, SA-330E, SA-330F, SA-330G, SA-330H, SA-330J, SA-330L, SA-330S, SA-330Z. SA-330A is the prototype and SA-330Z is an experimental version.

British built Puma[change | change source]

Puma HC Mk-1, Puma HC Mk-2. British production is only for the military version.

Indonesian built Puma[change | change source]

NAS-330J. Indonesian Puma are built by IPTN, indigenous aeronautical industry, for civilian and military.

Romanian built Puma[change | change source]

IAR-330, IAR-330 SOCAT. Romanian Puma are built by IAR, indigenous aeronautical industriy, for civilian and military. IAR-330 SOCAT is an attack and transport helicopter, like soviet helicopter Mi-24 Hind.

South African built Puma[change | change source]

Oryx. South African Puma are built by Atlas Aircraft Corporation, indigenous aeronautical industriy, for civilian and military.

Notes[change | change source]

The SA-330 Puma gave birth to a derivative extensively modified, designated AS-332 Super Puma.[8]

References[change | change source]