A. Philip Randolph

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A. Philip Randolph
A. Philip Randolph 1963 NYWTS.jpg
Randolph in 1963
Born
Asa Philip Randolph

(1889-04-15)April 15, 1889
DiedMay 16, 1979(1979-05-16) (aged 90)
New York City, New York, U.S.

A. Philip Randolph [1] (April 15, 1889 – May 16, 1979) was a social activist who fought for labor rights for African-American communities during the 20th century. During World War I, he attempted to unionize African-American shipyard workers and elevator operators and co-launched a magazine designed to encourage demand for higher wages. He later importantly founded the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, which by 1937 would become the first official African-American labor union.

In 1942, received the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Spingarn Medal. On September 14, 1964, he was awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom by the President Lyndon B. Johnson.

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