Abdul Ghaffar Khan

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Fakhr-e-Afghan
Sarhadi Gandhi

Abdul Ghaffar Khan
عبدالغفار خان
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan.jpg
Ghaffar Khan, c. 1940s
Born(1890-02-06)6 February 1890
Died20 January 1988(1988-01-20) (aged 97)
Cause of deathStroke-related problems
Resting placeJalalabad, Afghanistan
Nationality
EducationAligarh Muslim University
Political party
MovementIndian independence movement
Spouse(s)
  • Meharqanda Kinankhel (m. 1912–1918)
  • Nambata Kinankhel (m. 1920–1926)
Children
Parent(s)Abdul Bahram Khan (father)
Awards

Abdul Ghaffār Khān (Pashto: عبدالغفار خان‎; 6 February 1890 – 20 January 1988), also known as Bādshāh Khān (بادشاه خان‎, 'King Khan'), Frontier/Simant Gandhi or Bāchā Khān (باچا خان‎, 'King of Chiefs') and honourably addressed as Fakhr-e-Afghan (فخرِ افغان‎, 'Pride of Afghans'), was a Pashtun[2] independence activist. He pushed against British colonial rule in India. He was a political and spiritual leader. Khan was known for his nonviolent works and pacifism.

Khan died on 20 January 1988 under house arrest in Peshawar, Pakistan from problems caused by a stroke, aged 97.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. Manishika, Meena. Biography of Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan: Inspirational Biographies for Children. Prabhat Prakashan.
  2. Khan, Khan Abdul Ghaffar (2010-02-05). Ideas of a Nation: Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan. Penguin Books Limited. ISBN 978-81-8475-194-9. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan’s unflinching advocacy of non-violence amongst the fierce Pathan tribesmen of the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) made him a legend in his lifetime. Ghaffar Khan, also called Badshah Khan and sometimes the Frontier Gandhi, was born into a leading family of Khans at Charsadda near Peshawar in 1890. Throughout his life he turned his back firmly not only on the privileges of his feudal background but on the established Pathan code of resolving issues through blood feuds and wars.
  3. "Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Fought Against British Rule in India, Dead At 98". Associated Press. 20 January 1988. Retrieved 10 July 2021.