Abdul Latif Khan Tarin

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Jemadar Abdul Latif Khan Tarin (1884-1916), IDSM, was an officer of the British Indian Army. [1] He fought in World War I and died in action, after showing a lot of bravery, receiving an IDSM (Indian Distinguished Service Medal)[2] medal or award.

Early life[change | change source]

Abdul Latif Khan belonged to the Tarin (or Tareen) tribe settled in Haripur District, of Hazara, NWFP, British India (now in Pakistan). His father was Nawab-Bahadur Muhammad Habib Khan [3] Risaldar, CSI, Jagirdar of Talokar and his elder brother was Khan Sahib Abdul Majid Khan Tarin,[4] OBE. He was born in 1884 and enrolled in the 82nd Punjabis in 1904.[5][6]

Military service[change | change source]

Abdul Latif Khan was promoted as 'Jemadar' (a native commissioned officer) in 1912[7] and served in several military postings and campaigns on the North-West Frontier Province of India and in North Waziristan Agency.[8]

In December 1915, he, along with his battalion, were ordered to move to Mesopotamia(now Iraq) to take part in the First World War combat there against the Turks and Germans.[9] They reached Basra, Mesopotamia in January 1916 and then, Latif Khan and his battalion participated in the Battle of Dujaila,[10] where Khan was killed in action after single-handedly silencing a number of enemy machine guns, on 8 March 1916;[11] for which action he was awarded the IDSM. He was buried at the battle site and is remembered on the World War I Basra War Memorial.[12]

The World War I was indeed a very great global war in which millions of people died;[13] and we must remember the sacrifices of those people, especially young soldiers, who went willingly to fight for our freedom.[14] Brave soldiers like Abdul Latif Khan deserve our respect.[15]

Further reading[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Commonwealth War Graves Commission site, www.cwgc.org.uk , Basra War Memorial entry, Panel 48
  2. London Gazette, May 1916
  3. CWGC site, aa
  4. 'Whos Who in Hazara District' 1912 ed
  5. Indian Army List (IAL)1907-1908 ed
  6. The 82nd Punjabis were a unit of the British Indian Army that later became part of the Punjab Regiment (Pakistan), of the Pakistan Army after 1947
  7. Indian Army List (IAL) 1914 ed
  8. IAL 1914
  9. Howarth, G 'The British Mesopotamian Campaign, 1914-1918', London, 1933
  10. Rizvi, Brig SHA 'Veteran Campaigners-A History of the Punjab Regiment' Lahore, 1984
  11. London Gazette, 1916
  12. Latif Khan memorial Retrieved 8th September 2014
  13. Wilmot,HP 'World War 1', New York, 2003
  14. Taylor, AJP, 'World War I and its aftermath' London, 1998
  15. Lord Parekh on recognizing Indian soldiers of WW1