Abdullah I of Jordan

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Abdullah I
King of Jordan
Reign25 May 1946 – 20 July 1951
PredecessorHimself as Emir of Transjordan
Emir of Transjordan
Reign11 April 1921 – 25 May 1946[1][2]
PredecessorOffice Established
SuccessorHimself as King
Born2 February 1882
Mecca, Ottoman Empire
Died20 July 1951 (aged 69)[3][4]
Junior wives
Suzdil Khanum (m. 1913)

Nahda bint Uman (m. 1949)
IssuePrincess Haya
Talal I
Prince Naif
Princess Munira
Princess Maqbula
Princess Naifeh
FatherHussein bin Ali
MotherAbdiyya bint Abdullah
ReligionSunni Islam

Abdullah I bin Al-Hussein (Arabic: عبد الله الأول بن الحسين, Abd Allāh Al-Awal ibn Al-Husayn, 2 February 1882 – 20 July 1951) was the ruler of Jordan and Transjordan, from 1921 until his assassination in 1951. He was Jordan's first King.

During World War I, he played a key role in secret negotiations with the United Kingdom. This led to the Great Arab Revolt against Ottoman rule that was led by his father Sharif Hussein.[5] Abdullah led guerrilla raids on Ottoman garrisons.[6]

Abdullah was shot and killed in Jerusalem by a Palestinian activist on 20 July 1951, aged 69.

References[change | change source]

  1. Kamal S. Salibi (15 December 1998). The Modern History of Jordan. I.B.Tauris. p. 93. ISBN 978-1-86064-331-6.
  2. Hashemite Monarchs of Jordan, "The Emirate of Transjordan was founded on April 11, 1921, and became the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan upon formal independence from Britain in 1946"
  3. Hoiberg, Dale H., ed. (2010). "Abdullah". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. I: A-ak Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, Illinois: Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. p. 22. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.
  4. Some sources state that his birth date was on 22 September.
  5. Encyclopaedia Britannica (online). Abdullah I:...
  6. Shlaim (2007), p. 3