Otto Adolf Eichmann (Born ; 19 March 1906 in Solingen,Rhine Province,Prussia, Germany–Died ; 31 May/1 June 1962 in Ramla,Israel) was a Nazi-German SS officer and he was a very cruel Nazi Officer who sent Jewish People to Nazi-German Concentration Camp's like Auschwitz where millions of people like men women and children were murdered by mass Shootings or sent to the Gas chamber's or hanged and Experimented by Doctor Josef Mengele (he had the rank of SS-Obersturmbannführer, comparable with lieutenant colonel). He died at the age of 56 on 1st June 1962 in Ramla Israel . He worked for Reinhard Heydrich who was deputy head of the SS and head of the Gestapo who is the most evil Nazi Officer in Germany until 27 May 1942 when Heydrich was injured in a Assassination and died on 4 June 1942 at the of age 38 in Prague ,Czechoslovakia during World War 2 . Eichmann runaway to Argentina in 1950 and was captured in 11 May 1960 16 years after the end of World War 2 in 1945 and 18 year’s after Reinhard Heydrich was assassinated in 1942 . During his trial in Israel in 1961 Eichmann said that Heinrich Muller (1900-1945) a member of the Gestapo is alive .
Eichmann was an important person of Nazi Germany during the Third Reich. As head of a subdivision of the Reich Main Security Office (Reichssicherheitshauptamt, Referat IV B4) he was the architect of The Holocaust who organized the death camps, like the Auschwitz concentration camp, that were used to kill 11 million people during World War 2.
After the war he escaped to Argentina in 1950 but was captured on 11 May 1960 and was discovered to be living in Argentina. The Israeli secret service, the Mossad, kidnapped him and took him back to Israel. Eichmann was put on trial for war crimes and crimes against humanity. He was found guilty on 11 December 1961, and executed by hanging in Ramla in 1962 . His body was cremated in an unusually hot furnace, and the ashes were scattered in the sea. Eichmann is one of the few people to ever be executed by Israel.
The trial of Adolf Eichmann was broadcast on radio in Israel, and millions of people around the world watched it on television. This was the first time that victims of the Holocaust talked openly about what had happened. This was an event that helped bring together and unify the many people who had come to live in the new nation of Israel.
Early life and career 1906-1945[change | change source]
He was born in Solingen,Germany on 19 March 1906 he later moved to Linz in Austria-Hungary in 1913 . He joined the Nazi Party/NSDAP on 1 April 1932 in the Austrian Branch of the NSDAP . He also joined the SS which was lead by Heinrich Himmler and deputy head Reinhard Heydrich . In 1941 when Heydrich created the Nazi Genocide known as the Holocaust where he organised the Holocaust Trains from 1941-1945 during WW2 (1939-1945) in Poland by sending the Holocaust victims to Auschwitz concentration camp between 1942 and 1945 in Eastern Europe .
References[change | change source]
- Esler, Gavin (6 April 2011). "BBC News - How Nazi Adolf Eichmann's Holocaust trial unified Israel". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 6 April 2011.