Aegukka

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애국가
Aegukka

National anthem of North Korea (DPRK)
LyricsPak Se-yong
MusicKim Won-gyun
Adopted1947
Audio sample
"Aegukka"

"Aegukka" (eh-GООK-gah, meaning "Patriotic Song" in Korean) is the national anthem of North Korea. To celebrate the country's independence from Japan, it was written by Pak Se-yong and composed by Kim Won-gyun, then it was adopted in 1947 shortly after.[1]

It should not be confused with South Korea's national anthem, which has the same name but uses a different romanisation scheme. It is sometimes also known by the first bit of the song, "Achhimŭn pinnara" (아침은 빛나라), meaning "Let Morning Shine".

Lyrics[change | change source]

Korean original[2]
(Chosŏn'gŭl)
Romanization
(McCune–Reischauer)
IPA transcription[3]
(narrow)
English translation[4]
(Kim Il-Sung University)

아침은 빛나라 이 강산
은금에 자원도 가득한
삼천리 아름다운 내 조국
반만년 오랜 력사에
𝄆 찬란한 문화로 자라난
슬기론 인민의 이 영광
몸과 맘 다 바쳐 이 조선
길이 받드세 𝄇

백두산 기상을 다 안고
근로의 정신은 깃들어
진리로 뭉쳐진 억센 뜻
온 세계 앞서 나가리
𝄆 솟는 힘 노도도 내밀어
인민의 뜻으로 선 나라
한없이 부강하는 이 조선
길이 빛내세 𝄇

Ach'imŭn pinnara i kangsan
Ŭn'gŭme chawŏndo kadŭkhan
Samch'ŏlli arŭmdaun nae choguk
Panmannyŏn oraen ryŏksaë
𝄆 Ch'allanhan munhwaro charanan
Sŭlgiron inminŭi i yŏnggwang
Momgwa mam ta pach'yŏ i Chosŏn
Kiri pattŭse 𝄇

Paektusan kisangŭl ta anko
Kŭlloŭi chŏngsinŭn kittŭrŏ
Chilliro mungch'yŏjin ŏksen ttŭt
On segye apsŏ nagari
𝄆 Sonnŭn him nododo naemirŏ
Inminŭi ttŭsŭro sŏn nara
Hanŏpsi puganghanŭn i Chosŏn
Kiri pinnaese 𝄇

[a̠.ˈt͡sʰim.ɯn ˈpin.na̠.ɾa̠ i ka̠ŋ.ˈsʰa̠n]
[ɯn.ˈgɯm.e̞ ˈt͡sa̠.wɔn.do̞ ˈka̠.dɯ.kʰa̠n]
[sʰa̠m.ˈt͡sʰɔɭ.ʎi ˈa̠.ɾɯ̆m.da̠.(w)ʊn nɛ̝ t͡so̞.ˈgʊk̚]
[pa̠n.ˈma̠n.ɲʲɔn ˈo̞.ɾɛ̝n ˈɾʲɔk̚.s͈a̠.(j)e̞]
𝄆 [t͡sʰa̠ɭ.ˈɭa̠n.ɦa̠n ˈmʊn.(βʷ)a̠.ɾo̞ ˈt͡sa̠.ɾa̠.na̠n]
[sʰɯɭ.ˈgi.ɾo̞n ˈin.min.ɛ̝ (j)i jɔŋ.ˈgʷa̠ŋ]
[mo̞m.ˈgʷa̠ ma̠m ta̠ pa̠.t͡sʰjɔ (j)i t͡so̞.ˈsʰɔn]
[kiɾ.ˈi ˈpa̠t̚.t͈ɯ.sʰe̞] 𝄇

[pɛ̝k̚.ˈt͈ʊ.sʰa̠n ˈki.sʰa̠ŋ.ɯɭ ta̠ a̠n.ko̞]
[kɯɭ.ˈɭo̞.ɛ̝ ˈt͡sɔŋ.sin.ɯn ˈkit̚.t͈ɯɾ.ɔ]
[t͡siɭ.ˈʎi.ɾo̞ ˈmʊŋ.t͡sʰʲɔ.d͡zin ˈɔk̚.s͈e̞n t͈ɯt̚]
[o̞n ˈsʰe̞.ɡʲe̞ ˈa̠p̚.s͈ɔ na̠.ga̠.ˈɾi]
𝄆 [sʰo̞n.ˈnɯn ɦim ˈno̞.do̞.do̞ ˈnɛ̝.miɾ.ɔ]
[in.ˈmin.ɛ̝ ˈt͈ɯsʰ.ɯ.ɾo̞ sʰɔn na̠.ˈɾa̠]
[ha̠n.ˈɔp̚s͈.i ˈpʊ.ga̠ŋ.ɦa̠.nɯn i t͡so̞.ˈsʰɔn]
[kiɾ.ˈi ˈpin.nɛ̝.sʰe̞] 𝄇

Shine bright, you dawn, on this land so fair,
The country of three thousand ri,
So rich in silver and in gold you are,
Five thousand years of your history.
𝄆 Our people ever were renowned and sage,
And rich in cultural heritage,
And as with heart and soul, we strive,
Korea shall forever thrive! 𝄇

And in the spirit of Mount Paektu,
With the love of toil that shall never die,
With a will of iron fostered by the truth,
We'll lead the whole world by and by.
𝄆 We have the might to foil the angry sea,
Our land more prosperous still shall be,
As by the people's will we strive,
Korea shall forever thrive! 𝄇

References[change | change source]

  1. Hoare, James (2012). Historical dictionary of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-6151-0. OCLC 744300599.
  2. National Anthems & Patriotic Songs "North Korean National Anthem - Aegukka (애국가)" lyrics
  3. Based on Wiktionary's Korean pronunciation.
  4. Kim Il Sung University