Ahimsa (also ahiṃsā, ahinsa, Sanskrit:अहिम्स) is a Sanskrit word which means "non-violence” or "non-injury". The practice of ahimsa is an important aspect of religions like Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. A person who practices ahimsa generally eats vegetarian foods. A religious person who practices ahimsa does not take part in animal sacrifice.
In twentieth century, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and Martin Luther King each followed a path of Ahimsa, though in different ways. They struggled without fighting, while asking for the rights of their followers.
Jainism[change | change source]
The concept of ahiṃsā forms the base of Jainism. In Jainism, both homeless ascetic and householder (Śrāvaka) have to follow five major vows (vrata). Ascetics observe these vows more strictly. In Jainism, killing any living being out of passions is considered 'hiṃsā' (injury) and abstaining from such act is 'ahiṃsā' (noninjury or nonviolence). Jainism prescribes non-consumption of wine, flesh, honey, and the five udumbara fruits (Gular, Anjeera, Banyan, Peepal, and Pakar, all belonging to the fig class).
References[change | change source]
Citations[change | change source]
- Jain, Vijay K. (2012), Acharya Amritchandra's Purushartha Siddhyupaya: Realization of the Pure Self, Vikalp Printers, ISBN 978-81-903639-4-5, https://books.google.co.in/books?isbn=8190363948, "Non-Copyright"