Ahom Kingdom

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The Ahom kingdom (/ˈɑːhɔːm/, 1228–1826) was a late medieval kingdom in the Brahmaputra Valley in Assam. It maintained its sovereignty for nearly 600 years having successfully resisted Mughal expansion in Northeast India. Established by Sukaphaa, a Tai prince from Mong Mao (present-day Yunnan Province, China), it began as a mong in the upper reaches of the Brahmaputra based on wet rice agriculture. It expanded suddenly under Suhungmung in the 16th century and became multi-ethnic in character, casting a profound effect on the political and social life of the entire Brahmaputra valley. The kingdom became weaker with the rise of the Moamoria rebellion, and subsequently fell to repeated Burmese invasions of Assam. With the defeat of the Burmese after the First Anglo-Burmese War and the Treaty of Yandabo in 1826, control of the kingdom passed into East India Company hands.

Ahom Kingdom
Flag of the Ahom Kingdom ( 1228 - 1826)
Ahom Kingdom map
Status Former sovereign state
Capital Charaideo

Bakata Garhgaon Rangpur Jorhat

Common languages Assamese

Ahom Regional / local languages

  • Ahom religion
  • Buddhism
  • Shaktism (from 1681)
  • Islam
  • Ekasarana Dharma (majority from 17th century)
Demonym(s) Assamese
Government Aristocratic hereditary monarchy

Federal Monarchy

Chao Pha
• 1228–1268 Sukaphaa
• 1497–1539 Suhungmung
• 1603–1641 Susenghphaa
• 1696–1714 Sukhrungphaa
• established by Chaolung Sukaphaa 1228
• re-organization under King Suhungmung 1497
• Moamoria rebellion 1769
• Britain seizes control 1826
• Estimate 25,00,000 to 30,00,000 (1765)
Preceded by Succeeded by
Kamarupa Kingdom
Konbaung Dynasty
Colonial Assam
Today part of India, Myanmar