|Nasir ad-Din Muhammad|
|Sultan of Egypt|
|Reign||1218 – 6 March 1238|
|Sultan of Damascus|
Cairo, Ayyubid Sultanate
|Died||6 March 1238 (aged c. 61)|
Damascus, Ayyubid Damascus Sultanate
Al-Kamil (Arabic: الكامل) (full name: al-Malik al-Kamil Naser ad-Din Abu al-Ma'ali Muhammad) (c. 1177 – 6 March 1238) was a leader from a place called Kurdistan, and he followed the Muslim religion. He was in charge of a country called Egypt and was the fourth ruler from a group known as the Ayyubids. This group was important in the history of the area.
When he was in charge, there was a big fight called the Fifth Crusade. The Ayyubids, the group he led, were able to win this fight against people from Europe called crusaders. The European crusaders called him "Meledin."
Later on, there was another fight, the Sixth Crusade. During this time, he gave control of a city called West Jerusalem to the Christian people. He even met a famous religious person named Saint Francis.
Al-Kamil was known for these important events in history.
References[change | change source]
- Saint Francis and the Sultan: The Curious History of a Christian-Muslim Encounter, John V. Tolan OUP 2009