Alan García

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Alan García Pérez
61st and 64th President of Peru
In office
28 July 2006 – 28 July 2011
Prime MinisterJorge del Castillo
Yehude Simon
Javier Velásquez
José Antonio Chang
Rosario Fernández
Vice PresidentLuis Giampietri
Lourdes Mendoza
Preceded byAlejandro Toledo
Succeeded byOllanta Humala
In office
28 July 1985 – 28 July 1990
Prime MinisterLuis Alva Castro
Armando Villanueva
Luis Alberto Sánchez
Guillermo Larco Cox
Vice PresidentLuis Alberto Sánchez
Luis Alva Castro
Preceded byFernando Belaúnde Terry
Succeeded byAlberto Fujimori
President of the Peruvian Aprista Party
In office
7 June 2004 – 11 April 2016
Preceded byPosition reestablished
Succeeded byTBD
In office
15 July 1985 – 23 December 1988
Preceded byArmando Villanueva
Succeeded byPosition abolished
General Secretary of the Peruvian Aprista Party
In office
9 October 1982 – 15 July 1985
Preceded byFernando León de Vivero
Succeeded byArmando Villanueva
Luis Negreiros
Personal details
Alan Gabriel Ludwig García Pérez

(1949-05-23)23 May 1949
Lima, Peru
Died17 April 2019(2019-04-17) (aged 69)
Lima, Peru
Political partyAmerican Popular Revolutionary Alliance
Other political
Popular Alliance (2015-2016)
Spouse(s)Carla Buscaglia (Divorced)
Pilar Nores (1978–2019; his death)
Alma materPontifical Catholic University of Peru
National University of San Marcos
Complutense University
Pantheon-Sorbonne University

Alan Gabriel Ludwig García Pérez (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈalaŋ ɡaβˈɾjel luðˈwiɣ ɡarˈsi.a ]; 23 May 1949 – 17 April 2019) was a Peruvian politician. He was the President of Peru from 1985 to 1990 and again from 2006 to 2011.[1] He was the leader of the Peruvian Aprista Party.

His first term, the country went through a severe economic crisis, social unrest and violence. He ran unsuccessfully for the Presidency in 2001, losing in a run-off to Alejandro Toledo.[2] He ran again in 2006 and was elected to a second term, even though his first term in the 1980s was thought to be the worst in the country's history.

During García's second term, Peru had increased environmental damage, according to critics, and increased social conflict, according to the national human rights ombudsman's office.[3]

García ran for a third term as president in the 2016 Peruvian general election as the candidate of the criticized Popular Alliance coalition which included APRA’s old rival, the Christian People’s Party with Lourdes Flores as his first running mate. The election's first round polls gave García 5.83% of the popular vote, preventing him from participating in the runoff election.[4] Pedro Pablo Kuczynski was ultimately elected.[5]

On the morning of 17 April 2019, García shot himself in the neck when police officials were planning to arrest him linked to a corruption scandal.[6] He was hospitalized under critical condition and had emergency surgery where García had three cardiac arrests.[7] He died hours later at a Lima hospital.[8][9][10] García became the second head of state of Peru to die of suicide after Gustavo Jiménez, who did so in 1933.

García is considered one of the most controversial yet talented politicians of Peru's contemporary history.[11] He was known as an immensely charismatic orator.[12]

References[change | change source]

  1. García wins to become Peru president al-Jazeera, 5 June 2006
  2. "The risk of throwing it all away". The Economist. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  3. [1][dead link]
  4. "ONPE - Oficina Nacional de Procesos Electorales". 2016-06-11. Archived from the original on 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2019-04-18.
  5. Anderson, John Lee (10 June 2016). "A surprising coalition brings a new leader to Peru". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on 12 June 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  6. "El ex presidente peruano Alan García se disparó en la cabeza tras recibir una orden de arresto y está en grave estado". Infobae (in European Spanish). 17 April 2019. Retrieved 2019-04-17.
  7. "Peru's ex-president Alan Garcia shoots himself when police tried to arrest him". NBC. 17 April 2019.
  8. "Fallece expresidente peruano Alan García tras dispararse para evitar detención por caso Odebrecht". teleSUR (in Spanish). 17 April 2019. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  9. "Ex-President Alan García of Peru Is Dead After Shooting Himself During Arrest". The New York Times. 17 April 2019. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  10. "Alan García: Peru's former president kills himself ahead of arrest". BBC News. 17 April 2019. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  11. Phillips, Tom; Collyns, Dan (17 April 2019). "Alan García: former Peru president dies after shooting himself before arrest". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  12. Aquino, Marco (19 April 2013). "Peru's former leader Garcia's political life at risk over pardons". Reuters. Retrieved 30 June 2020.