Alcide De Gasperi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Alcide De Gasperi
Alcide de Gasperi 2.jpg
30th Prime Minister of Italy
In office
10 December 1945 – 17 August 1953
Monarch Victor Emmanuel III
Umberto II
Lieutenant General Prince Umberto
President Enrico De Nicola
Luigi Einaudi
Deputy Luigi Einaudi
Randolfo Pacciardi
Giuseppe Saragat
Attilio Piccioni
Giovanni Porzio
Preceded by Ferruccio Parri
Succeeded by Giuseppe Pella
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
26 July 1951 – 17 August 1953
Preceded by Carlo Sforza
Succeeded by Giuseppe Pella
In office
12 December 1944 – 18 October 1946
Prime Minister Ivanoe Bonomi
Ferruccio Parri
Preceded by Ivanoe Bonomi
Succeeded by Pietro Nenni
Minister of the Interior
In office
13 July 1946 – 2 February 1947
Preceded by Giuseppe Romita
Succeeded by Mario Scelba
Provisional Head of State of Italy
In office
18 June 1946 – 28 June 1946
Preceded by King Umberto II
Succeeded by Enrico De Nicola
Minister of the Italian Africa
In office
10 December 1945 – 19 April 1953
Preceded by Ferruccio Parri
Succeeded by Position abolished
President of the European Parliament
In office
1 January 1954 – 19 August 1954
Preceded by Paul Henri Spaak
Succeeded by Giuseppe Pella
Personal details
Born Alcide Amedeo Francesco De Gasperi
(1881-04-03)3 April 1881
Pieve Tesino, Tyrol, Austria-Hungary
Died 19 August 1954(1954-08-19) (aged 73)
Borgo Valsugana, Trentino, Italy
Nationality Italian
Political party UPPT (1906–1920)
PPI (1920–1926)
Independent (1926–1943)
DC (1943–1954)
Spouse(s) Francesca Romani (1894–1954)
Children Maria Romana De Gasperi
and other 3 daughters
Alma mater University of Vienna
Occupation Journalist, politician
Religion Roman Catholicism

Alcide Amedeo Francesco De Gasperi (3 April 1881 – 19 August 1954) was an Italian politician who started the Christian Democracy party, and helped to start the Council of Europe and the European Coal and Steel Community.[1]

He was the Prime Minister of Italy for eight years, between 1945 and 1953. That is longer than any other Italian prime minister except Benito Mussolini, who was a dictator.

De Gasperi was born in Austria-Hungary, and did not become an Italian citizen until after the First World War.[2] In 1927, he was put in prison for one and a half years because he did not support Mussolini's Fascist government. Mussolini released him from prison because the Pope asked him to.

References[change | change source]

  1. The Florentine. "The Florentine - article » In the beginning was De Gasperi". Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  2. "ITALY: Man from the Mountains". TIME.com. 25 May 1953. Retrieved 18 January 2016.