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Portrait of Ali

Alevism or Anatolian Alevism (Kurdish: Rêya Heqî;[1] Persian: علویان; Turkish: Alevilik; Azerbaijani: Ələvilik) is a local Islamic Anatolian tradition,[2] whose adherents follow the Islamic (bāṭenī)[3] teachings of Persian[4][5][6][7][8][9] mystic Haji Bektash Veli, who is supposed to have taught the teachings of Ali and the Twelve Imams. Differing from the Sunni and Shia, Alevis have no binding religious dogmas, and teachings are passed on by a spiritual leader. They acknowledge the six articles of faith of Islam, but may differ regarding their interpretation. The tradition is mainly followed by Kurds and Turks.

Sources[change | change source]

  • Bashir, Shahzad (2008). Olson, Carl (ed.). Celibacy and Religious Traditions. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-530632-3.

References[change | change source]

  1. Gültekin, Ahmet Kerim (2019), Kurdish Alevism: Creating New Ways of Practicing the Religion (PDF), University of Leipzig, p. 10.
  2. "Alevism". Religion and Public Life. Harvard Divinity School, "Alevism is a branch of Shia Islam mixed with Tengrism and Zoroastrianism that is practiced in Turkey among ethnic Anatolian Turks and Kurds (...)"
  3. Radtke, B. (1988). "Bāṭen". Encyclopædia Iranica. Vol. III, Fasc. 8, pp. 859-861.
  4. M. Kia (2011). Daily Life in the Ottoman Empire. Greenwood Pub Group Inc. p. 169, "The Bektashis traced the origins of their order to the Persian Sufi master Hadji Baktāsh Wālī [...]"
  5. Algar, Hamid. (2011) "BEKTĀŠ, ḤĀJĪ". Encyclopædia Iranica. Vol. IV, Fasc. 2, pp. 116–118, "It is nonetheless highly probable that Ḥājī Bektāš did indeed form part of the westward migration that was occasioned by the Mongol invasion of Khora­san and that his origins were therefore Iranian."
  6. R. Khanam (2005). Encyclopaedic ethnography of Middle-East and Central Asia. Global Vision Publishing Ho. p. 142.
  7. The Harvard Theological Review (1909). Cambridge University Press. Vol. 2, No. 3. p. 343.
  8. Sayyed Hossein Nasr (1972). Sufi Essays. SUNY Press. p. 117.
  9. J. Birge (1937). The Bektashi Order of Dervishes. London. chapter VI. p. 22.