|The Alexander Mosaic|
|Year||c. 100 BC|
|Dimensions||272 cm × 513 cm (8 ft 11 in × 16 ft 9 in)|
|Location||National Archaeological Museum, Naples|
The Alexander Mosaic is a Roman floor mosaic from the House of the Faun in Pompeii. It was made in 100 BC. It shows a battle between the armies of Alexander the Great and Darius III of Persia. It measures 2.72 x 5.13m (8 ft 11in x 16 ft 9in). The original is at the Naples National Archaeological Museum. The mosaic is based on a 3rd-century BC Hellenistic painting, by Philoxenos of Eretria.
The mosaic shows the Battle of Issus, between Alexander and Darius. Alexander won the Battle of Issus. Alexander won again two years later at the Battle of Gaugamela.
Alexander and Darius[change | change source]
The two main figures are easy to see. Darius has a worried expression on his face. The Persian soldiers have a stern look.
Modern history[change | change source]
Modern copy[change | change source]
In 2003 the International Center for the Study and Teaching of Mosaic (CISIM) in Ravenna, Italy, wanted to make a copy of the mosaic. The mosaic master Severo Bignami and his eight-person team took a large photograph of the mosaic. It took them 22 months to make a copy of the mosaic. The copy was put in the House of the Faun in 2005.
Gallery[change | change source]
Close up of Alexander.
Close up of Darius.
Centre detail of the Mosaic.
Detail of the Persians on the right side of the Mosaic.
Detail of a fallen sword from the bottom right of the Mosaic.
References[change | change source]
- Honour, H. and J. Fleming, (2009) A World History of Art. 7th edn. London: Laurence King Publishing, p. 178. ISBN 9781856695848
- Woodford, Susan. (1982) The Art of Greece and Rome. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 67. ISBN 0521298733
- Alexander Mosaic Archived 2014-09-26 at the Wayback Machine by Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker, Smarthistory, 2013. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
- Alexander, Piece by Piece.by Marco Merola, Archaeology, Abstracts Vol. 59, No. 1, Jan/Feb 2006. Retrieved 27 September 2014.