Ali ibn Musa

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Ali ibn Musa
Imam reza-224009.jpg
Born766 CE
Died818 CE
Other namesAr-Ridha
Known forMysticism, Shia Imam

Ali ibn Musa (Arabic: علي ابن موسى ‎), also known by his title Ar-Ridha (the contented), was the eighth Shia Imam, after his father Musa al-Kadhim, and before his son Muhammad al-Jawad.[1][2] He was an Imam of knowledge according to the Zaydi (Fiver) Shia school and Sufis. He lived in a period when Abbasid caliphs were facing many difficulties, the most important of which was Shia revolts. The Caliph Al-Mamun tried to fix this problem by appointing Al-Ridha as the next caliph, however, according to the Shia view, when Al-Ma'mun saw that the Imam gained even more popularity, he decided to correct his mistake by poisoning him. The Imam was buried in a village in Khorasan, which afterwards gained the name Mashhad, meaning the place of martyrdom.[3][4] Today the Imam Reza shrine in Mashhad occupies a total area of 598,657 square meters (147.931 acres).[5]

Works[change | change source]

Following works are attributed to him.[6]

  • Al-Risalah al-Dhahabiah (The Golden Treatise)
  • Sahifa Al-Ridha
  • Uyun al Akhbar Al-Ridha
  • Fiqh Al-Ridha (Al-Ridha's Jurisprudence)

References[change | change source]

  1. "The Eighth Imam, 'Ali Ibn Musa, Al-Ridha' (as)". Al-Islam.org.
  2. "His Distinctions and Characteristics". Al-Islam.org.
  3. Donaldson, Dwight M. (1933). The Shi'ite Religion: A History of Islam in Persia and Irak. BURLEIGH PRESS. pp. 161–170.
  4. Tabåatabåa'åi, Muhammad Husayn (1981). A Shi'ite Anthology. Selected and with a Foreword by Muhammad Husayn Tabataba'i; Translated with Explanatory Notes by William Chittick; Under the Direction of and with an Introduction by Hossein Nasr. State University of New York Press. pp. 49–50 & 138–139. ISBN 9780585078182.
  5. "The Glory of the Islamic World -- Imam Reza (A.S.) Network". 12 June 2010.
  6. electricpulp.com. "ʿALĪ AL-REŻĀ – Encyclopaedia Iranica". www.iranicaonline.org.