Alliance '90/The Greens
|Bündnis 90/Die Grünen|
|Leader||Simone Peter and Cem Özdemir|
|Founded||1979 (The Greens)
1993 (Merger of The Greens and Alliance '90)
|Headquarters||Platz vor dem Neuen Tor 1
|Ideology||Green politics, Social progressivism|
|International affiliation||Global Greens|
|European affiliation||European Green Party|
|European Parliament group||Greens / EFA|
|Politics of Germany
Alliance '90/The Greens (German: Bündnis 90/Die Grünen), commonly referred to as (The) Greens, is a political party in Germany. It was formed in 1992 by the Western German party Die Grünen and the Eastern German Bündnis '90. Its main interests are ecology, civil rights, equality between men and women and the chances of immigrants in the German society. Their motto is now, for tomorrow.
History[change | change source]
Early years[change | change source]
In the election to the European Parliament of 1979, their party, the Sonstige Politische Vereinigung Die Grünen, got 3,2 %. They tried again and this time it was accepted and was founded in Karlsruhe on January 13th, 1980.
Since their aims were for civil rights and ecology, a lot of former Anti Vietnam War protesters joined the party. The Greens were pacifists and strictly against nuclear weapons. They wanted to reach a de-militarized Europe.
Leaders[change | change source]
Influence[change | change source]
Problems[change | change source]
The Green lost a lot of their values in that time. They voted for joining the Kosovo War and to attack Serbia in 1999 and lost their social issues. In 2005 they lost their power in the federal government. Currently they are in opposition in the federal and all state parliaments.
Programme[change | change source]
The Greens are interested in ecology, so one of their main issues is saving the earth - especially the climate - without using nuclear power.
The second main issue of the Greens is gender mainstraming.
The third issue are the integration and the chances of immigrants in Germany.
In the foreign policy the Green changed their position in their first period in federal government. Before that time they wanted German soldiers only to allow peace keeping missions of the United Nations, many Greens wanted a de-militarized Germany. After their legislative period - with main influence of foreign secretary Fischer - they accepted to join international military missions e.g. in Afganisthan. But their main issue is to avoid conflicts by development policy and international cooperation. Main issues of foreign policy are international envoirementional and climate saving projects like the Kyoto protocoll, the development of the European Union and a reform of the international law like the installing of the International Crime Court in The Hague.
They are left-winged liberals.
Prominent Green politicians[change | change source]
- Joschka Fischer, former foreign secretary and vice chancellor of Germany
- Petra Kelly, pacifist, first chairman of the Greens
- Jürgen Trittin, former environmental secretary of Germany
- Otto Schily, later SPD and home secretary of Germany
- Renate Künast, former secretary for agriculture of Germany
- Hans-Christian Ströbele, lawyer and former chairman of the Greens, only successful direct candidate of the Greens in the Bundestag
- Cem Ozdemir, co-chairman of the Alliance'90/The Greens party
- Winfried Kretschmann, current Minister President of Baden-Württemberg
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