Alveolar consonant

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

An alveolar consonant is a consonant with the tongue close to the alveolar ridge, which is the part just behind our teeth. Alveolar consonants that are pronounced with the tip of the tongue, like in English, are called apical consonants while those pronounced using the blade of the tongue which is the flat part of the tongue behind the tip, are called laminal consonants. Alveolar consonants in English are [n], [t], [d], [s], and [l]. The alveolar consonants [n], the alveolar nasal, and [t], the voiceless alveolar plosive, are the most common sounds in human languages.

Alveolar consonants in IPA[change | change source]

The alveolar/coronal consonants identified by the IPA are:

IPA Description Example
Language Orthography IPA Meaning in English
alveolar nasal English run [ɹʷʌn] run
voiceless alveolar plosive English tap [tʰæp] tap
voiced alveolar plosive English debt [dɛt] debt
voiceless alveolar fricative English suit [sjuːt] suit
voiced alveolar fricative English zoo [zuː] zoo
voiceless alveolar affricate German Zeit [t͡saɪt] time
voiced alveolar affricate Italian zaino d͡zaino] backpack
voiceless alveolar lateral fricative Welsh Llwyd [ɬʊɪd] the name Lloyd or Floyd
voiced alveolar lateral fricative Zulu dlala ɮálà] to play
t͡ɬ voiceless alveolar lateral affricate Tsez элIни [ˈʔɛ̝t͡ɬni] winter
d͡ɮ voiced alveolar lateral affricate Oowekyala
alveolar approximant English red [ɹʷɛd] red
alveolar lateral approximant English loop [lup] loop
alveolar tap or flap Spanish pero [peɾo] but
alveolar lateral flap Venda [vuɺa] to open
alveolar trill Spanish perro [pero] dog
alveolar ejective stop Georgian [ia] tulip
alveolar ejective fricative Amharic [ɛɡa] grace
voiced alveolar implosive Vietnamese đã [ɗɐː] Past tense indicator
alveolar lateral click Nama ǁî [kǁĩĩ] discussed