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Coordinates: 49°50′54″N 6°6′43″E / 49.84833°N 6.11194°E / 49.84833; 6.11194
From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Alzette winding through Grund, Luxembourg
Course of the Alzette
Physical characteristics
 - locationThil
 - elevation305 m (1,001 ft)
 - locationEttelbruck
 - coordinates49°50′54″N 6°6′43″E / 49.84833°N 6.11194°E / 49.84833; 6.11194
Length73 km (45 mi)
Basin features
ProgressionSauerMoselleRhineNorth Sea
 - leftMess, Pétrusse, Eisch, Attert, Wark

The Alzette (Luxembourgish: Uelzecht, German: Alzig) is a river in France and Luxembourg. It is a right tributary of the Sauer river, and so it is part of the drainage basin of the Rhine river.

The Alzette river is sung in Ons Heemecht, the national anthem of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Wou d'Uelzécht durech d'Wisen zéit,..., French: Où l'Alzette arrose champs et prés..., German: Wo die Alzette durch die Wiesen zieht,...).

Geography[change | change source]

The Alzette river has a length of 73 kilometres (45 miles) but only 2.7 kilometres (1.7 miles) of them are in France.[1] Its drainage basin has an area of 1,172 square kilometres (453 square miles), most of it in Luxembourg.

Course[change | change source]

The Alzette has its source in France in the territory of the commune of Thil in the department of Meurthe-et-Moselle (Lorraine), at an altitude of about 305 metres (1,001 feet). It passes through the French communes of Villerupt (Luxembourgish: Weller) and Audun-le-Tiche (German: Deutsch-Oth, Luxembourgish: Däitsch-Oth.[1]

After a few kilometers, the Alzette enters Luxembourg, flowing through the city of Esch-sur-Alzette (Luxembourgish: Esch-Uelzecht, German: Esch-an-der-Alzette or Esch-an-der-Alzig, French: Esch-sur-Alzette). At Lameschmillen (near Bergem) it is joined by the Mess river.

It flows on a wide floodplain before getting into a narrow valley near Hesperange. Then it flows through the Luxembourgish cities of Luxembourg (where it is joined by the Pétrusse river) and Mersch (where is joined by the Mamer and Eisch rivers). It joins, as a right tributary, the Sauer river near Ettelbruck, at about 193 metres (633 feet) of altitude.

Main tributaries[change | change source]

The main tributaries of the Alzette rivers are left tributaries; those that join the river by the right side are very small streams.

  • Left tributary
    • Mess - 13.7 kilometres (8.5 miles)
    • Pétrusse - 12.8 kilometres (8.0 miles)
    • Mamer - 25.6 kilometres (15.9 miles)
    • Eisch - 23.2 kilometres (14.4 miles)
    • Attert - 30.5 kilometres (19.0 miles)
    • Wark - 30.5 kilometres (19.0 miles)

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "L'Alzette (A89-0200)" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. Retrieved 8 May 2014.

Other websites[change | change source]