Amazon (company)

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Cadabra, Inc. (1994–95)
Traded as
FoundedJuly 5, 1994; 26 years ago (1994-07-05)[citation needed] in Bellevue, Washington, United States
FounderJeff Bezos
Area served
Key people
RevenueIncrease US$232.887 billion (2018)
Increase US$12.421 billion (2018)
Increase US$10.073 billion (2018)
Total assetsDecrease US$162.648 billion (2018)
Total equityDecrease US$43.549 billion (2018)
Number of employees
Increase 647,500 (2018)
Footnotes / references
[1][2][3][4][5], Inc., doing business as Amazon (/ˈæməˌzɒn/), is an American electronic commerce and cloud computing company that was founded on July 5, 1994, by Jeff Bezos and is based in Seattle, Washington. It is the largest Internet-based retailer in the world by total sales and market capitalization.[6] started as an online bookstore, later diversifying to sell DVDs, Blu-rays, CDs, video downloads/streaming, MP3 downloads/streaming, audiobook downloads/streaming, software, video games, electronics, apparel, furniture, food, toys, and jewelry. The company also produces consumer electronics—notably, Kindle e-readers, Fire tablets, Fire TV, and Echo—and is the world's largest provider of cloud computing services (IaaS and PaaS).[7] Amazon also sells certain low-end products like USB cables under its in-house brand AmazonBasics.

Amazon has separate retail websites for the United States, the United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Canada, Germany, Italy, Spain, Netherlands, Australia, Brazil, Japan, China, India, and Mexico. Amazon also offers international shipping to certain other countries for some of its products.[8] In 2016, Dutch, Polish, and Turkish language versions of the German Amazon website were launched.[9][10][11]

In 2015, Amazon surpassed Walmart as the most valuable retailer in the United States by market capitalization,[12] and was in the third quarter of 2016 the fourth most valuable public company.[13]

Subsidiaries[change | change source]

Amazon owns over 40 subsidiaries, including Zappos, Shopbop,, Kiva Systems (now Amazon Robotics), Audible, Goodreads, Teachstreet and IMDb.[14]

Other reading[change | change source]

  • Brandt, Richard L. (2011). One Click: Jeff Bezos and the Rise of New York: Portfolio Penguin. ISBN 978-1-59184-375-7.
  • Daisey, Mike (2002). 21 Dog Years. Free Press. ISBN 0-7432-2580-5.
  • Friedman, Mara (2004). for Dummies. Wiley Publishing. ISBN 0-7645-5840-4.
  • Marcus, James (2004). Amazonia: Five Years at the Epicenter of the Dot.Com Juggernaut. W. W. Norton. ISBN 1-56584-870-5.
  • Spector, Robert (2000). – Get Big Fast: Inside the Revolutionary Business Model That Changed the World. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-662041-4.
  • Stone, Brad (2013). The Everything Store: Jeff Bezos and the Age of Amazon. New York: Little Brown and Co. ISBN 978-0-316-21926-6. OCLC 856249407.

References[change | change source]

  1. Annual report 2017. Seattle, Washington: Amazon. April 4, 2018. Retrieved November 22, 2018.
  2. "AMZN Company Financials".
  3. "Form 10-K". December 31, 2018.
  4. "California Secretary of State Business Search".
  5. "Amazon bought Whole Foods a year ago. Here's what has changed".
  6. Jopson, Barney (July 12, 2011). "Amazon urges California referendum on online tax". Financial Times. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved August 4, 2011.
  7. Synergy Research Group, Reno, NV. "Microsoft Cloud Revenues Leap; Amazon is Still Way Out in Front - Synergy Research Group". maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  8. ", Form 10-K, Annual Report, Filing Date Jan 30, 2013" (PDF). SEC database. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
  9. "Now you can visit in Dutch". Amazon news. 2016-10-04. Retrieved 2016-10-19.
  10. "Amazon jedną nogą w Polsce". Retrieved 2016-10-19.
  11. "Amazon Germany now available in Turkish". November 10, 2016. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
  12. "Inside Amazon: Wrestling Big Ideas in a Bruising Workplace". The New York Times. August 16, 2015.
  13. Cheng, Evelyn (September 23, 2016). "Amazon climbs into top 5 biggest US companies by market cap".
  14. "Amazon Jobs – Work for a Subsidiary". Archived from the original on August 1, 2014. Retrieved October 27, 2014.

Other websites[change | change source]