American Beauty (movie)

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American Beauty
Directed bySam Mendes
Produced byBruce Cohen
Dan Jinks
Written byAlan Ball
StarringKevin Spacey
Annette Bening
Thora Birch
Allison Janney
Peter Gallagher
Mena Suvari
Wes Bentley
Chris Cooper
Music byThomas Newman
CinematographyConrad L. Hall
Edited byTariq Anwar
Christopher Greenbury
Production
company
Jinks/Cohen Company
Distributed byDreamWorks Pictures
Release date
September 8, 1999 (Grauman's Egyptian Theatre)
September 11, 1999 (TIFF)
September 15, 1999 (United States)
Running time
122 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$15 million
Box office$356.3 million

American Beauty is a 1999 American drama movie directed by Sam Mendes and written by Alan Ball. Kevin Spacey stars as Lester Burnham, an advertising executive who has a midlife crisis when he becomes infatuated with his teenage daughter's best friend, played by Mena Suvari. Annette Bening stars as Lester's materialistic wife, Carolyn, and Thora Birch plays their insecure daughter, Jane. Wes Bentley, Chris Cooper, and Allison Janney also feature. Academics have described the movie as a satire of American middle-class notions of beauty and personal satisfaction; further analysis has focused on the film's explorations of romantic and paternal love, sexuality, materialism, self-liberation, and redemption.

Ball began writing American Beauty as a play in the early 1990s, partly inspired by the media circus that accompanied the Amy Fisher trial in 1992. He shelved the play after deciding that the story would not work on stage. After several years as a television screenwriter, Ball revived the idea in 1997 when attempting to break into the movie industry. The rewritten script had a cynical outlook influenced by Ball's frustrating tenures writing for several sitcoms. Producers Dan Jinks and Bruce Cohen took the script for American Beauty to the fledgling DreamWorks studio, which bought it for $250,000, outbidding several other production bodies. DreamWorks financed the $15 million production and served as its North American distributor. American Beauty marked acclaimed theater director Mendes' movie debut; courted after his successful productions of the musicals Oliver! and Cabaret, Mendes was nevertheless only given the job after twenty others were considered and several A-list directors reportedly turned down the opportunity.

Spacey was Mendes' first choice for the role of Lester, though DreamWorks urged him to consider better-known actors. Similarly, the studio suggested several actresses for the role of Carolyn until Mendes offered the part to Bening without the studio's knowledge. Filming took place between December 1998 and February 1999 on sound stages at the Warner Bros. backlot in Burbank, California and on location in Los Angeles. Mendes' dominant directorial style was deliberate and composed; he made extensive use of static shots and slow pans and zooms to generate tension. Cinematographer Conrad L. Hall complemented Mendes' style with peaceful shot compositions to contrast with the turbulent on-screen events. During editing, Mendes made several changes that softened the cynical tone of Ball's script.

Released in North America on September 17, 1999, American Beauty was acclaimed by critics and audiences; it was the best-reviewed American film of the year and grossed over $350 million worldwide. Reviewers praised most aspects of the production, with particular emphasis on Mendes, Spacey and Ball; criticism tended to focus on the familiarity of the characters and setting. DreamWorks launched a major campaign to increase American Beauty's chances of Oscar success; at the 2000 ceremony the movie won Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor (for Spacey), Best Original Screenplay, and Best Cinematography. The movie was nominated for and won many other awards and honors, mainly for directing, writing and acting.

Release dates[change | change source]

Country Premiere
 United States 1 October 1999
 Israel 13 January 2000
  Switzerland 20 January 2000 (German speaking region)
 Germany 20 January 2000
 Netherlands 20 January 2000
 Finland 21 January 2000
 Italy 21 January 2000
 Australia 26 January 2000
 Spain 28 January 2000
 Iceland 28 January 2000
 Norway 28 January 2000
 Portugal 28 January 2000
 Belgium 2 February 2000
  Switzerland 2 February 2000 (French speaking region)
 France 2 February 2000
 United Kingdom 4 February 2000
 Ireland 4 February 2000
 Poland 11 February 2000
 Argentina 17 February 2000
 Czech Republic 17 February 2000
 Hungary 17 February 2000
 New Zealand 17 February 2000
 Slovakia 17 February 2000
 Denmark 18 February 2000
 Greece 18 February 2000
 Romania 18 February 2000
 Turkey 18 February 2000
 Venezuela 23 February 2000
 Chile 24 February 2000
 Brazil 25 February 2000
 Colombia 25 February 2000
 Mexico 25 February 2000
 Sweden 25 February 2000
 Uruguay 25 February 2000
 South Korea 26 February 2000
 Hong Kong 2 March 2000
 Singapore 2 March 2000
 Taiwan 4 March 2000
 Thailand 17 March 2000
 Russia 22 March 2000
 Estonia 24 March 2000
 Japan 29 April 2000
 Kuwait 10 May 2000

Other websites[change | change source]