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American Independent Party

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
American Independent Party
ChairmanMarkham Robinson (CA)[1]
Vice ChairmanMark Seidenberg (CA)[1]
FoundedJuly 8, 1967; 57 years ago (1967-07-08)
Headquarters476 Deodara St.
Vacaville, California 95688
Political positionIndependent politicians
National affiliationAmerica's Party[3]
Colors  Purple
State Senate
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State House
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The American Independent Party is a political party in the United States that was established in California in 1967 by Bill and Eileen Shearer. It gained significant attention during the 1968 US Presidential Election when it nominated George Wallace, the then-governor of Alabama, as its candidate.

The party is known for giving support to independent candidates, most recently, in 2024, nominating Robert F. Kennedy Jr. for the California presidential ballot.[4]

Background information[change | change source]

Wallace's 1969 AIP party card, showing annual dues of $3.00 for the organization

The party's support base initially included individuals from the Democratic Party (United States) who were opposed to the desegregation policies prevalent at the time, and it achieved notable electoral success in some Southern states.

Over time, the party became closer to the conservative movement and it renounced policy against racial equality. Today, the party still exists but many of its original members have left: most of the earlier members returned to the Democratic Party after the 1969 election and its later members have moved to the Constitution Party.

In 1967, the AIP was founded by Bill Shearer and his wife, Eileen Knowland Shearer. It nominated George C. Wallace (Democrat) as its presidential candidate and retired U.S. Air Force General Curtis E. LeMay as the vice-presidential candidate. Wallace ran on every state ballot in the election, though he did not represent the American Independent Party in all fifty states: in Connecticut, for instance, he was listed on the ballot as the nominee of the "George Wallace Party." The Wallace/LeMay ticket received 13.5 percent of the popular vote and 46 electoral votes from the states of Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Georgia, and Alabama. No third-party candidate has won more than one electoral vote since the 1968 election.[5][6]

Presidential tickets[change | change source]

Year Presidential nominee[7] Home state Previous positions Vice presidential nominee Home state Previous positions Votes References
George Wallace
 Alabama Governor of Alabama

Curtis LeMay
 California General of the United States Air Force
Commander-in-Chief of the Strategic Air Command
Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force
Chief of Staff of the Air Force
9,906,473 (13.5%)
46 EV
John G. Schmitz
 California Member of the United States House of Representatives from California's 35th district

Thomas J. Anderson
 Tennessee Magazine publisher 1,099,482 (1.4%)
0 EV
Lester Maddox
 Georgia Governor of Georgia
Lieutenant Governor of Georgia

William Dyke
 Wisconsin Mayor of Madison
Candidate for Governor of Wisconsin
170,531 (0.2%)
0 EV
John Rarick
 Louisiana Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana's 6th district
Eileen Shearer  California Co-founder of the American Independent Party 41,268 (<0.1%)
0 EV
Bob Richards
 Texas Retired Olympic athlete
(1948; 1952; 1956)

Maureen Kennedy Salaman
 California Writer, nutritionist 66,336 (0.1%)
0 EV
1988 James C. Griffin  Texas Nominee for United States Senator from California
Nominee for Governor of California
Nominee for Lieutenant Governor of California
Charles Morsa 27,818 (<0.1%)
0 EV
Howard Phillips
(U.S. Taxpayers')
 Virginia Chairman of The Conservative Caucus
Candidate for United States Senator from Massachusetts
Albion W. Knight  Florida Presiding Bishop of the United Episcopal Church of North America
43,369 (<0.1%)
0 EV
Howard Phillips
(U.S. Taxpayers')
 Virginia Chairman of The Conservative Caucus
Candidate for United States Senator from Massachusetts
Nominee for President of the United States
Herbert Titus  Oregon Lawyer, writer 184,656 (0.2%)
0 EV
Howard Phillips
 Virginia Chairman of The Conservative Caucus
Candidate for United States Senator from Massachusetts
Nominee for President of the United States
(1992; 1996)
Curtis Frazier  Missouri Candidate for United States Senator from Missouri
98,020 (0.1%)
0 EV
2004 Michael Peroutka
 Maryland Lawyer
Founder of the Institute on the Constitution

Chuck Baldwin
 Florida Pastor, radio host 143,630 (0.1%)
0 EV
Alan Keyes
(America's Independent)
 New York Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs
Candidate for United States Senator from Maryland
(1988; 1992)
Candidate for President of the United States
(1996; 2000)
Candidate for United States Senator from Illinois
Wiley Drake  California Minister, radio host 47,694 (<0.1%)
0 EV
2012 Tom Hoefling
 Iowa Activist Robert Ornelas  California Activist 40,641 (<0.1%)
0 EV
2016 Trump smiling
Donald Trump
 New York Businessman
Chairman of The Trump Organization

Mike Pence
 Indiana Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's 2nd district
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's 6th district
Governor of Indiana
62,984,825 (46.1%)
304 EV
Rocky De La Fuente
(Alliance; Reform)
 California Businessman and perennial candidate
Kanye West
(Independent; Birthday)
 Wyoming Rapper, producer and fashion designer;
2020 presidential candidate
60,160 (0.34%) 0 EV [11]

Robert F. Kennedy Jr. (Reform; We The People; Texas Independent; Natural Law; Independent of Delaware)

 California Environmental lawyer Nicole Shanahan  California Attorney TBD [12]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "American Independent Party Leadership, State Central Committee for Term Ending 09/03/2020". American Independent Party. 2019. Archived from the original on 2021-02-25. Retrieved 2021-01-16.
  2. John Myers, Would-be independents joining the American Independent Party could blame California's voter registration card, Los Angeles Times (April 19, 2016).
  3. "History of the American Independent Party". American Independent Party. 2011. Archived from the original on 2018-12-24. Retrieved 2021-01-16.
  4. "Robert F. Kennedy Jr. says he has qualified for California's presidential ballot". Los Angeles Times. 2024-04-30. Retrieved 2024-05-02.
  5. Chrostopher D. Rodkey, "Third Parties" in Culture Wars: An Encyclopedia of Issues, Viewpoints and Voices (eds. Roger Chapman & James Ciment: 2d ed: Routledge, 2015), p. 665.
  6. ""Conservative third parties since the New Deal" in The Princeton Encyclopedia of American Political History (Vol. 1) (eds. Michael Kazin, Rebecca Edwards & Adam Rothman: Princeton University Press, 2010), p. 195.
  7. And political party if different from the AIP.
  8. Wallace and LeMay carried five states, receiving 45 electoral votes, plus one from a North Carolina faithless elector.
  9. Joseph Sobran was the original vice presidential nominee, but he withdrew from the ticket and was replaced by Frazier.
  10. Mejia Davis, Edward. "Trump is the nominee of George Wallace's American Independent Party in California". CNN. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  11. Winger, Richard (August 15, 2020). "American Independent Party Nominates Rocky De La Fuente for President and Kanye West for Vice-President". Ballot Access News. Archived from the original on August 15, 2020. Retrieved January 16, 2021.
  12. Robert F. Kennedy Jr. (2024-04-29), RFK Jr.: Officially On The Ballot In California, retrieved 2024-05-31