American Independent Party

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American Independent Party
ChairmanMarkham Robinson (CA)[1]
Vice ChairmanMark Seidenberg (CA)[1]
FoundedJuly 8, 1967; 53 years ago (1967-07-08)
Headquarters476 Deodara St.
Vacaville, California 95688
IdeologyPaleoconservatism[2]
Political positionFar-right[3][4][5][6]
National affiliationAmerica's Party[7]
Colors  Purple
State Senate
0 / 40
State House
0 / 80
Party flag
200px
Website
aipca.org

American Independent Party is a right-wing political party of the United States founded in California in 1967 by Bill and Eileen Shearer. It is most notable for George Wallace running in the 1968 US Election. That year, it was made up of Democrats opposed to the ending of racial segregation and was most successful in Southern states (Wallace was governor of the Southern state of Alabama).

Over time, the party became closer to the conservative movement and it renounced its policy against racial equality. Today, the party still exists but many of its members have left: most of the earlier members returned to the Democratic Party after the 1969 election and its later members have moved to the Constitution Party. The AIP has endorsed the Constitution Party nominee for President in recent years.

Background information[change | change source]

Wallace's 1969 AIP party card, showing annual dues of $3.00 for the organization

In 1967, the AIP was founded by Bill Shearer and his wife, Eileen Knowland Shearer. It nominated George C. Wallace (Democrat) as its presidential candidate and retired U.S. Air Force General Curtis E. LeMay as the vice-presidential candidate. Wallace ran on every state ballot in the election, though he did not represent the American Independent Party in all fifty states: in Connecticut, for instance, he was listed on the ballot as the nominee of the "George Wallace Party." The Wallace/LeMay ticket received 13.5 percent of the popular vote and 46 electoral votes from the states of Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Georgia, and Alabama. No third-party candidate has won more than one electoral vote since the 1968 election.[8][9]

Presidential tickets[change | change source]

Year Presidential nominee[10] Home state Previous positions Vice presidential nominee Home state Previous positions Votes References
1968 George C Wallace.jpg
George Wallace
Democratic
(campaign)
 Alabama Governor of Alabama
(1963–1967)
Curtis LeMay (USAF).jpg
Curtis LeMay
 California General of the United States Air Force
(1951–1965)
Commander-in-Chief of the Strategic Air Command
(1948–1957)
Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force
(1957–1961)
Chief of Staff of the Air Force
(1961–1965)
9,906,473 (13.5%)
46 EV
[11]
1972 John G. Schmitz.jpg
John G. Schmitz
 California Member of the United States House of Representatives from California's 35th district
(1970–1973)
Thomas J. Anderson.jpg
Thomas J. Anderson
 Tennessee Magazine publisher 1,099,482 (1.4%)
0 EV
1976 Lester Maddox.jpg
Lester Maddox
 Georgia Governor of Georgia
(1967–1971)
Lieutenant Governor of Georgia
(1971–1975)
William Dyke.jpg
William Dyke
 Wisconsin Mayor of Madison
(1969–1973)
Candidate for Governor of Wisconsin
(1974)
170,531 (0.2%)
0 EV
1980 John Rarick.jpg
John Rarick
 Louisiana Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana's 6th district
(1967–1975)
Eileen Shearer  California Co-founder of the American Independent Party 41,268 (<0.1%)
0 EV
1984 Robert E. Richards.jpg
Bob Richards
(Populist)
 Texas Retired Olympic athlete
(1948; 1952; 1956)
Maureen K Salaman.jpg
Maureen Kennedy Salaman
 California Writer, nutritionist 66,336 (0.1%)
0 EV
1988 James C. Griffin  Texas Nominee for United States Senator from California
(1980)
Nominee for Governor of California
(1982)
Nominee for Lieutenant Governor of California
(1986)
Charles Morsa 27,818 (<0.1%)
0 EV
1992 Howard Phillips -v2.JPG
Howard Phillips
(U.S. Taxpayers')
 Virginia Chairman of The Conservative Caucus
Candidate for United States Senator from Massachusetts
(1978)
Albion W. Knight  Florida Presiding Bishop of the United Episcopal Church of North America
(1989–1992)
43,369 (<0.1%)
0 EV
1996 Howard Phillips -v2.JPG
Howard Phillips
(U.S. Taxpayers')
 Virginia Chairman of The Conservative Caucus
Candidate for United States Senator from Massachusetts
(1978)
Nominee for President of the United States
(1992)
Herbert Titus  Oregon Lawyer, writer 184,656 (0.2%)
0 EV
2000 Howard Phillips -v2.JPG
Howard Phillips
(Constitution)
 Virginia Chairman of The Conservative Caucus
Candidate for United States Senator from Massachusetts
(1978)
Nominee for President of the United States
(1992; 1996)
Curtis Frazier  Missouri Candidate for United States Senator from Missouri
(1998)
98,020 (0.1%)
0 EV
[12]
2004 Michael Peroutka
(Constitution)
 Maryland Lawyer
Founder of the Institute on the Constitution
CBaldwin08 (cropped).jpg
Chuck Baldwin
 Florida Pastor, radio host 143,630 (0.1%)
0 EV
2008 Alan Keyes speech.jpg
Alan Keyes
(America's Independent)
 New York Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs
(1985–1987)
Candidate for United States Senator from Maryland
(1988; 1992)
Candidate for President of the United States
(1996; 2000)
Candidate for United States Senator from Illinois
(2004)
Wiley Drake  California Minister, radio host 47,694 (<0.1%)
0 EV
2012 Tom Hoefling
(America's)
 Iowa Activist Robert Ornelas  California Activist 40,641 (<0.1%)
0 EV
2016 Trump smiling
Donald Trump
(Republican)
 New York Businessman
Chairman of The Trump Organization
(1971–2017)
Mike Pence official Vice Presidential portrait.jpg
Mike Pence
 Indiana Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's 2nd district
(2001–2003)
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's 6th district
(2003–2013)
Governor of Indiana
(2013–2017)
62,984,825 (46.1%)
304 EV
[13]
2020 Rocky De La Fuente1 (2) (cropped).jpg
Rocky De La Fuente
(Alliance; Reform)
 California Businessman and perennial candidate Kanye West at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival-2 (cropped).jpg
Kanye West
(Independent; Birthday)
 Wyoming Rapper, producer and fashion designer;
2020 presidential candidate
60,160 (0.34%) 0 EV [14]

Since the fracture of the American Independent Party between the King and Noonan factions, control of the State Party, and thus the ballot line, has been in the hands of the Noonan faction. Attempts to nominate Chuck Baldwin (the 2008 Constitution nominee) or Virgil Goode (the 2012 Constitution nominee) were unsuccessful, as were their independent efforts to make it onto the California presidential ballot.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "American Independent Party Leadership, State Central Committee for Term Ending 09/03/2020". American Independent Party. 2019.
  2. John Myers, Would-be independents joining the American Independent Party could blame California's voter registration card, Los Angeles Times (April 19, 2016).
  3. James Aho, Far-Right Fantasy: A Sociology of American Religion and Politics (Routledge, 2015), p. 15.
  4. George Michael, Willis Carto and the American Far Right (University Press of Florida, 2008), p. 160.
  5. Martin Durham, The Christian Right, the Far Right and the Boundaries of American Conservatism (Manchester University Press, 2000), p. 8.
  6. "Many American Independent Party voters in California are mis-registered".
  7. "History of the American Independent Party". American Independent Party. 2011.
  8. Chrostopher D. Rodkey, "Third Parties" in Culture Wars: An Encyclopedia of Issues, Viewpoints and Voices (eds. Roger Chapman & James Ciment: 2d ed: Routledge, 2015), p. 665.
  9. ""Conservative third parties since the New Deal" in The Princeton Encyclopedia of American Political History (Vol. 1) (eds. Michael Kazin, Rebecca Edwards & Adam Rothman: Princeton University Press, 2010), p. 195.
  10. And political party if different from the AIP.
  11. Wallace and LeMay carried five states, receiving 45 electoral votes, plus one from a North Carolina faithless elector.
  12. Joseph Sobran was the original vice presidential nominee, but he withdrew from the ticket and was replaced by Frazier.
  13. Mejia Davis, Edward. "Trump is the nominee of George Wallace's American Independent Party in California". CNN. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  14. Winger, Richard (August 15, 2020). "American Independent Party Nominates Rocky De La Fuente for President and Kanye West for Vice-President". Ballot Access News. Archived from the original on August 15, 2020.