American literature

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American literature is literature written by Americans or in the United States.

19th Century[change | change source]

The 19th century was a fertile era for the American novel and poetry.[1] The most popular American novelists of the 19th Century were women.[1] Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin about slavery in America. Luisa May Alcott wrote the popular novel Little Women about the dreams and hardships of sisters growing up in rural America.

Herman Melville wrote the famous novel Moby Dick, about a whaling in America. Moby Dick is often called the greatest American novels.[2] Emily Dickinson is one of the greatest American poets. Dickinson wrote many lyrical, religious, philosophical poems.[3] Walt Whitman wrote the epic poem Leaves of Grass.[4][5] Masterpieces of Gothic fiction include Nathaniel Hawthorn's Fall of the House of Usher and The Scarlet Letter). Charlotte Perkins Gilman's feminist classic "The Yellow Wallpaper" is also Gothic fiction. Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau wrote philosophical essays. Their philosophical school of thought is called Transcendentalism.

20th Century[change | change source]

The 20th Century is often called The American Century in art. Novelists of the modern era include William Faulkner, John Steinbeck, T.S. Eliot, Ernest Hemingway, Sinclair Lewis, and Pearl Buck.

Toni Morrison, Eugene O'Neill, Saul Bellow, Joseph Brodsky and Isaac Bashevis Singer won the Nobel Prize in Literature.

21st Century[change | change source]

Contemporary writers of the 21st century include Don Delillo, Paul Auster, Jennifer Egan, Colson Whitehead, Giannina Braschi, David Foster Wallace, and Jonathan Frazen. These writers are often called Postmodern authors.




  1. 1.0 1.1 "19th-Century Novels". www.loa.org. Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  2. McCrum, Robert (2014-01-13). "The 100 best novels: No 17 – Moby-Dick by Herman Melville (1851)". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  3. Poets, Academy of American. "About Emily Dickinson | Academy of American Poets". poets.org. Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  4. "The poets of the nineteenth century". Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  5. Poets, Academy of American. "About Walt Whitman | Academy of American Poets". poets.org. Retrieved 2020-09-17.