American toad

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American toad
Bufo americanus PJC1.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Bufo
Subgenus: Anaxyrus
Species: B. americanus
Binomial name
Bufo americanus
Holbrook, 1836
Subspecies
  • B. a. americanus
  • B. a. charlesmithi
  • B. a. copei
B americanus range23.png
Habitat range of B. americanus
Synonyms

Anaxyrus americanus[1]

The American toad (Bufo americanus) is a species of toad. They live in eastern United States and Canada. There are three subspecies: the eastern American toad, the dwarf American toad, and the rare Hudson Bay toad.

Subspecies[change | change source]

Eastern American toad[change | change source]

The eastern American toad (A. a. americanus) is a medium-sized toad. Most of the time, its size is 5–9 cm (2.0–3.5 in).[2] The biggest one measured was 11.1 centimetres (4.4 in).[3]

Dwarf American toad[change | change source]

The dwarf American toad (A. a. charlesmithi) is smaller than the eastern American toad. Its size is 6 cm (2 14 in).

Hudson Bay toad[change | change source]

The Hudson Bay toad (A. a. copei) is a rare toad.[4] Small groups of them are found in north Ontario.

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Frost, DR, et al. (2006) The amphibian tree of life. Bulletin of the AMNH ; no. 297
  2. American toad (Bufo americanus) Archived June 18, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., Natural Resources Canada
  3. Conant, Roger (1975). A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-19979-4. 
  4. "American toad". Frog Toad Newt and Salamander Species of Canada. amphibians.ca. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 

Other websites[change | change source]