Andreas Sparman

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Sundhetzens Speghel (1642)

Andreas Sparman or Andreas Palmcron (1609 – November 30, 1658) was a Swedish doctor. He was the personal physician to Queen Christina and King Charles X Gustav of Sweden. He is most known for his book, Sundhetzens Speghel, which is considered to be the best medical book of the century, and is sometimes considered to be the first Swedish cookbook.[1]

Life[change | change source]

Andreas Sparman was born Andreas Schomerus in Sparrsätra parish, Uppsala County, Sweden. He died in Stockholm.[2] When he wrote his dissertation in 1629, he used the name "Schomerus", but later changed his name to Sparrman, for his birthplace. He was knighted in 1647 with the name Palmcron.[3]

Sparman's father was Nikolaus Olai. His mother was Susanna Andersdotter. His first wife was Helena Isaksdotter. His second wife was Susanna Lilliecrona. He had a daughter, Brita Susanna Palmkron, with his second wife.[4]

Sparman studied medicine in the city of Leiden, in the Netherlands. After he returned to Sweden he became the city doctor for Stockholm. Later, he was the personal doctor to Queen Christina and Charles X Gustav of Sweden.[2]

Books[change | change source]

Sundhetzens speghel (1642)

In connection with the plague epidemic in 1638, Sparman wrote an educational book about the plague. It was a summary of how to prevent and treat the disease. It was published again during plague epidemics in 1652 and 1710.[2]

In 1642, Sparman wrote the most complete book ever published about preventive health care, Sundhetzen's Speghel, uthi hwilken man beskodhar Sundhetzens Natur,... or "Mirror of Health, from which one may learn the nature of health, the principle causes of all diseases which chiefly undermine health, together with the remedies which deliver us from them". [5] It is considered the best läkebok or medical book of the century. Part of the book is written in the form of the alexandrine French poetry meter. It was probably based on some foreign works.[2] Sparman's book warned about the medical dangers of alcohol.[6]

Because of the severe rödsots or dysentery epidemics, in 1652 Sparman wrote about how to prevent dysentery.[2]

Sparman also translated the hymns of the Psalms. He got permission to publish them, but they were never published.[2]

Other websites[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Formats and Editions of Sundhetzens speghel, vthi hwilken man beskodhar sundhetzens natur, förnämste orsakerne til alla siukdomar ... [WorldCat.org]".
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 "Andreas Palmcron - Svenskt Biografiskt Lexikon".
  3. "Sparman Andreas (adlad Palmcron) 1609-1658 - gastronomi.nu".
  4. "Andreas Palmkron".
  5. (U.S.), National Library of Medicine (1 January 1911). "Index-catalogue of the Library of the Surgeon-general's Office, United States Army: Authors and Subjects ..." U.S. Government Printing Office – via Google Books.
  6. Susanna Alexius, Daniel Castillo and Martin Rosenström (November 2011). "Contestation in transition: Value-conflicts and the organization of markets - the cases of alcohol, gambling and coal" (PDF). Retrieved 5 February 2017.