Annapolis, Maryland

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Annapolis, Maryland
State capital and city
City of Annapolis
Downtown Annapolis, Maryland
Downtown Annapolis, Maryland
Flag of Annapolis, Maryland
Flag
Nickname(s): "America's Sailing Capital," "Sailing Capital of the World," "Naptown," "Crabtown on the Bay"
Motto(s): "Vixi Liber Et Moriar"
("I have lived, and I shall die, free")
Location in Anne Arundel County, Maryland
Annapolis is located in Maryland
Annapolis
Annapolis
Location in Maryland, the United States, and North America
Annapolis is located in the US
Annapolis
Annapolis
Annapolis (the US)
Annapolis is located in North America
Annapolis
Annapolis
Annapolis (North America)
Coordinates: 38°58′23″N 76°30′04″W / 38.97306°N 76.50111°W / 38.97306; -76.50111Coordinates: 38°58′23″N 76°30′04″W / 38.97306°N 76.50111°W / 38.97306; -76.50111
Country United States
State Maryland
County Anne Arundel
Founded1649
Incorporated1708
Named forPrincess Anne of Denmark & Norway
Government
 • MayorGavin Buckley (D)
 • City Council[1]
Area
 • Total8.10 sq mi (20.98 km2)
 • Land7.18 sq mi (18.60 km2)
 • Water0.92 sq mi (2.38 km2)
Elevation39 ft (12 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total38,394
 • Estimate (2016)39,418
 • Density4,700/sq mi (1,800/km2)
Demonym(s)Annapolitan[2]
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes21401-21405, 21409, 21411-21412
Area code(s)410, 443
FIPS code24-01600
GNIS feature ID0595031
HighwaysI-97, US 50, US 301, MD 2, MD 70, MD 178, MD 450, MD 665
Websitewww.annapolis.gov

Annapolis is the capital city of the U.S. state of Maryland. As of the census held in the year 2010, its population was 38,394.[3] It is home to the United States Naval Academy, where the United States Naval Officers get their training. It is also home to Saint John's College, originally King William's School founded in 1696. Annapolis is the oldest seat of government still in service in America.

Annapolis became the temporary capital of the United States after the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1783. Congress was in session in the state house from November 26, 1783 to June 3, 1784, and it was in Annapolis on December 23, 1783 that General Washington resigned his commission as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army.

Annapolis is also known as the sailing capital of the U.S., situated on the Chesapeake Bay, the largest inland tidal estuary in the world. The Chesapeake is Maryland's canary in the coal mine, troubled for the last 50 years by ever increasing degradation as an indicator of its citizens concern for economic or material value over that of their land. The Chesapeake Bay can not sustain the higher life that once proliferated these waters, and 3 of the main harvests need to be re-stocked by man in order to maintain 1/10th (or less) of the numbers - Oysters and Rockfish, and more recently as reported in the Capital, Blue Crab stocks are at an all-time and ever-decreasing low, with scientists from University of Maryland researching how to raise crabs for re-introduction.

Chesapeake Bay Native plants and animals are often crowded out by invasive species which are more hardy to the now-polluted environment. Fragmites, the Chinese Mitten Crab, English Ivy, and the Mute Swan are examples of invasive species thriving in this man-altered environment.

Annapolis is the only capital city in America east of the Mississippi River without any rail transportation.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Municipalities: Annapolis". Maryland Manual On-Line. Maryland State Archives. January 9, 2014. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
  2. Garner, Bryan (2009). Garner's Modern American Usage (3 ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 238. ISBN 9780195382754.
  3. "Annapolis (city) Quick Facts from the U.S. Census Bureau". Retrieved November 26, 2011.