Anti-Semitism, in a broader meaning is prejudice against Samaritans, Jews, Palestinians and others Arabs and Assyrians. In its narrower meaning it is the hatred of or prejudice against Jews. The word semite talks about a family of languages and its speakers, which include those of Jewish blood and those who speak Arabic. But, in this usage, it is used for Jews only. Anti-semitism has a long history, but the most well known act of anti-semitism is the Holocaust, also known as the Final Solution, a genocide which happened between 1933 and 1945. The plan was to totally get rid of the Jewish people in Europe, but only 60-75% of them were killed. Around six million European Jews were killed because of the Nazi leader Adolf Hitler. He said that Jews were a racial group with naturally bad features. Less commonly, it can also mean prejudice against speakers of Semitic languages or adherents of Abrahamic religions.
Anti-semitism is still common today. In a 2011 survey by the Pew Research Center, all of the Muslim-majority Middle Eastern countries polled had very bad opinions of Jews. Only 2% of Egyptians, 3% of Lebanese Muslims, and 2% of Jordanians reported having a good view of Jews. In a 2013 survey of 5,847 Jewish people in Europe, 76% thought that anti-semitism has increased in the past five years and 29% had thought about moving countries because they felt unsafe. Some related words include Judeophobia and Israelophobia.
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References[change | change source]
- 2008, Gary Hewitt, Bethlehem speaks: voices from the little town cry out - Page 76
- The raft of Mohammed, Jean-Pierre Péroncel-Hugoz - 1988, p. 50