Antonin Scalia

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Antonin Scalia
Portrait of Antonin Scalia, Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court
Born Antonin Gregory Scalia
March 11, 1936(1936-03-11)
Trenton, New Jersey, U.S
Died February 12/13, 2016 (aged 79)
Shafter, Texas, U.S.
Alma mater Georgetown University
Harvard Law School
Predecessor William Rehnquist
Successor Vacant
Political party Republican[1][2]
Religion Roman Catholicism
Spouse(s) Maureen McCarthy (m. 1960–present) «start: (1960-09-10)»"Marriage: Maureen McCarthy to Antonin Scalia" Location: (linkback://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonin_Scalia)
Children 9, including Eugene
Signature
A cursive, not particularly legible "Antonin Scalia"

Antonin Gregory Scalia (March 11, 1936February 13, 2016[3]) was a Conservative jurist on the Supreme Court of the United States. He was an Associate Justice. Scalia was put on the Court in 1986 by Ronald Reagan and was the longest-serving justice on the Court. Before becoming a justice, he was on the District of Columbia Court of Appeals and was a law professor. He was a Roman Catholic[4] born to Italian American parents. He was the first Italian-American on the Court.

Scalia was born in Trenton, New Jersey, but grew up in Queens, New York. Scalia went to Georgetown University, the University of Fribourg, Switzerland, and Harvard Law School[5]. He began his career in Cleveland, Ohio and traveled to Chicago, Illinois during his early life.

Scalia was noted for holding a conservative approach to the law.[6] He also believed in originalism. This means he wanted the Constitution interpreted exactly as its framers had wanted it. Scalia and fellow judge Clarence Thomas often had the same viewpoints. He was friends with justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

Scalia died in his sleep on February 13, 2016 at a ranch in Shafter, Texas at the age of 79.[3] His death left a split in the court with 4 conservatives and 4 liberals. President Barack Obama said he would choose Scalia's successor in "due time". President Obama, former Governor of Texas Rick Perry, Governor of Ohio John Kasich, former Presidents George H. W. Bush, Bill Clinton and George W. Bush, Senators Ted Cruz, Marco Rubio, and Bernie Sanders, and Vice president Joe Biden all reacted to his death.

On March 16, 2016, President Obama nominated Merrick Garland to replace Scalia.[7]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nemacheck 2008.
  2. Hakim, Christian (2 November 2015). "Democrat or Republican: The 2016 Election and The Supreme Court". Juris: Duquesne Law School Magazine (Duquesne Law School). http://jurismagazine.com/democrat-or-republican-the-2016-election-and-the-supreme-court/. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Barnes, Robert. "Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia dies at 79". https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/supreme-court-justice-antonin-scalia-dies-at-79/2016/02/13/effe8184-a62f-11e3-a5fa-55f0c77bf39c_story.html. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  4. Molotski, Irwin (June 18, 1986), "The Supreme Court: Man in the News; Judge with tenacity and charm: Antonin Scalia", The New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/1986/06/18/us/the-supreme-court-man-in-the-news-judge-with-tenacity-and-charm-antonin-scalia.html?scp=2&sq=Antonin+Scalia&st=nyt, retrieved January 12, 2010
  5. "Biographies of Current Justices of the Supreme Court". Supreme Court of the United States. United States Government. February 9, 2016. http://www.supremecourt.gov/about/biographies.aspx. Retrieved February 13, 2016.
  6. Liptak, Alan (February 13, 2016), "Justice Antonin Scalia, Who Led a Conservative Renaissance on the Supreme Court, Is Dead at 79", The New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/14/us/antonin-scalia-death.html, retrieved February 13, 2016
  7. "Obama Chooses Merrick Garland For Supreme Court". The New York Times.com. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/17/us/politics/obama-supreme-court-nominee.html?_r=0. Retrieved March 17, 2016.

Other websites[change | change source]