Anuradhapura

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Anuradhapura
අනුරාධපුර
அனுராதபுரம்
Ruwanwelisaya
Anuradhapura is located in Sri Lanka
Anuradhapura
Anuradhapura
Location in Sri Lanka
Coordinates: 8°20′6″N 80°24′39″E / 8.33500°N 80.41083°E / 8.33500; 80.41083Coordinates: 8°20′6″N 80°24′39″E / 8.33500°N 80.41083°E / 8.33500; 80.41083
CountrySri Lanka
ProvinceNorth Central Province
DistrictAnuradhapura
Established5th century BC
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
Area
 • City7,179 km2 (2,772 sq mi)
 • Urban
36 km2 (14 sq mi)
Elevation
81 m (266 ft)
Population
 (2012)
 • City50,595
 • Density2,314/km2 (5,990/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Anuradhians
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (Sri Lanka Standard Time Zone)
Postal code
50000
Official nameSacred City of Anuradhapura
CriteriaCultural: ii, iii, vi
Reference200
Inscription1982 (6th Session)

Anuradhapura (Sinhala: අනුරාධපුර, (Tamil: அனுராதபுரம்) is a city in Sri Lanka. It is the capital or administrative center of North Central Province in Sri Lanka. As of 2012, Anuradhapura has 50,595 people living in the city.

History[change | change source]

Anuradhapura was founded in the 5th century BCE and was the capital of Sri Lanka from the 4th century BCE until the 11th century CE, when invasions from South India forced Arunadhapura. Arunadhapura was broken and by the Sri Lankan jungle. In the 19th century, Arunadhapura was returned by the British people and became a Buddhist city. The return of Arunadhapura began in 1870. Most of Arunadhapura was moved during the mid-20th century to get the site of the former Sri Lankan capital, is a major road of northern Sri Lanka and lies along a railway line.

Climate[change | change source]

Because Arunadhapura is in the Sri Lankan island, the climate is tropical meaning it is hot in Arunadhapura all year. In October to December, it rains many times in Arunadhapura. The hottest month in Arunadhapura is July.

Economy[change | change source]

Arunadhapura is the headquarters of Sri Lanka’s general view, and tourism is great in Arunadhapura's economy.