The Aswan Dam or Aswan Low Dam is a dam on the Nile River. Without the dam, the river would flood every summer. It was built to protect farms, make energy, and save water. It also helps the fishing around Lake Nasser. It was a top-down development project funded by the government. It brought about many benefits, but also some disadvantages such as 120,000 people were forced too move out of their homes and communities. Also it meant that silt was no longer deposited on the land nearby, making the land less fertile for farmers to grow crops on.
History[change | change source]
The dam was built between 1899 and 1902. It was designed by William Willcocks. When it was first made, it was 1,900 metres (6,234 ft) long and 54 metres (177 ft) high. It was too short, so it was built higher two times: in 1912 and 1933. The dam was still too short. Instead of making it taller a third time, another dam (the Aswan High Dam) was built 6 kilometres (4 mi) up the river in 1952. Many people had to move because of the dam being built.