Austenite is iron but in a metallic form. It is one of the allotropes of iron, which means its physical form is different from iron but its chemical form is the same. It is named after Sir William Chandler Roberts-Austen (1843–1902).
Austenitization[change | change source]
Austenitization means to heat iron, iron-based metal, or steel to a high temperature. At that temperature, the crystal structure of the metal changes from ferrite to austenite, which can dissolve more carbon.
For some irons, iron-based metals, and steels, the presence of carbides may occur during this austenitization step. The term commonly used for this is two-phase austenitization.
References[change | change source]
- "Dictionary.com". Dictionary. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- Reed-Hill R, Abbaschian R (1991). Physical Metallurgy Principles, 3rd Edition. Boston: PWS-Kent Publishing. ISBN 0-534-92173-6.
- Gove PB, ed. (1963). Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary. Springfield, Massachusetts, USA: G & C Merriam Company. p. 58.
- Nichols R (Jul 2001). "Quenching and tempering of welded carbon steel tubulars".
- Lambers HG, Tschumak S, Maier HJ, Canadinc D (Apr 2009). "Role of Austenitization and Pre-Deformation on the Kinetics of the Isothermal Bainitic Transformation". Metal Mater Trans A. 40 (6): 1355. doi:10.1007/s11661-009-9827-z.