Austrian Federal Railways

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Austrian Federal Railways
Company typeAktiengesellschaft
PredecessorErste Eisenbahnwagen-Leihgesellschaft Edit this on Wikidata
HeadquartersÖBB Unternehmenszentrale, ,
Area served
Central Europe
Key people
Andreas Matthä
ProductsRail transport, Cargo transport, Services
Increase €6,945 million (2019)
Increase €169 million (2019)
Total assetsIncrease €31,254 million (2019)
Total equityIncrease €2,645 million (2019)
OwnerRepublic of Austria
Number of employees
Increase 41.904 (2019)
Footnotes / references
Railjet (RJ), the high-speed-train of ÖBB
Intercity-Express (ICE)
Map of the main network in Austria
InterCity (IC) on the Semmering railway
ÖBB Nightjet (NJ) train in München Hbf
An ÖBB EuroCity (EC) train in Bolzano, South Tyrol
RegionalExpress train (REX) in Vienna
Regional train (R) in Styria
The Vienna S-Bahn is a suburban metro railway network in the Metropolitan area of Vienna
A freight train of Rail Cargo Austria
Shunting locomotive in Upper Austria
The ÖBB runs 9 classification yards in Austria
Salzburg Hauptbahnhof, a junction between local and long-distance transport routes
The current main hall of Linz Hauptbahnhof
Regional train station in Krems, Lower Austria
Typical commuter rail station south of Vienna

The Austrian Federal Railways and formerly the Bundesbahnen Österreich or BBÖ), now commonly known as ÖBB, is the national railway company of Austria. It also runs Liechtenstein's railway. The ÖBB group is owned entirely by the Republic of Austria. It is divided into several separate businesses that manage the infrastructure and operate passenger and cargo services.

The Austrian Federal Railways was first formed in 1923, using the Bundesbahn Österreich name, as a successor to the Imperial Royal Austrian State Railways. It was incorporated into the Deutsche Reichsbahn during the 1938–1945 Anschluss. It was reformed in 1947, under the slightly different name Österreichische Bundesbahnen, and still uses this name.

The Austrian rail system is mostly electrified. Electrification began in 1912 but did not reach an advanced state until the 1950s. The last steam locomotive in regular service on the standard gauge network was retired in 1978.

Major changes currently being made to the Austrian railway network are the construction of the Koralm Railway, the Semmering Base Tunnel and the Brenner Base Tunnel connection with Italy.

Eurobarometer surveys conducted in 2018 showed that satisfaction levels of Austrian rail passengers are among the highest in the European Union when it comes to punctuality, reliability and frequency of trains.[2] Furthermore, with their Nightjet brand, ÖBB operates Europe's largest night train fleet.[3]

Unlike other major railway companies in Europe that offer more flexible cancellation policies, ÖBB only offers two types of tickets: full-price tickets, and cheaper but non-exchangeable and non-refundable tickets.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Geschäftsbericht 2019 (annual report 2019)" (PDF). Alphabet Inc. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
  2. "Mobility and transport" (PDF).
  3. "Austrian Federal Railways Orders Additional Night Trains from Siemens". 10 August 2021.