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Official Photo of Augusto Pinochet, created about 1974. Pinochet led Chile in an authoritarian manner, while he was in power (1974–1990)

A government is called authoritarian if it relates on a strong central government, and rejects the ideas of pluralism. It is between democracy on one side, and totalitarianism on the other. Note that monarchies may also fit this pattern. As of 2020, examples of countries with authoritarian regimes include the People's Republic of China, Angola, the Republic of the Congo, Laos, Nicaragua, Russia, and North Korea. Several states on the Persian Gulf, such as Saudi Arabia, Oman or Qatar also fit this pattern. Singapore is another state in Asia, which is led by an authoritarian regime.