The German Autobahn sign
with route markers for
Bundesautobahnen 1, 3 & 5
A map of the German Bundesautobahnen network
|Maintained by Bundesministerium für Verkehr und digitale Infrastruktur|
|Length||12,996 km (2017) (8,075 mi)|
(BAB X or A X)
Autobahn (engl. motorway) is the name for freeways (large streets) in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. Those in Germany are famous because in many parts of the roads, there are no speed limits and drivers can drive as fast as they want to.
Usually an autobahn consists of two lanes in each direction. Sometimes there may be more than two lanes for one direction (or an additional lane for cars with mechanical failures). All drivers are supposed to drive on the outer-most right lane except when they move past other cars or trucks that are going slower.
Autobahn in Germany[change | change source]
Many autobahns in Germany have no speed limit. There is only a speed recommendation of 130 km (80.8 mi) per hour. However, drivers going faster than 130 km/h can be made responsible for an accident that they are involved in. The German traffic law says that it is only permitted to drive as fast as the track conditions allow.
German Road Safety Council (DVR), has established that on average, there are 25% more deaths on sections of the autobahn without speed limits compared to those with a limit. Data analysis performed by Der Spiegel, has established that a speed limit applied across all German motorways would save 140 lives a year..
An emergency telephone is located at a German autobahn every 2 kilometres (1.2 miles) . Junctions between two autobahns are called Dreieck (Triangle), if one autobahn ends there or Kreuz (Cross). Junctions with normal roads are called Anschlussstelle. All junctions of an autobahn are numbered sequentially.
Autobahn in Austria[change | change source]
On autobahns in Austria there is a general speeding limit of 130 km/h. However, there were some test sections where 160 km/h was allowed before April 2007. It is legal to drive with a car, truck, motorbike... if you can drive with it more than 60 km/h.
Austrian autobahns are not free of charge. Car drivers have to buy a vignette (which permits driving on the autobahn for a few days or months or even a year). Trucks do have to pay a distance-dependent toll (as in Germany). On some sections you have to pay toll and need no vignette, like big tunnels and other expensive buildings in the mountains.
Junctions among Austrian autobahns are called Knoten (instead of Kreuz) and there is often a speeding limit of 100 km/h.
On the Wiener Süd-Ost Tangente (engl.: Vienna South-East Bypass) are about 200,000 cars every day. There is the most traffic in Austria and it is an important autobahn of the capital city Vienna.
Autobahn in Switzerland[change | change source]
Autobahns in Switzerland have a speed limit of 120 km/h. Until 1997 they were called Nationalstrassen (and labeled with an "N" instead of "A"). As in Austria, car drivers have to buy a vignette which is always valid for one year (calendar year). Junctions between autobahns in Switzerland are called Verzweigung.
References[change | change source]
- "Talk of speed limits on autobahn revs up Germans - The New York Times". nytimes.com. Retrieved October 31, 2010.