Autonomous Region of Bougainville

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Autonomous Region of Bougainville
Flag of Bougainville
Motto: Peace, Unity, Prosperity
Anthem: My Bougainville[1]
6°0′S 155°0′E / 6.000°S 155.000°E / -6.000; 155.000
and largest city
6.3754° S, 155.3807° E
Official languagesEnglish, Tok Pisin
Other languagesTok Pisin
North Bougainville languages
South Bougainville languages
GovernmentAutonomous Region
• President
Ishmael Toroama
Patrick Nisira
LegislatureHouse of Representatives
• Autonomy
25 June 2002
7 December 2019
• Total
9,384 km2 (3,623 sq mi)
• 2011 estimate
HDI (2018)Increase 0.580[2]
CurrencyPapua New Guinean kina (PGK)
Time zoneUTC+11 (Bougainville Standard Time)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+675

Bougainville (/ˈbɡənˌvɪl/ BOH-ghən-vil;[3] Tok Pisin: Bogenvil),[4][5] officially the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, is an autonomous region in Papua New Guinea. The largest island is Bougainville Island, while the region also includes Buka Island and a number of outlying islands and atolls.

The interim capital is Buka.[6]

In 2011, the region had an estimated population of 250,000 people.

In late 2019, an independence referendum was held with 98.31% voting for independence rather than continued autonomy within Papua New Guinea.

References[change | change source]

  1. "AUTONOMOUS REGION OF BOUGAINVILLE : Bougainville Flag, Emblem and Anthem (Protection) Bill 2018" (PDF). Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  2. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  3. "Bougainville: a vote for independence". The World. ABC News. 21 November 2019. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  4. "Bogenvil". Tok Pisin English Dictionary. Archived from the original on 25 June 2021. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
  5. "K20 milien bilong Bogenvil referendem". Loop PNG. 6 June 2019. Archived from the original on 29 June 2021. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
  6. The Report: Papua New Guinea 2016. Oxford Business Group. 2016-09-19. ISBN 978-1-910068-64-9.