Büsingen am Hochrhein

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Büsingen am Hochrhein
Coat of arms of Büsingen am Hochrhein
Coat of arms
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Freiburg
District Konstanz
Government
 • Mayor Markus Möll
Area
 • Total 7.62 km2 (2.94 sq mi)
Elevation 385 m (1,263 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 1,358
 • Density 180/km2 (460/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes D-78266 / CH-8238
Vehicle registration BÜS
Website www.buesingen.de

Büsingen am Hochrhein often just known as Busingen, is a German village. It is part of the German state (Bundesland) of Baden-Württemberg. The town belongs to the district (Kreis) of Konstanz. Büsingen has an area of about 7.62 km2 or 2.94 sq mi.[2] About 1,350 people live there. The village is the only exclave of Germany.[3][4] It is located in Switzerland. Büsingen is surrounded by the Swiss Cantons of Schaffhausen, Zürich and Thurgau. In the south, its border is the river Rhine.

About 700m of Swiss land are between the town and German mainland.[3] The village next to Büsingen is the Swiss village of Dörflingen.

There are no border controls between Büsingen and Switzerland because Büsingen is in a customs union with this country.

A Swiss (left) and a German (right) telephone in Büsingen.

Because the town is surrounded by Swiss territory, but administratively German, many things exist twice there. Büsingen has for example two postal codes and area codes.[3] The official currency is the Euro. However, most things like electricity and cable television come from Switzerland and have to be paid in Swiss Francs. Büsingen belongs politically to Germany, but depends on Switzerland in economics.[2]

Büsingen only has one elementary school. Pupils can attend the school there up to the fourth grade. After this, the parents have to decide whether the children should attend a German or a Swiss school.[2]

A Swiss Postbus connects the village to the city of Schaffhausen.

Most people who live in Büsingen, work in Switzerland and earn their wage in Swiss francs.

Büsingen has a large proportion of residents who are old age pensioners.

About 30% of the resident population of Büsingen hold a Swiss passport.[5]

History[change | change source]

The oldest finds in the area of Büsingen date back to the Bronze Age.[2] The town was first officially mentioned in 1090.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Gemeinden in Deutschland nach Fläche, Bevölkerung und Postleitzahl am 30.09.2016". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Buesingen am Hochrhein". buesingen.de. 2006 [last update]. Retrieved 24 August 2011.  Check date values in: |year= (help)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Exklusives Büsingen – der einzig deutsche Ort, der in der Schweiz liegt. - SWR Fernsehen :: Fahr mal hin | SWR.de (German)". swr.de. 2011 [last update]. Retrieved 24 August 2011.  Check date values in: |year= (help)
  4. "Büsingen (German)". Spiegel Online. Hamburg: SpiegelNet GmbH. Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  5. "Willkommen | Gemeinde Büsingen am Hochrhein die einzige Enklave / Exklave in der Schweiz". www.buesingen.de (in German). Retrieved 2018-07-17. 

Other websites[change | change source]