Bălţi

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Bălți
Municipality of Bălţi (in red) in Moldova
Municipality of Bălţi (in red) in Moldova
Country Flag of Moldova.svg Moldova
Municipality Bălți
Communes Sadovoe, Elizaveta
Founded 1421
City rights 1818
Government
 • Type Municipal Council
 • Mayor Vasile Panciuc, since 2011
Area
 • City 78.00 km2 (30.12 sq mi)
 • Urban 41.43 km2 (16.00 sq mi)
Elevation 59 m (194 ft)
Population (2011)
 • City 144,000
 • Density 1,909.9/km2 (4,947/sq mi)
 • Metro 148,900
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code MD-3100
Area code(s) +373 231 X-XX-XX
Licence plate BL XX 000
Website www.balti.md

Bălţi is the third-largest city in the country of Moldova. It is the major city in the northern part of the country. During the Russian Empire (1812-1917), and later the Soviet era (1940-1990) the name was also spelled Beltsy, from its form in Russian. The city is 135 km north of the capital Chişinău, on the small river Răut, a branch of the Dniester (Nistru). It is located on a hilly landscape that, in the Middle Ages, was covered with forest. This forest has since been almost entirely cut down.