Baldwin City, Kansas

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Baldwin City, Kansas
Downtown Baldwin City (2008)
Downtown Baldwin City (2008)
Location within Douglas County and Kansas
Location within Douglas County and Kansas
KDOT map of Douglas County (legend)
Coordinates: 38°46′39″N 95°11′15″W / 38.77750°N 95.18750°W / 38.77750; -95.18750Coordinates: 38°46′39″N 95°11′15″W / 38.77750°N 95.18750°W / 38.77750; -95.18750
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyDouglas
Incorporated1870
Named forJohn Baldwin
Area
 • Total2.64 sq mi (6.84 km2)
 • Land2.62 sq mi (6.79 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation
1,037 ft (316 m)
Population
 • Total4,515
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
4,677
 • Density1,700/sq mi (660/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
66006
Area code785
FIPS code20-03900
GNIS ID0479524 [4]
Websitebaldwincity.org

Baldwin City is a city in Douglas County, Kansas, United States. It is about 12 miles (19 km) south of Lawrence. It is about 15 miles (24 km) west of Gardner. In 2010, 4,515 people lived there.[5] The city has Baker University. It is Kansas's oldest four-year university.

History[change | change source]

The Old Castle Museum, the first building constructed for Baker University. To the right is a replica of Kibbee Cabin.

Early history[change | change source]

Baldwin City started as a trail stop on the Santa Fe Trail. It was called Palmyra. It had a harness shop, blacksmith, hotel, lawyer, drug store, two doctors and a tavern. In 1858, a group of Methodist ministers came together at Kibbee Cabin and created Baker University. Palmyra bought land to the south for the university and the city. The first post office was built in June 1857.[6]

An important person for Baldwin City was John Baldwin. They named the town "Baldwin City" to honor him.[7] Baldwin built a saw mill. It was at present-day Fifth Street and Indiana Street. Baldwin City was incorporated on September 22, 1870.

Baldwin City was affected by the events that led up to the American Civil War. Three miles east of Baldwin was the town of Black Jack. The Battle of Black Jack happened there on June 2, 1856. The night before that battle, John Brown stayed in Prairie City. In 1863, Quantrill's raiders passed within three miles (5 km) of Baldwin after the burning Lawrence.

Geography[change | change source]

Baldwin City is at 38°46′39″N 95°11′15″W / 38.77750°N 95.18750°W / 38.77750; -95.18750 (38.777597, -95.187418).[8] The United States Census Bureau says that the city has an area of 2.64 square miles (6.84 km2). 2.62 square miles (6.79 km2) of that is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[change | change source]

Baldwin City's climate has hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. The Köppen Climate Classification system says that Baldwin City has a humid subtropical climate. It is abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[9]

People[change | change source]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880325
1890935187.7%
19001,0178.8%
19101,38636.3%
19201,137−18.0%
19301,127−0.9%
19401,096−2.8%
19501,74158.9%
19601,8777.8%
19702,52034.3%
19802,82912.3%
19902,9614.7%
20003,40014.8%
20104,51532.8%
Est. 20164,677[3]3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

Baldwin City is part of the Lawrence Metropolitan Statistical Area.

2010 census[change | change source]

In 2010, there were 4,515 people, 1,501 households, and 1,011 families living in Lawrence.[2] The people were 93.4% White, 2.1% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. 3.0% of people were Hispanic or Latino.

There were 1,501 households. 37.5% of them had children under 18 years old; 52.6% of them had married people; 10.2% had only a woman as the main person (with no man); 4.5% had only a man as the main person (with no woman); 32.6% were not families. 26.8% were people living alone, and 12.1% were people over 65 years old living alone. The average number of people living in a household was 2.54. The average number of people in a family was 3.08.

24.3% of the people were under 18 years old; 20.9% of the people were between 18 and 24 years old; 22.9% of the people were between 25 and 44 years old; 20.1% of the people were between 45 and 64 years old; 11.9% were 65 years old or older. 51.5% of the people were women, and 48.5% of the people were men.

2000 census[change | change source]

In 2000, there were 3,400 people, 1,077 households, and 774 families living in Lawrence. The people were 93.62% White, 1.12% African American, 0.74% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 3.47% from two or more races. 1.62% of people were Hispanic or Latino.

There were 1,077 households. 39.6% of them had children under 18 years old; 57.8% of them had married people; 10.4% had only a woman as the main person (with no man); 28.1% were not families. 24.8% were people living alone, and 10.0% were people over 65 years old living alone. The average number of people living in a household was 2.59. The average number of people in a family was 3.10.

25.3% of the people were under 18 years old; 21.8% of the people were between 18 and 24 years old; 24.2% of the people were between 25 and 44 years old; 17.4% of the people were between 45 and 64 years old; 11.2% were 65 years old or older. 51.5% of the people were women, and 48.5% of the people were men. The median age was 28 years old. 51.2% of the people were women, and 48.8% of the people were men.

The median income for a household was $43,269. The median income for a family was $51,667. Men had a median income of $37,111. Women had a median income of $25,850. The per capita income was $16,698. About 5.6% of families and 7.6% of all people in Baldwin City lived below the poverty line. This included 11.0% of children under 18 years old and 5.7% of people over 65 years old.

Government[change | change source]

The Baldwin City government has a mayor and five council members. The council meets the first and third Mondays of each month at 7:00pm.[11]

  • City Hall, 803 Eighth Street.

Education[change | change source]

Primary and secondary education[change | change source]

The USD 348 School District is in Baldwin City. They have most students in southern Douglas County. It has four schools in Baldwin City (Baldwin Elementary, Baldwin Intermediate, Baldwin Junior High, and Baldwin High School). On December 13, 2010, the USD 348 Board of Education voted to close the schools in Vinland and Worden at the end of the 2010-2011 school year.[12]

College[change | change source]

Baldwin City has Baker University. It is a liberal arts university created in 1858 by United Methodist ministers. It is the oldest four-year university in Kansas. It has been coed since it was created.

Media[change | change source]

Baldwin City had a newspaper, the Baldwin City Sign. It stopped publishing in 2015. It was moved to the Lawrence Journal-World.[13]

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-07-06. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved April 6, 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  6. "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Archived from the original on March 10, 2013. Retrieved 8 June 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 181.
  8. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. "Baldwin City, Kansas Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  10. United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved February 14, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  11. Baldwin City - Directory of Public Officials Archived 2011-05-05 at the Wayback Machine
  12. http://signal.baldwincity.com/news/2010/dec/13/school-board-closes-rural-elementary-schools-5-2-v/
  13. "Bladwin City Signal ending publication with current edition". Baldwin City Signal. Baldwin City, KS. December 30, 2015. Retrieved July 8, 2019.

Other websites[change | change source]

City
Schools
Historical
Maps