Baldwin Locomotive Works

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Baldwin Locomotive Works
IndustryRailway
FateMerged with Lima-Hamilton Corporation in September 1951.
SuccessorBaldwin-Lima-Hamilton Corporation
FoundedPhiladelphia, U.S. (1825)
FounderMatthias W. Baldwin
Defunct1951
HeadquartersEddystone, Pennsylvania, U.S.
ProductsLocomotives
Official nameBaldwin Locomotive Works
TypeRoadside
CriteriaBusiness & Industry, Railroads
DesignatedSeptember 26, 2009[1]

Baldwin Locomotive Works (abbreviated: BLW) was an American manufacturing company of railroad locomotives from 1825 to 1951, originally located in Philadelphia but moving to Eddystone, Pennsylvania, for a long time it was the world's largest producer of steam locomotives, after the success of diesel locomotives began in the demand for them, in 1951 it would produce its last of 70,000 locomotives before merging with Lima-Hamilton to make way for the Baldwin-Lima-Hamilton Corporation.

Baldwin Locomotive Works builder's plate, 1922
Baldwin Locomotive Works c. 1900

Locomotives[change | change source]

2-6-6-2 Chesapeake and Ohio 1309, built in 1949, Baldwin's last domestic steam locomotive. Has since been restored to operation for the Western Maryland Scenic Railroad.
Woodburytype of 0-4-0 type Boston & Maine Achilles, 1871
An 1872 Baldwin locomotive of 4-4-0 type used on the Hanko–Hyvinkää railway in Finland.
A 1902 Baldwin locomotive of 2-6-2 type used on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in New Mexico where it is now on permanent display in Las Vegas, New Mexico.
Baldwin works photo of Lyn', May 1898
M&PP 5, an 0-4-2T, at the depot in Manitou Springs
2-8-0 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow-gauge on static display, Toa Baja, Puerto Rico.
PRR class S2 #6200
C&O class M-1 #500
MCRR Baldwin Mogul Number-6 001

Switchers[change | change source]

Model designation Build year Total produced AAR wheel arrangement Prime mover Power output Image
VO-660 1939–1946 142 B-B 6-VO 660 hp (490 kW)  
DS-4-4-660 1946–1949 139 B-B 606NA 660 hp (490 kW) Baldwin Diesel.jpg
DS-4-4-750 1949–1951 53 B-B 606NA 750 hp (560 kW)
S-8 1950–1954 54 A units
9 B units
B-B 606 800 hp (600 kW)
RS-4-TC 1953–1955 74 B-B Caterpillar D397 400 hp (300 kW) Northwest Railway Museum-2.jpg
VO-1000 1939–1946 548 B-B 8-VO 1,000 hp (750 kW) Baldwin VO-1000.jpg
DS-4-4-1000 1946–1948 56 B-B 608NA 1,000 hp (750 kW) Katy Switcher On Display In Parsons, KS.jpg
DS-4-4-1000 1948–1951 446 B-B 606SC 1,000 hp (750 kW)
S-12
1951–1956
451
B-B
606A 1,200 hp (890 kW) 0390 Strasburg - Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania.jpg

Transfer units[change | change source]

Model designation Build year Total produced AAR wheel arrangement Prime mover Power output Image
DT-6-6-2000 1946 1 C-C 608NA (×2) 2,000 hp (1.49 MW)
DT-6-6-2000 1948–1950 45 C-C 606SC (×2) 2,000 hp (1.49 MW) Baldwin DT-6-6-2000 at Illinois Railway Museum (MNS 21).png
RT-624 1951–1954 24 C-C 606A (×2) 2,400 hp (1.79 MW)

Road switchers[change | change source]

Model designation Build year Total produced AAR wheel arrangement Prime mover Power output Image
0-6-6-0 1000/1 1945 30 for USSR C-C 8-VO 1,000 hp (750 kW)
DRS-6-4-660NA 1946–1948 100 for SNCF
6 for Morocco
A1A-A1A 606NA 660 hp (490 kW) A1A-A1A-62026.jpg
DRS-6-4-750 1949 1 for Morocco A1A-A1A 606NA 750 hp (560 kW)
DRS-6-4-1000 1948–1949 20 for Algeria A1A-A1A 606SC 1,000 hp (750 kW)
DRS-4-4-1000 1948–1950 9 (USA)
13 (Canada)
B-B 606SC 1,000 hp (750 kW) Canadian Pacific Railway -8010.jpg
RS-12 1951–1956 50 B-B 606A 1,200 hp (890 kW) USA 2012 0238 - Los Angeles - Travel Town.jpg
DRS-6-4-1500 1946–1952 91 A1A-A1A 608SC 1,500 hp (1,100 kW) CAGY Baldwin Road Switcher.jpg
AS-416 1950–1955 25 A1A-A1A 608A 1,600 hp (1,200 kW)
DRS-4-4-1500 1947–1950 35 B-B 608SC 1,500 hp (1,100 kW)
AS-16 1950–1955 127 B-B 608A 1,600 hp (1,200 kW)
DRS-6-6-1500 1948–1950 83 C-C 608SC 1,500 hp (1,100 kW) Magma-engine-10.JPG
AS-616 1950–1954 214 A units
7 B units
C-C 608A 1,600 hp (1,200 kW) Baldwin AS616.jpg

Cab units[change | change source]

Model designation Build year Total produced AAR wheel arrangement principal motor Power output Image
4-8+8-4-750/8-DE 1943 1 2-D-D-2 408 (×8) 6,000 hp (4.47 MW) (only 4 of the 8 engines actually installed)
0-6-6-0 1000/1 DE 1945 30 for Soviet Railroads C-C 1,000 hp (750 kW)
DR-12-8-1500/2
"Centipede"
1945–1948 56 2-D-D-2 608SC (×2) 3,000 hp (2.24 MW) Baldwin Centipede diesel Seaboard 1946.jpg
DR-6-4-2000 1945 2 A1A-A1A 8-VO (×2) 2,000 hp (1.49 MW)
DR-6-4-2000 1946–1948 9 A1A-A1A 608NA (×2) 2,000 hp (1.49 MW)
DR-6-4-2000
"Sharknose"
1948 18 A units
9 B units
A1A-A1A 606SC (×2) 2,000 hp (1.49 MW)
DR-6-2-1000 1948 1 A1A-3 606SC (×1) 1,000 hp (750 kW)
DR-6-4-1500 1947–1948 7 A units
2 B units
A1A-A1A 608SC 1,500 hp (1.12 MW)
DR-4-4-1500
"Babyface"
1947–1948 22 A units
11 B units
B-B 608SC 1,500 hp (1.12 MW)
DR-4-4-1500
"Sharknose"
1949–1950 36 A units
36 B units
B-B 608SC 1,500 hp (1.12 MW)
RF-16
"Sharknose"
1950–1953 109 A units
51 B units
B-B 608A 1,600 hp (1.19 MW) New York Central Baldwin sharknose locomotive.JPG
RF 615 E1 1953 51 Co-Co Baldwin 608-A 1500 caballos de fuerza Locomotora con esquema de Ferrocarriles Argentinos en Tecnópolis.JPG
RP-210 1956–1957 3 B-2 12-Maybach 1,000 hp (750 kW)

References[change | change source]

  1. "Pennsylvania Historical Marker Search". PHMC. Retrieved 3 November 2018.

Bibliography[change | change source]

  • Alexander, E.P. (2003), Iron Horses: American Locomotives 1829–1900, Courier Dover Publications, ISBN 0-486-42531-2
  • Best, Gerald M. (1968), Mexican Narrow Gauge, Howell-North Books.
  • Brown, John K. (1995), The Baldwin Locomotive Works, 1831–1915: A Study in American Industrial Practice, Studies in Industry and Society series, Baltimore, Maryland, USA: Johns Hopkins University Press, ISBN 978-0-8018-5047-9.

Other websites[change | change source]