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Baní is located in Dominican Republic
Coordinates: 18°17′24″N 70°19′48″W / 18.29°N 70.33°W / 18.29; -70.33Coordinates: 18°17′24″N 70°19′48″W / 18.29°N 70.33°W / 18.29; -70.33
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Peravia
Municipal Districts 9
Founded 1764
Municipality since
 • Total 743.79 km2 (287.18 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 61 m (200 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 157,316
 • Density 212/km2 (550/sq mi)
 • Urban 109,365
  Including populations of its municipal districts
Demonym(s) Banilejo (female, banileja)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) AST (UTC-4)
Distance: 55 km (34 mi) to Azua
65 km (40 mi) to Santo Domingo

The Dominican city of Baní is the head municipality of the Peravia province, on the south of the country, close to the Caribbean Sea.

Baní is a Taíno word meaning "ebony" or a similar tree,[4] but the city takes the name from the small river that goes through the city.

Geography[change | change source]

The municipality of Baní has an area of 743.79 km² that represents almost 94% of the total area of the small province of Peravia;[1] the other municipality of the province is Nizao.

There are nine municipal districts in the Baní municipality (a municipal district in the Dominican Republic are similar to municipalities but they depend on a municipality).[5] Those municipal districts are:

  1. Catalina
  2. El Carretón
  3. El Limonal
  4. Las Barías
  5. Matanzas
  6. Paya
  7. Sabana Buey
  8. Villa Fundación
  9. Villa Sombrero

The western and northern part of the municipality (and of the province) has many mountains that are part of the Cordillera Central (in English, "Central mountain range"); this range is called here Sierra de Ocoa.

In the southern half of the municipality there are several small valleys and savannas such as the Peravia Valley, where the city of Baní is located, and Sabana de Paya (Paya savanna) around the town of Paya.

West of Baní, the region is very dry and there are not many people living here except close to rivers and to the coast.

The most important rivers in this municipality are Ocoa and Baní rivers.

Population[change | change source]

The municipality had, in 2010, a total population of 157,316: 77,855 men and 79,461 women. The urban population was 69.52% of the total population. In this numbers are included the population of the municipal districts of Catalina, El Carretón, El Limonal, Las Barías and Villa Sombrero. The population of the city of Baní without those municipal districts was 92,153.[3]

History[change | change source]

In 1764, the people that were living in the Peravia Valley bought some land in Cerro Gordo (part of the valley) to build a new town. The new town was given the name of Baní after the river that is found to the east of the town.

After the independence from Haiti in 1844, the country was divided in five provinces and in 1845 Baní was made a municipality of the old Province of Santo Domingo. In 1944, Baní was made the capital city of the new province José Trujillo Valdéz, now with the name of Peravia.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  2. De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved 2013-1-29.
  4. Vega, Bernardo (1980) (in Spanish). Los Cacicazgos de la Hispaniola. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Museo del Hombre Dominicano.
  5. Listado de Códigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica

Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic Flag of the Dominican Republic
AzuaBaníBarahonaBonaoComendadorCotuíDajabónEl SeiboHato MayorHigüeyJimaníLa RomanaLa VegaMaoMocaMonte CristiMonte PlataNaguaNeibaPedernalesPuerto PlataSabanetaSalcedoSamanáSan CristóbalSan Francisco de MacorísSan José de OcoaSan Juan de la MaguanaSan Pedro de MacorísSantiago de los CaballerosSanto DomingoSanto Domingo Este