Bangladesh Liberation War

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A map of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.

The Bangladesh Liberation War[a] (Bengali: মুক্তিযুদ্ধ Muktijuddho) was a revolutionary war for the independence of Bangladesh in 1971.[4] The war was between East Pakistan (later with the help of India) and West Pakistan and lasted nine months.

There were large-scale atrocities in the war. Ten million refugees left the country,and 30 million people left their homes.[5]

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's party won the Pakistan elections of 1970 and the military junta that ruled the country decided he must not be Prime Minister. The resulting war started on 26 March 1971 and finished on 16 December. A category 3 cyclone also happened during the war.

Ghulam Azam and Motiur Rahman Nizami were convicted for war crimes. Azam died before a final hearing. Nizami was executed for his crimes in May 2016.

Sources[change | change source]

  1. Encyclopaedia of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh calls it the Bangladesh Liberation War.[1] The war is known in Bangla as Muktijuddho or Shawdhinota Juddho.[2] The war is also called the Civil War in Pakistan[3]

  1. Gupta, Om (2006). Encyclopaedia of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Gyan Publishing House. p. 25. ISBN 978-81-8205-389-2.
  2. Rahman, Syedur (2010). Historical Dictionary of Bangladesh. Scarecrow Press. p. 289. ISBN 978-0-8108-7453-4.
  3. Moss, Peter (2005). Secondary Social Studies For Pakistan. Karachi: Oxford University Press. p. 93. ISBN 978-0-19-597704-2. OCLC 651126824. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  4. Library of Congress
  5. Totten, Samuel; Bartrop, Paul Robert (2007). Dictionary of Genocide. Greenwood. p. 34. ISBN 978-0-313-32967-8.