Battle of Artemisium
|Battle of Artemisium|
|Part of the Greco-Persian Wars|
Map showing major incidents of the second Persian invasion of Greece
|Greek city-states||Persian Empire|
|Commanders and leaders|
|271 ships||800 ships|
|Casualties and losses|
|~100 ships lost or damaged||~200 ships lost|
Approaching Artemisium towards the end of summer, the Persian navy was caught in a gale off the coast of Magnesia and lost around a third of their ~1,200 ships.
After arriving at Artemisium, the Persians sent a detachment of 200 ships around the coast of Euboea in an attempt to trap the Greeks, but these were caught in another storm and shipwrecked.
The main action of the battle took place after two days of smaller engagements. The two sides fought all day, with roughly equal losses; however the smaller Allied fleet could not afford the losses.
After the engagement, the Allies received news of the defeat of the Allied army at Thermopylae. Their strategy was to hold both Thermopylae and Artemisium. So, given their losses, the Allies decided to withdraw to Salamis. The Persians overran Boeotia and captured the now-evacuated Athens. However, seeking a decisive victory over the Allied fleet, the Persians were later defeated at the Battle of Salamis in late 480
Other websites[change | change source]
- Livius Picture Archive: the naval battle of Artemisium (480 BC)
- Reed Classics, extracts from Herodotus Book Eight