Battle of Bosworth Field
|Battle of Bosworth Field|
|Part of the Wars of the Roses|
|King Richard III of England, House of York||Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond, Lancastrians French Mercenaries|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Richard III of England†||
Earl of Richmond |
Earl of Oxford
|Philibert de Chandée|
The Battle of Bosworth or Bosworth Field was an important battle during the Wars of the Roses in 15th century England. It was fought on 22 August 1485 between the Yorkist King Richard III, the last of the Plantagenet dynasty, and the Lancastrian Henry Tudor, 2nd Earl of Richmond, who wanted to become king. It ended in the defeat and death of Richard and the beginning of the Tudor dynasty. Historically, the battle is thought to have marked the end of the Wars of the Roses, although smaller battles were fought in the years that followed as Yorkists unsuccessfully tried to become king again.
The place of the battle is not precisely known. Memorials have been built in some of the possible locations.
Shakespearian dramatization[change | change source]
The Battle of Bosworth is an important part of William Shakespeare's play Richard III. The action of the play ends with this battle.
Notes[change | change source]
- ↑ Richard III had 15,500 men, but Lord Stanley with 4,000 and his brother, Sir William Stanley with 2,500 betrayed him, and Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland with 3,000 did not join the king.
Further reading[change | change source]
- Bosworth 1485: A Battlefield Rediscovered by Glenn Foard and Anne Curry (2013: forthcoming) - The archaeology of the battle
- Bosworth: The Birth of the Tudors by Chris Skidmore (2013) - Overview of the battle in its historical context
- Battle Story: Bosworth 1485 by Mike Ingram (2011) - Analysis of the battle by a military expert
Other websites[change | change source]
- Bosworth Battlefield visitor info
- Richard III Society, American Branch Archived 2013-02-09 at the Wayback Machine with maps, photos, articles presenting several competing theories situating the battle
- The Battle of Bosworth Archived 2010-05-07 at the Wayback Machine
- Bosworth Roll Call Archived 2006-12-31 at the Wayback Machine Officers there on the day.