Battle of Chernobyl

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Battle of Chernobyl
Part of 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
Battle of Chernobyl (2022).png
Map of the Russian-occupied territory in Northern Ukraine following the Second Battle of Chernobyl
Date24 February 2022
Location
51°16′N 30°13′E / 51.267°N 30.217°E / 51.267; 30.217Coordinates: 51°16′N 30°13′E / 51.267°N 30.217°E / 51.267; 30.217
Result

Russian victory

Belligerents
Russia Russia
Supported by:
Belarus Belarus[1]
Ukraine Ukraine
Units involved
Russian Armed Forces Ukrainian Armed Forces
Strength
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown

The Battle of Chernobyl was a battle in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. This battle was the Russian Armed Forces and the Ukrainian Armed Forces. The battle was on 24 February 2022. This was the first day of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.[2] The Russian forces came from Belarus. At the end of the day, the Russians got control of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant.[3][4][5]

Background[change | change source]

A security checkpoint in the Chernobyl zone, seen in 2010

In the Chernobyl disaster in 1986, lots of radioactive materials came from the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. The radioactive materials then went into the environment around it.[6] This area is a 30 kilometres (19 mi) radius around the power plant.[7]:27[8] After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, it became part of Ukraine[9]:p.4–5:p.49f.3 and was managed by the State Emergency Service of Ukraine.[10]

Battle[change | change source]

On 24 February, 2022, the Ukraine government said that Russian forces were attacking the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone.[11] At the end of the day, the Ukraine government said that Russia captured Chernobyl and Pripyat.[12] After this, the American government said "credible reports that Russian soldiers are currently holding the staff of the Chernobyl facilities hostage."[13]

It was said that artillery shells hit radioactive waste. This caused more radioactivity.[14] The International Atomic Energy Agency, however, said that "there had been no casualties nor destruction at the industrial site."[15]

Reactions[change | change source]

Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said that the capture of that zone was "declaration of war against the whole of Europe".[16]

Mykhailo Podoliak, an advisor to the President's Office of Ukraine said that it was a "totally pointless attack",[5] and "the condition of the former Chernobyl nuclear power plant, confinement, and nuclear waste storage facilities is unknown".[17][15][18]

Analysis[change | change source]

Ben Hodges, a former general for United States Army Europe, said that the zone was helpful for Russia because it became easier to attack from the North. The former American Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense American Deputy Assistant for Russia, Ukraine and Eurasia Evelyn Farkas said that Russia wants to surround Kyiv.[19][20]

According to BBC News, monitoring stations in the area reported a 20-fold increase in radiation levels, up to 65 μSv/h.[21]

References[change | change source]

  1. Coakley, Amanda. "Lukashenko Is Letting Putin Use Belarus to Attack Ukraine". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  2. Reuters (24 February 2022). "Chernobyl power plant captured by Russian forces -Ukrainian official". Reuters. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  3. "Chernobyl nuclear plant targeted as Russia invades Ukraine". Al Jazeera. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  4. Coakley, Amanda. "Lukashenko Is Letting Putin Use Belarus to Attack Ukraine". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Russian forces seize Chernobyl nuclear power plant". BBC News. 25 February 2022. Archived from the original on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  6. "Chernobyl Nuclear Accident". www.iaea.org. 14 May 2014. Archived from the original on 11 June 2008. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  7. Marples, David R. (1988). The Social Impact of the Chernobyl Disaster. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-02432-1.
  8. Ritzer, George; Atalay, Zeynep (1 March 2010). Readings in Globalization: Key Concepts and Major Debates. John Wiley & Sons. p. 272. ISBN 978-1-4051-3273-2.
  9. Petryna, Adriana (2002). Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-09019-1.
  10. Economic Commission for Europe (17 December 1999). Environmental Performance Reviews: Ukraine - First Review. United Nations. p. 50. ISBN 978-92-1-004057-0.
  11. "Russian troops breach area near Chernobyl, adviser to Ukrainian minister says". Reuters. 24 February 2022. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  12. "Chernobyl power plant captured by Russian forces -Ukrainian official". Reuters. 24 February 2022. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  13. Restuccia, Andrew (24 February 2022). "White House Calls for Release of Any Hostages at Chernobyl Site". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  14. "Chernobyl no-go zone targeted as Russia invades Ukraine". Associated Press. 24 February 2022. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  15. 15.0 15.1 "IAEA Director General Statement on the Situation in Ukraine". International Atomic Energy Agency. 24 February 2022. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  16. Shabad, Rebecca (24 February 2022). "'This is a declaration of war against the whole of Europe': Zelenskyy warns Russia is trying to seize Chernobyl". NBC News. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  17. Griffiths, Brent D. (24 February 2022). "Russian troops seize Chernobyl's remnants after a battle, risking Western efforts to contain one of the world's most radioactive sites". Business Insider. Archived from the original on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  18. Murphy, Francois (24 February 2022). "IAEA says Ukraine nuclear power plants running safely, no 'destruction' at Chernobyl". Reuters. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  19. Seitz-Wald, Alex (24 February 2022). "Why would Russia want to take Chernobyl?". NBC News. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  20. Mohammed, Arshad; Landay, Jonathan. "Explainer: Why Russia and Ukraine are fighting for Chernobyl disaster site". Reuters. Archived from the original on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  21. "Head Office - Construction of new premises - Banking Chamber - 25 February 1916". 24 March 2022. doi:10.47688/rba_archives_pn-000792. S2CID 247367364. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)