Gallipoli Campaign

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Battle of Gallipoli)
Jump to: navigation, search
Gallipoli Campaign
Part of the Middle Eastern Theatre (First World War)
The Battle of Gallipoli, February–April 1915
Gallipoli Campaign, April 1915
Date 25 April 1915 – 9 January 1916
Location Gallipoli peninsula, Ottoman Empire
Result Decisive Ottoman victory

The Gallipoli Campaign [1] was an Allied attack on the Gallipoli peninsula during World War I. The campaign took place between April 25, 1915 and January 9, 1916. The Allies, the British Empire and French forces, were fighting the Ottoman Empire and Germany.

The reason for the campaign was to break the stalemate on the Western and Eastern Front and to help the Russians.

HMS Irresistible sinking due to Ottoman Artillery in the coast. 18 March 1915

The campaign started with a naval attack along the Dardanelles which at first proved that an easy victory was at hand, but soon the Turks fought back sinking various ships, and stooping the Allies from entering the Sea of Marmara. It was decided that if the Russians were to receive any British help, a land invasion was necesary. On April 25, 1915, Allied forces landed at various locations along the Gallipoli peninsula, but the invasion was destined to failure from the start, many British Soldiers were landed in the wrong places resulting in heavy casualties. The British landed at Cape Helles and the ANZACs landed at a place later known as Anzac Cove. However, the Allies did not push on. Instead, they were told to dig trenches and wait for a Turkish attack. There was trench warfare until an evacuation of all Allied troops was finally ordered. The campaign is widely viewed as an Allied failure.

The British historian A.J.P. Taylor wrote this of the Gallipoli campaign: "The Gallipoli expedition was a terrible example of an ingenious strategical idea carried through after inadequate preparation and with inadequate drive."[2]

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk led the Turkish defenders, and became a hero to the Turks. Years after the war ended, he became their first president. He paid tribute to the ANZAC soldiers who died there.

References[change | change source]

  1. or the Dardanelles Campaign and the Battle of Gallipoli
  2. Taylor, A.J.P. (1963). The First World War: an illustrated history. Penguin. p. 104.