Battle of Khalkhin Gol

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Battles of Khalkhin Gol/Nomonhan
Part of the Soviet–Japanese border conflicts
Japanese soldiers creeping in front of wrecked Soviet tanks.jpg
Japanese infantrymen near wrecked USSR armored vehicles, July 1939
Date11 May – 16 September 1939
Location
47°43′49″N 118°35′24″E / 47.73028°N 118.59000°E / 47.73028; 118.59000
Result

Soviet and Mongolian victory

  • Ceasefire agreement signed
Territorial
changes
Status quo ante bellum; enforcement of border claims in accordance with the Soviet and Mongolian interpretation
Belligerents
 Soviet Union
 Mongolia

 Japan

Commanders and leaders
Strength

61,860–73,961[nb 1]
498–550 tanks
385–450 armored cars[4][5]
900+ aircraft (participated)

  • Peak strength: 580[6]
500[7]–634[2] artillery pieces
4,000 trucks[8]
1,921 horses and camels (Mongol only)[9]

c. 20,000–30,000[10][11]
73 tanks[5]
19 tankettes
400+ aircraft (participated)

  • Peak strength: 200[6]
~300 artillery pieces[2]
1,000 trucks[12]
2,708 horses[13]
Casualties and losses
Manpower:
Soviet Union 27,880[nb 2]
Mongolian People's Republic 556[15]–990[2]
Equipment:
208 aircraft[16]
253 tanks destroyed[17]
133 armored cars destroyed
96 mortars and artillery
49 tractors and prime movers
652 trucks and other motor vehicles[14][15]
significant animal casualties[18]
Manpower:
Empire of Japan c. 18,000[19]
Manchukuo 2,895[nb 3]
Equipment:
160 aircraft[16]
29 tanks destroyed or crippled[5]
Many tankettes destroyed
72 artillery pieces (field guns only)[21]
2,330 horses killed, injured, or sick[13]
significant motor vehicle losses[22]
Khalkhin Gol/Nomonhan is located in Mongolia
Khalkhin Gol/Nomonhan
Khalkhin Gol/Nomonhan
Location within Mongolia
Khalkhin Gol/Nomonhan is located in Inner Mongolia
Khalkhin Gol/Nomonhan
Khalkhin Gol/Nomonhan
Khalkhin Gol/Nomonhan (Inner Mongolia)

The Battles of Khalkhin Gol was a battle that was fought between the Soviet Union and Mongolia, against Japan. This battle was fought in Manchuria, located in the north east of China. The battles happened from 11 May 1939 to 16 September 1939. The Soviets and Mongolians won the battles.

The battles was named after a river located in the battlefield called Khalkhin Gol.

References[change | change source]

  1. Kotelnikov p. 109 (2002)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Khalkhin Gol Battle: the Revision of Statistics. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  3. [1] Retrieved 15 Oct. 2015.
  4. "The Chief Culprit", by Viktor Suvorov,
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Zaloga, p. 13.
  6. 6.0 6.1 V. Kondratiev, "Khalkhin Gol: War in the Air" retrieved 3 Jan. 2016
  7. "The Chief Culprit", by Viktor Suvorov, p.[page needed].
  8. Coox, p. 580
  9. "The Khalkhin Gol Battle, 1939" Retrieved 3 Jan. 2016
  10. Bellamy and Lahnstein (1990) The New Soviet Defensive Policy: Khalkhin Gol 1939 as Case Study Archived 11 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine p. 24
  11. The cited source here describes Japanese forces after the assault on the Soviets as numbering 28,000 men, and includes Manchukuoan forces. For more information, see the "Aftermath" section.
  12. Coox, p. 563
  13. 13.0 13.1 Coox, p. 1168
  14. 14.0 14.1 M. Kolomiets "Boi u reki Khalkhin-Gol" Frontovaya Illyustratsia (2002)
  15. 15.0 15.1 Soviet Losses in the Khalkhin Gol Battle. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  16. 16.0 16.1 Кондратьев В. Халхин-Гол: Война в воздухе. — М.: Библиотека журнала "Техники – Молодежи". Серия "Авиация", 2002. — 64 с. Тираж 1000 экз.ISBN 5-88573-009-1.
  17. According to "Soviet Losses in the Khalkhin Gol Battle", these losses break down as: 30 BT-7s, 27 BT-7RTs,2 BT-7As, 127 BT-5s, 30 BT-5RTs, 8 T-26s, 10 KhT-26S, 2 KhT-130S, and 17 T-37s. This does not include tanks that only sustained light to moderate damage, or ones lost due to mechanical failure.
  18. Coox, p. 576. During one Japanese counterattack alone on the 12/13th of August the MPR 8th cavalry division lost 100 horses captured
  19. Nomonhan: Japanese-Soviet Tactical Combat, 1939. Leavenworth Papers №2. by Edward J. Drea" Combat Studies Institute, fort Leavenworth, Kansas, 1981
  20. Glantz, David M.; and House, Jonathan. When Titans Clashed: How the Red Army Stopped Hitler. Lawrence, KS: UP of Kansas, 1995. ISBN 0-7006-0899-0 p. 14.
  21. Coox, p. 987. Includes 28 120mm–150mm guns and 44 75mm guns.
  22. Coox, "Nomonhan: Japan against Russia" There are multiple accounts of Japanese trucks being knocked out by Soviet artillery and aviation, as well as losses due to mechanical failures or environmental hazards.

Notes

  1. Includes at least 57,000 Soviet[1] and 4,860 MPR personnel.[2] Combined Soviet-MPR strength was possibly as high as 74,000.[3]
  2. 9,703 dead and missing,[14]
    15,952 wounded,
    2,225 hospitalized due to disease
  3. Japanese military record:
    8,440 killed,
    8,766 wounded
    Soviet claim:
    60,000 killed and wounded,
    3,000 captured[20]
    See the "Aftermath" section.