Baucau Municipality

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Coordinates: 8°28′N 126°27′E / 8.467°N 126.450°E / 8.467; 126.450
Baucau Municipality (Baukau)
Municipality
Rice fields in Baucau
Rice fields south of the city of Baucau
Flag of Baucau.png
Flag
Country  East Timor
Administrative posts Baguia, Baucau, Laga, Quelicai, Vemasse, Venilale
Capital Baucau
 - elevation 512 m (1,680 ft)
 - coordinates 8°28′N 126°27′E / 8.467°N 126.450°E / 8.467; 126.450
Area 1,504 km² (581 sq mi)
Population 123,203 (2015) [1]
Density 82 /km² (212 /sq mi)
Timezone Time in East Timor (UTC+9)
ISO 3166-2 TL-BA
Location of Baucau municipality
Location of Baucau municipality

Baucau (Tetum: Baukau), is the name of one of the 13 municipalities of East Timor, on the northern coast in the eastern part of the country. The municipality was the same during colonial times.

The capital is the city of Baucau (formerly Vila Salazar), the second city of East Timor after Dili that is at about 122 km (76 mi) to the west; it lies at about 512 meters above sea level.

Geography[change | change source]

Its north edge is to the Wetar Strait, opposite the island of Wetar; it also borders the municipalities of Lautém to the east, Viqueque to the south, and Manatuto to the west.

The municipality has an area of 1,507.95 km2 (582.22 sq mi). The largest part of the municipality is at an altitude between 100 and 500 m (330 and 1,640 ft). Just right on the coast, the country is falling fast at sea level.

The highest mountain of Baucau, and the third highest in East Timor, is Matebian, with 2,316 m (7,598 ft) high; it is in the Quelicai subdistrict.

The rivers Laleia and Manuleiden, in the west of the district, flow to the north into the Wetar Strait. The rivers Seiçal, Borauai, Lequinamo, Binagua and other small rivers are to the east of the city of Baucau; only the Seiçal has water all year round.

Baucau also has a wide shoreline with sandy beaches that are ideal for swimming and other water sports.

Population[change | change source]

In 2015, about 123,000 people lived in Baucau. The average age is 18.5 years.

Besides the national official languages of Tetum and Portuguese, most of the inhabitants speak the Papuan language Makasae. While most of the inhabitants are Roman Catholics, a few Muslims also live there.

Subdivisions administratives[change | change source]

It is divided in six administrative posts:Baucau, Laga, and Vemasse with a coastal plain, while Venilale, Quelicai, and Baguia are located inland.

Subdistrict Population Area
(km2)
Baguia 12,962 213.99
Baucau 47,294 369.53
Laga 18,359 191.99
Quelicai 17,450 206.46
Vemasse 9,643 374.62
Venilale 17,495 151.37

Economy[change | change source]

Baucau has the most highly developed agriculture in East Timor. Besides the staples rice and corn, Baucau produces beans, peanuts, sweet potatoes, coconuts, candlenut and manioc. It also raises buffalo and goats.

References[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]