Baxter Springs, Kansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Baxter Springs, Kansas
Location within Cherokee County and Kansas
Location within Cherokee County and Kansas
KDOT map of Cherokee County (legend)
Coordinates: 37°1′23″N 94°44′5″W / 37.02306°N 94.73472°W / 37.02306; -94.73472Coordinates: 37°1′23″N 94°44′5″W / 37.02306°N 94.73472°W / 37.02306; -94.73472
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyCherokee
Incorporated1868
Named forSprings
Area
 • Total3.19 sq mi (8.26 km2)
 • Land3.11 sq mi (8.05 km2)
 • Water0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
Elevation
843 ft (257 m)
Population
 • Total4,238
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
3,963
 • Density1,300/sq mi (510/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
66713
Area code620
FIPS code20-04625
GNIS ID1669487 [4]
WebsiteBaxterSprings.us

Baxter Springs is a city in Cherokee County, Kansas, United States. It is along the Spring River. In 2010 census, 4,238 people lived there.[5] It is the biggest city of Cherokee County.

History[change | change source]

One of the largest Osage bands was led by Chief Black Dog (Manka - Chonka). His men finished what became known as the Black Dog Trail by 1803.[6][7] It started from their winter territory. This territory was east of Baxter Springs, and it went southwest to their summer hunting area at the Great Salt Plains in present-day Alfalfa County, Oklahoma.[7][8][9] The Osage regularly stopped at the springs for healing on their way to summer hunting area. They made the trail by clearing it of brush and big rocks. They built ramps from the ground to the fords. The trail was the first improved road in Kansas and Oklahoma. It was big enough for eight horsemen to be riding side-by-side.[10]

Geography[change | change source]

Baxter Springs is at 37°1′23″N 94°44′5″W / 37.02306°N 94.73472°W / 37.02306; -94.73472 (37.023062, -94.734762).[11]

The United States Census Bureau says that the city has a total area of 3.19 square miles (8.26 km2). Of that, 3.11 square miles (8.05 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) is water.[1]

People[change | change source]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18701,284
18801,177−8.3%
18901,2486.0%
19001,64131.5%
19101,598−2.6%
19203,608125.8%
19304,54125.9%
19404,9218.4%
19504,647−5.6%
19604,498−3.2%
19704,489−0.2%
19804,7736.3%
19904,351−8.8%
20004,6025.8%
20104,238−7.9%
Est. 20163,963[3]−6.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
2012 Estimate[13]

2010 census[change | change source]

The census of 2010 says that there were 4,238 people, 1,754 households, and 1,151 families living in Baxter Springs.[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved June 14, 2011.
  6. "Black Dog Trail Marker". Retrieved 2012-01-14.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Burl E. Self, "Black Dog", Oklahoma Encyclopedia of History and Culture, accessed 5 Nov 2009
  8. "Full text of "Wah Kon Tah The Osage And White Man S Road"". Retrieved 2012-01-14.
  9. "DEXTER, "In The Flint Hills" KANSAS: BLACK DOG TRAIL.Photo of Chief Blackdog". Retrieved 2012-01-14.
  10. Louis F. Burns, "Osage" Archived 2011-01-02 at the Wayback Machine, Oklahoma Encyclopedia of History and Culture, accessed 5 Nov 2009
  11. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  12. United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved February 15, 2014.
  13. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved February 15, 2014.

Other websites[change | change source]

City
Schools
Maps